Atraumatic care: physical and psychological comfort?
Atraumatic care is concerned with any procedure performed on a child for the purpose of eliminating psychologic and physical stressor
Psychological distress includes: anxiety, fear, anger, disappointment, sadness,shame, or guilt
Physical distress ranges from sleeplessness and immobilization to disturbingsensory stimuli such as pain, temperature extremes, loud noises, bright lights,or darkness
Ways a nurse can provide atraumatic care:
Fostering the parent- child relationship during hospitalization
Preparing the child before any unfamiliar treatment or procedure
Providing play activities for expression of fear and aggressions
Providing choices if available
Care of Child in hospital:
Preparing child for invasive procedures:
What is best re: atraumatic care? Trying to do no harm; preventand minimize seperation from parent; promote a sense of controlfor the child as young as 3 years old; prevent and minimize physical or psychological pain; allow child and parent to betogether as much as possible; allow child to make decision andchoices; prepare child before any unknown treatment or procedure;allow child privacy; allow child to play
What is the safest way to administer different types of medications to childrendepending on age and developemental level)?
when administering liquids especially to infants, administer in away to prevent aspiration (slowly, allowing the child to swallow)-do not add the medication to the formula;
when administering an IM shot, make sure that the needle is theapproprite length for the childs size and weight, know themedication that’s being given, the childs ability to assume therequired position safely, the amount and character of the drug.
when administering eye meds-have child lay supine or sitting, headextended, and looking up; pull down lower lid and place eye dropin conjunctiva2