appropriate quality standards, as well as the timely delivery of any scheduledtangible outcomes;3.5 Management of research data in accordance with the Data Protection Act 1998 andany other legal provisions, conditions and guidelines that may apply to the handlingof personal information (see 4.1, below);3.6 Undertaking professional development appropriate to the research;3.7 Ensuring that personal records of research progress, including authorised laboratorybooks, are maintained to the recommended or required standards, and that nofalsification of results occurs. Laboratory books must be signed and dated by theresearcher, and signed off by the supervisor;3.8 Ensuring confidentiality in order to achieve protection of intellectual property rightswhere appropriate;3.9 Ensuring that research findings are suitably disseminated;3.10 Ensuring research subjects participate in a voluntary way, free from any coercion;3.11 Avoiding harm to participants and minimising any adverse effect that the researchmay have on people, animals and the natural environment and property.3.12 Be alert to the ways in which research derives from and affects the work of otherpeople, and respect the rights and reputations of others.
Distinction shall be drawn between personal and research data. Personal data is any databy which possession of could identify an individual. Research data are the metricscollected as part of the research and solely by which an individual cannot be identified.Personal data may also be research data.All processing of personal data (which includes the obtaining and storage of data) mustcomply with the terms of the Data Protection Act 1998. It is recommended thatresearchers familiarise themselves with published guidance which interprets theapplication of the Act and any other relevant legislation that is pertinent to specific fieldsof research.Some central issues for researchers are:4.1 Personal data4.1.1All staff and students using personal data in research have a duty of confidence to the individuals concerned;4.1.2Unless there are ethically and legally justified reasons for doing otherwise,researchers must ensure that they have each study participant’s explicitinformed written consent to obtain, hold and use their personal information;4.1.3Only personal information pertinent to the research should be collected;4.1.4Data security arrangements must be sufficient to prevent unauthorisedbreaches of confidentiality;4.1.5Personal data should not be kept for longer than is necessary.4.2 Research data4.2.1Data must be recorded in a durable form with appropriate references;4.2.2Data must be retained intact for a period of at least seven years from the dateof any publication which is based upon them. Data should be stored in theiroriginal form – i.e. tapes/discs etc should not be deleted and reused, but keptsecurely as outlined.4.2.3Schools must have procedures for the retention of data. These proceduresmust be made known to all of their staff and students, who must comply withthem.