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CXm-W-h-ÿ.I®hS-°m-c\pw I√psh-´pImc\pw DtZym-Kÿ\pw I¿j-
I\pw A[ym-]-I\pw F√mw sXm´-SpØ ]≈n-I-fn¬ -\n∂v Cu \maw
H∂n®\p`hn°p-∂p. \nß-fpsS kz¥w ]´-W-Øns‚tbm Ip{Km-a-Øn-
A`nhmZyw sNø¬ \n¿_‘w. AXn\p ]pdsa B Ncn{X ]pcpjs‚ \maw
D®cn®v AhnSptØ°v th≠n {]m¿∞\ \SØWw! AXpw \n¿_‘w
Cu \maw aq∂v {]mhiyw Ip´n tIƒ°p∂p. ]n∂oSv PohnXØns‚ hnhn[
At∏mƒ Xs∂ hmXn¬ Xpd∂v AXm-cm-sW∂v Dd∏v hcpØp∂p. Cs√
Dd°samgn®v Imh¬ \n¬°m≥ hsc \Ωƒ XømdmIpw. Nnet∏mƒ \nß
F∂ a´n¬ Hgnhm°n hnSm≥ ]‰p∂ kwKXnb√ CXv. Znhkhpw ]Øv
XhW Xs‚ {ihW-]pSßfn¬ h∂ebSn-°p∂ Cu \mZw \mw NpΩm
XØns‚ Pb]cmPbØnemWv Cu hmZKXn Du∂¬ \¬Ip∂Xv. c≠v˛
H∂pw A\p`hnt°≠n hcn√. Aßs\bmWv F∂v \ap°v h√ Dd∏pw
As√¶n¬ Zo¿Lamb J_¿hmkØn\v tijw icocw F{X {Zhn®n´p
F∂m¬ tIhew Hcp \maØns‚ A\pkvacW-Øn¬ am{Xw HXpßp∂
X√ Cu Io¿Øn F∂XmWv A¤pXIcw. adn®v Ahn-SpsØ A\°hpw
N¿ΔnX N¿ΔW-Øn\pw hnt[bam°s∏Sp∂p≠v. AhnSpsØ apJhpw
ImWm-]m-Tam-Wv. ]Xn-\mev \q‰m≠p apºp \S∂ Hcp bp≤-Øn¬ ]s¶
Aßs\ \_nhN\w D≤cn® Hmtcm hy‡nIfpsSbpw Ncn{Xw t{ImUo
Adn-bp∂ Hcp ]WvUn-X\ps≠∂v tIƒ°p∂p. At±-l-Øn¬\n∂v
Pp¿˛EtKzZßfpsS Imcy-Øntem Ncn-{X-]-c-amb Cu Dd∏v In´p-∂n-√
Bcm-sW∂v Ncn-{X-]-c-ambn sXfn-bn-°-s∏-´n-´n-√. Ah-cpsS P\\Xnø-
In´p∂p F∂-XmWv IqSp-X¬ IuXp-I-Icw! Ata-cn-°≥ {]knU‚v-
C∂se Hcp {]kvXm-h\ Cd-°n-bm¬ C∂v hnhn[ ]{X-ß-fn¬ Ah
A√mlphns‚ {]hmNI\mWv. F\n°v AhXcn°s∏´ thZ{KŸamWv
Jp¿B≥. Jp¿B≥ A\pkcn®v Pohn°pI. AXv \ns∂ krjvSn®v ]cn
Gsd IuXpIIcambncn°p∂p. PqX ss{IkvXhcpsS ssI{InbIƒ°v
Adn-bn-°s∏´n-´p≠v F∂mWv A¥y-thZ{KŸamb Jp¿-B-\n¬ \n∂v
Sp≈ _m[yX Gs‰-Sp°pIbpw sNbvXpthm? Ah¿ ]d-bp∂p: R߃
Ah¿°v Is≠Øm≥ Ignbp∂ A£-c⁄m\an√mØ {]hmNI\mb
Xns‚bpw I¿Øm°ƒ BcmsW∂v hy‡a√ F∂XmWv. F¶nepw lnμp
CSbp≠v. Ah¿ \nba߃°mbn Ahew_n® {KŸßfnep≈tXtXm
Ifpw hymJym-\ßfpw AXn¬ IS∂v IqSm≥ km[y-Xbp≠v. AXn\m¬
Ah¿ P\߃°v \¬Inb D]tZißfnepw Cu ]cma¿i߃ Dƒs°m
N-Itcm {]hmN-Iin-jytcm Bb Ejn-Ifn¬ \n∂v e`n® hN-\߃ Cu
F∂v IqSn A¿∞ap≠v. Aßs\bmIptºmƒ Ip¥] kq‡w F∂Xns\
H´IØn¬ hln°p∂XmWv F∂mWv H∂v. At±lsØ H´IsØbpw
CWsbbpw ]q´nb cYw hln°p∂p F∂XmWv as‰m∂v. {]hN\Øn¬
X∏pdtØm bm{X sNøp∂Xpw \·ambn kv\m\w sNøp∂Xpw {_m“
Ibm{X \SØnbn´p≠v. kq‡Ønse `mcyam¿ F∂ {]tbmKw \_n
ImcWamIp∂p. Hcp Ad_n ]ZsØ kwkvIrX h¬°cn®t∏mƒ D≠mb
G‰hpw ASpØv ]Øv A\pN-c∑m-cm-Wp≈Xv. B NXpcw IW-s° A
X߃ BZy kacØn¬ ]s¶SpØXv 313 t]cpambmWv F∂XmWv Ncn-
Imcyßsf°pdn®v {]hN\߃ Dƒs°m≈p∂XmWv `hnjy¬ ]pcmWw
Ifmb apkvenwIfn¬ ]q¿ØoIcn°s∏´Xmbn \mw ImWp∂p. F∂v am{X
F∂nßs\ XpSßp∂ t«mI߃ [¿aNypXn kw`hn® A[¿Ωw B[n
F∂m Wv A¿∞w. AYhm ssZhZmk≥ aplΩZv \_nbpsS ]nXmhns‚
10. I¬°n AhXmcw kztZiØv \n∂v DØc Zn°nse aeIfnte°v
Fgpt∂¬∏n°s∏Spw. At±lw hn{Iah¿jw c≠mw iXIØn¬ A‘
Im-c-Øn¬ Nn{X]Xw-KsØt∏mse `qPmX-\mIpw. ]cn-k-c-{]-tZ-Øv
P\n∏n®pw (ap∂dnbn∏v \¬Inbpw) kIe¿°pw Xs‚ aXw {Kln∏n°pw
ASpØ t{ijvS {]hm-N-I-\mWv \_n(-k). hn{I-am-Zn-Xys‚ Imew
A∂sØ Atd_ysb∂v Ncn{XImc≥am¿ Hcpan®p ]d™n´p≠v. temIw
Hcp \mSpw C∂v `q]SØnen√. Cu {]hN\w tbiphns\°pdn®s√∂pd-
DZn®p. ]mdm≥ ]¿ΔXØn¬ Ah≥ {]Imin®p. Xs‚ heXp Iøn¬
X-Øn¬ Ah≥ {]Im-in-®p F∂Xv Xncp-\-_n-bpsS Jp¿B≥ kzoI-c-
Ah¿°mbn Rm≥ Db¿Øpw. Rm≥ Fs‚ hN\߃ AbmfpsS \mhn¬
Rm≥ t]mIp∂Xv \nßfpsS \∑°mWv. Rm≥ t]mIp∂n-s√¶n¬
H∂pw Ah≥ ]d-bpIbn-√. F∂m¬ Xm≥ tIƒ°p∂sX¥pw Ah≥ ]d-
G‰hpw hmgvØs∏Sp∂h≥ F∂mWv {]kvXpX hm°ns‚ A¿∞w. CXn
D≠mbn-cp∂Xv F∂v \ap°dn-bn-√. Ct∏mƒ D]tbmKØn-√mØ ]eXpw
Z\]cºcbpsS IWniX! Gsd-°psd AtX coXnbn¬ Xs∂ D≤cn°
I-fn¬ \n∂pw ]ecpw Ckvemw Bt«-jn-®n-´p-s≠∂pw \ap°v a\- n-
Av F∂ t]cp≈ Hcp PqXt\ D≠mbncp∂p≈q. Rm≥ Ip´nbmb ImeØv
Ah≥ ]dbp∂Xv tI´p. Cu hoSns‚ (IAv_bpsS) `mKØv \n∂v {]Xy
Rm≥ At±ltØmSv tNmZn®p: C\n h√ {]hmNI\pw hcm\pt≠m?
Hcp kZ n¬ Ibdn h∂ptNmZn®p. C∂v cm{Xn \nßfpsS Iq´Øn¬ (Jp
Ip™v {]khn®n´p≠v. aplΩZv F∂mWv t]cv. Ah¿ PqXs\ kμ¿in®v
ImWn®v sImSp-Øp. apXp-Inse ASbmfw I≠v PqX≥ t_m[w sI´p
Iøn¬ \n∂v InXm_pw \jvSs∏´p. Ad_nIƒ {]hmNIXzw sIm≠v hnP
AhnsS \_n(k)bpsS Nn{Xhpw! IqsS A_q_°¿ (d)hns‚ Nn{Xhp
Hcp D]Imctam D]{Zhtam sNømØ I√ns\ Bcm[n-°p∂p! Rm≥ Hcp
At±lw Cßs\ {]XnIcn®p: a°bn¬ \n∂v Hcmƒ hcpw. At±lw Xs‚
CShpw Hs° ]q¿ΔthZßfn¬ Ah¿ ]mcmbWw sNbvXp. B \_nbpsS
Is\ ]n≥]‰p∂h¿°v( B ImcpWyw tcJs∏SpØp∂XmWv) AhnSp∂v
Adnbn∏pIƒ \¬Inbn´p≠v F∂v Ncn{Xw. Xs‚ ktμißfpsS {]Nc
SsØ ]n¥pS¿∂p. Pn∂pIfpsS IpX{¥w \S°msXt]mbn. Ah¿ sNt¶m
AXn\v Bcm[\If¿∏n°m≥ F\n°v hknøØv sNbvXp. Rm\Xns\
Hcp i_vZw tI´p. sNmΔmgv® cm{Xn-bp≠mb {]Imiw Afv_mAv H´I
AXns‚ D≈n¬ \n∂v Hcp i_vZw: tI´ptIƒhn \n¿Ø¬ sNøs∏´n
Cßs\ hnfn®p Iqhp∂p. Bcm[n°s∏´ncn°p∂ fam¿ Dt]£n°s∏
CuØ-∏\Iƒ°v \Sphn¬ \nßtfmSv Ign™v t]mbXpw hcm\ncn°p
XpS¿∂v ]d-™p: CXv A¥y\mfns‚ Hcp ASbmfas{X. Hcp a\pjy≥
C√. Pn∂n-t\°mƒ F{Xtbm DØaw Jp¿B≥ Xs∂. (A_q-\psFw˛Z
C_v\pA≥_kv F∂ hr≤≥ Ft∂mSv ]d™p: Rm≥ Rß-fpsS
RßfpsS P\X Fßs\ {]XnIcn°psa∂v t\m°s´ F∂v R߃
Iƒ°p≠mhp∂ Hcp {]bmkhpw A\p`hs∏´ncp∂n√s{X. B kabØv
I\pw {]hmN-I\pamb alms\bmWv Xm≥ K¿`w Npa∂n-cn-°p∂sX∂v
B PohnXØn¬ \nd™p \n∂p. b£n°YIƒ t]mse ]cnlmk ]q¿Δw
X≈n°ftb≠X√ Ah. h¿Ø-am\Øns‚ A¤pX߃ Xs∂ `qX
Rm≥ IpXnc∏pdØv Ibdn k©cn®p. Aßs\ R߃ a°bnse {][m\
A_vZp¬ apØ-en-_ns‚ aI≥ A_vZp-√-bpsS aI≥ apl-Ω-Zv. Ah≥
Ahs\ I≠ns√¶n¬ Rm≥ Fs‚ icocw Cu ]¿ΔinJncØn¬ \in
H∂pw ImWm≥ Ign-™n-√. XpS¿∂v At±lw P\-ßsf Hgn-hm°n
S∂p ]d™p: Cu tIm´°p≈n¬ sh®v A≥kmcnIfn¬ s]´ A\ok
Ip´n-Iƒs°m∏w Ahn-Sßfn¬ h∂n-cn-°p∂ ]£n-Isf ]d-Ømdp≠m
D∏sb adamSs∏´Xv. _\qAZnøp_v\p \÷mdns‚ InWdn¬ \n∂mWv
Ccp∂p. At∏mƒ Hcmƒ ]nSn®p hen®p. AhnSp∂v Ic™p. Ic®n¬ tI´
A_vZp¬ apØen_v HmSnsbØn tNmZn®p. Fs‚ aI\v F¥p ]‰n. Ah¿
Imcyw [cn∏n®t∏mƒ A_vZp¬ apØen_ns‚ {]XnIcWw. Fs‚ aIs\
Npw_n®v A_q-Jp-ss_kv ]¿h-X-Øn¬ Ib-dn. XpS¿∂p Ahn-Sp∂v
Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp ssZhambncp∂p _Δm\. l÷v I¿Ω߃ AXn\
Hcp ]ø\v taLw XWen´p sImSp°p∂p. CXp I≠ DSs\ _lod Cdßn
AXn\m¬ \_n(k) t]mIm≥ Xm¬]-cy-sa-Sp-Øn-√. Ah-cpsS km[\
KpW-KW-ßtfmSp IqSnb Bsf am{Xw AhcpsS Iq´Øn¬ ImWm-Xn-cp
Xns‚ ko¬ Xm≥ ]Tn® AtX cq]Øn¬ I≠p. At±lw B `mKØv
Npw_n®p. JpssdinIƒ ]d™p: Cu ]mXncnbpsS ASp°¬ aplΩZn\v
IY Ign°m≥ Ah¿ Xocpam\n®pd®p. N¿® sNøm≥ th≠n Ah¿ _lo
AhtcmSv tNmZn®p: At±lØns‚ KpW-hntijW-߃ \n߃ ImWp
XpS¿∂p-≠mb kw`h-ßfpw \_n°v G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ ape-sIm-SpØ
ImcWw R߃°v Ddßmt\ Bbn√. Fs‚ apebn¬ Ah\v XnIbm≥
Ip™ns\ Fs‚ ASpØv sh®t∏mtg°pw kvX\ßfn¬ ]m¬ \nd™p
ASpØv sN∂t∏mƒ AXns‚ AInSnepw ]m¬ \nd-™ncp∂p. th≠p
X¬ÿm\Øv Xs∂ sh®p. XpS¿∂v c≠ma≥ Fgpt∂‰p. IqsSbp≈h
ImWpIbpw sNbvXn´p≠v. AXn\m¬ hnjant°≠. \n߃ ]n¥ncn™p
XbpsS kIe tNcphIfn¬ \n∂pap≈ tamN\Øns‚ {]Xy£oIcW-
B¿°pw Bt£-]an√; FXn-c`n-{]mban-√. Btcm]W-an-√. F√mhcpw
Ignbptam? \_n t]Sn®p hnd®p. ]Xv\n JZoPbpsS ASp°¬ HmSn
Ibpw tIƒ°m-ØXv tIƒ°p-Ibpw A\p-`-hn°mØXv A\p-`-hn-°p-
I: \nßsfms° kwkmcn°pw {]Imcw [rXnbn¬ ]d-s™m∏n°p∂
AXyp¬IrjvS ]mTßfmWv {]hm-N-I≥ {]h¿Øn-®Xpw ]Tn-∏n-®-Xp
A\p`-hs∏´n-cp∂p. D≥am-Ztcm-Kn-Iƒ°v CØcw Ahÿbp≠m-Im-dp
Iƒ \n߃ ]n¥pS¿∂v t]mIcpsX∂pw (_-Jd:168) Jp¿B≥ \nc
Nnt\mSv {]Xy£XeØn¬ bp≤w {]Jym]n®v ]tcm£ambn ]nimNns\
FØn-∏n-Sn-°m-dp≈ ]nSn-h-≈n-bmWv Jp¿-B≥ thZ-°m-cn¬\n∂v
D≤cn® ]e Ncn{Xßfnepw A_≤߃ IS∂pIqSnbn´ps≠∂v t_m[y
MMƒ ]dbp∂Xv ]pcmX\ cmPXz(Old Kingdom)ImeØmWv A{_lmw
"^tdmh' F∂v ss__nƒ ]pkvXIßfn¬ I∂pIqSn? Cu Ncn{Xbm
Ym¿∞ysØ°pdn®v Aht_m[w C√mØ BfpIfmWv ss__nƒ cNn
Hu≥) F∂v ]d™n´n√. adn®v ]pXnb cmPXzImeØv Pohn® aqk\_n
Jp¿B≥ thZßfn¬\n∂v ]I¿ØnbXs√∂pw adn®v {XnIme⁄m
Xm-sW∂v k¶¬∏n-°pI. At∏mƒ ]e tNm-Zy-ßfpw Db¿∂phcp∂p
I ktμiw kzoIcn°mØh¿°nSbn¬ Xo¿∏pI¬∏n°p∂h≥ Ah≥
Fs∂ \n߃ ]pIgvØcpXv.' A\pbmbnIƒ°nSbn¬ Ahcn¬ Hcm
ZoIcW-ßfn¬ Xs∂ hy‡-am-Wv. D≈sX√mw a‰p≈h¿°v \¬In
D]-Po-h-\w. Nne-t∏mƒ aZo-\-Øp-Im¿ sIm≠p-h-cp∂ B´n≥]mepw
Ip∂ tXm´ßfn¬ Xmakn°ptºmƒ A√mlphns‚ Xncs™Sp°s∏´
I-cy-ß-tf-°mƒ ac-Wm-\-¥cPohn-X-Ønse kpJ-ku-I-cy-ß-fmWv
BkzZn°p∂p. \ΩpsSXv acWm\¥c PohnXØn\vth≠n _m°n sh®n
nem°nbXv. Ah¿ \_n(k) hpfqAv sNbvX sh≈Øns‚ an®Øn\v
P\w Xncn®Sn°pw . B {]hmNI≥ A√mlphns‚ I¬∏\°\pkcn®v
WXzw I¬∏n°phm≥ ImcWw as‰m-∂√! temIN-cn{Xw D‰pt\m-°nb
Zn\v thZw \¬In. Ah≥ AXv {]t_m[\w sNbvXp. 63 hb mbt∏mƒ
A√mlphns\ IqSpXembn hmgvXnbXn\m¬ ˛AlvaZv˛ Ncn{XØn¬ apl
NIXzw \¬IpIbmWv. AXv Gs‰-SpØv `wKnbmbn \n¿Δln®p. sImSnb
AsXms° D—mS\w sNbvX aXamWv. A√mlphns‚ ASna am{XamWv
XIƒ \¬In. B khntijXIƒ Ckvemw ]q¿Æambn Dƒs°m≠ k®
F∂mWv CXns‚ A¿∞w. AXv sIm≠mWv Xncp\_n Xs∂ ]d-™Xv:
Fs‚ PohnXw \n߃°v DØaw. Fs‚ acWhpw \n߃°v DØaw
Sp°m\mbn am{Xw sXcs™Sp°s∏´ Hcp {]hmNIt\m? \nßsf kz¿§
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Nigalude Pravachakan Pages

Nigalude Pravachakan Pages

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05/19/2012

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