their respective provinces of British Inspectors, whilst at the same time the withdrawal of the Inspectors would lead to disastrous consequences – conclusions in both of which Ientirely agree. As to corruption, I need only say that I have known scores of cases in whichindividuals – often in a very high position – have inveighed bitterly against the blackmailwhich they have to pay to the subordinates of the Public Works and other Departments, andat the same time have refused to make any formal complaints or to mention names, thusdepriving the superior authorities of the only effective arm which might enable suchpractices to be checked. I could multiply instances of this sort, but I have said enough for mypresent purpose.With these preliminary remarks, I propose to describe, to the best of my ability, the presentphase of the Egyptian National movement, and to set forth my personal opinion as to thetreatment which it should receive.Whilst it would be altogether incorrect to say that the Egyptian National movement iswholly Panislamic, it is certain that it is deeply tinged with Panislamism. This is a fact of which I have for long been aware, and to which, if I may judge from the utterances of thelocal Press, many Europeans in Egypt have, albeit somewhat tardily, now become alive. Itwould be easy, were it necessary or desirable to do so, to adduce abundant evidence insupport of this statement.
Here I will only say that the events of last summer merelydisclosed one new feature in the Egyptian situation. Admitting, what is unquestionably thecase, that religion is the main motive power in the East,
and that the theocratic form of government possesses peculiar attraction for Easterns, it might still have been anticipatedthat the recollections of the past, and the present highly prosperous condition of Egypt ascompared to the neighbouring provinces of Turkey, might have acted as a more effectualbarrier to the growth of Panislamism than apparently was the case. I use the word"apparently" with intention, for, in spite of all outward appearances, I am by no meansconvinced that Panislamic sympathies extended very deep down in Egyptian society; and Iam quite confident that, had there been any real prospect of effect being given toPanislamic theories, a very strong and rapid revulsion of public opinion would have takenplace. However this may be, it is clear that Panislamism is a factor in the Egyptian situationof which account has, to a certain extent, to be taken. It is, therefore, necessary tounderstand what the term implies.Panislamism is generally held to mean a combination of all the Moslems throughout theworld to defy and to resist the Christian Powers.
I take this opportunity of alluding to an anonymous letter -which I received last spring, and which waspublished in a Parliamentary Paper ("Egypt No. 2 (1906)," p.35). Some doubts were thrown on the authenticityof this document. I entertain no doubt whatever that it is genuine. I was somewhat surprised at the attentionwhich it attracted, notably in England. I merely sent it to London as an example, expressed in somewhat moreeloquent terms than usual, of ideas with which I have for long been familiar, and the existence of which doesnot admit of doubt.
In speaking of the East, I, of course, only allude to those portions of the East with which I am in any degreeacquainted – not to China or Japan.