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DuracapTM 86103: a Feasible for producing Gravitational Shieldings

DuracapTM 86103: a Feasible for producing Gravitational Shieldings

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Published by Fran De Aquino
A polyvinyl chloride (PVC) compound, called DuracapTM 86103, can have its weight strongly decreased when subjected to extremely-low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields, and is feasibly suited for producing Gravitational Shieldings.
A polyvinyl chloride (PVC) compound, called DuracapTM 86103, can have its weight strongly decreased when subjected to extremely-low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields, and is feasibly suited for producing Gravitational Shieldings.

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Published by: Fran De Aquino on Oct 01, 2010
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12/22/2011

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 Duracap
TM
86103: a Feasible for producingGravitational Shieldings
Fran De Aquino
Maranhao State University, Physics Department, S.Luis/MA, BrazilCopyright
©
2010 by Fran De Aquino. All Rights Reserved.
A polyvinyl chloride (PVC) compound, called Duracap
TM
86103, can have its weight stronglydecreased when subjected to extremely-low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields, and isfeasibly suited for producing Gravitational Shieldings.
1. INTRODUCTION
It was recently discovered that,when electromagnetic fields are appliedthrough a body, the
gravitational mass
 of the body decreases, independently of its inertial mass [1]. The mass decreasedepends on the electrical properties of the body (magnetic permeability,electric conductivity), and is directlyproportional to the intensity of theelectromagnetic field applied on thebody, and inversely proportional to thefield frequency. Thus, when
extreme-low frequency
(ELF) electromagneticfields are applied on a body its
gravitational mass
,, can be strongly
decreased 
, and even made
negative
.This means that the
weight 
of abody,, can be
reduced 
, and even
inverted 
by means of ELFelectromagnetic fields. Here, it is shownthat a PVC compound, calledDuracap
g
mgmP
g
=
TM
86103
1
,
can have its weightstrongly decreased when subjected to ELFelectromagnetic fields, being a feasiblematerial to be used for producingGravitational Shieldings.
2. THEORY
 It was shown [1] that therelativistic
gravitational mass
 
22
1
cm M 
gg
=
and the relativistic
1
Duracap
TM
86103 is produced by Polyone Inc.,www.polyone.com
 
inertial mass
220
1
cm M 
ii
=
 are
quantized 
, and given by,
)
 M 
whereand are respectively, the
gravitational quantum number 
and the
inertial quantum number 
;is the elementary
quantum
of inertial mass. The massesand are correlated by means of the following expression:
(
min 
02
igg
mn M 
=
)
min 
02
iii
mn
=
(
g
n
i
n
( )
kgm
i
730
1093
×±=
.
min 
g
m
0
i
m
( )
1.112
0200
iiig
mcm pmm
 ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ Δ+=
where
 p
Δ
is the
momentum
variation onthe particle and is the inertial massat rest.
0
i
m
In general, the
momentum
 variation
 p
Δ
is expressed by
 p
ΔΔ
=
 where is the applied force during atime interval
Δ
. Note that there is norestriction concerning the
nature
of theforce, i.e., it can be mechanical,electromagnetic, etc.
For example, we can look on the
momentum
variation
 p
Δ
as due toabsorption or emission of 
electromagnetic energy
by the particle.In this case, it was shown [1] that
 p
Δ
 can be expressed by means of thefollowing expression
 
 2
nc p
=Δ
where
, is the electromagnetic energyabsorbed by the particle and
vcn
=
 is the index of refraction.Substitution of 
 p
Δ
 
into Eq. (1)yields
( )
21121
0220
iig
mncmm
 ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ +=
This equation can be rewritten in thefollowing form
( )
31121
022
ig
mncm
 ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ +=
 ρ 
where
=
, is the
density of electromagnetic energy
and V
0
i
m
=
 ρ 
 is the density of inertial mass.The density of electromagneticenergy in an
electromagnetic
field canbe deduced from Maxwell’s equations[2] and has the following expression
( )
4
221221
 H  E 
μ ε 
+=
It is known, that
 H  B
μ 
=
,
 B E 
=
[3] and
( )( )
5112
2
 ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ ++===
ωε σ μ ε κ ω 
cdt dzv
Where is the real part of the
 propagation vector 
r
(also called
 phaseconstant 
[4]);
i
ik 
+==
r
;
 
ε 
,
μ 
 and
σ 
,
 
are the electromagneticcharacteristics of the medium in whichthe incident (or emitted) radiation ispropagating (
0
ε ε ε 
=
, where
ε 
isthe
relative dielectric permittivity
and;
m
 / 10854.8
120
×=
ε 
0
μ 
=
, where
μ 
is the
relative magnetic permeability
 and ;
m /  H 
70
104
×=
π μ 
σ 
is the
electrical conductivity
).From (5), we see that the
index of refraction
will be given by
n
( ) ( )
6112
2
 ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ ++==
ωε σ μ ε 
vcn
Equation (5) shows that
v
=
κ 
.Thus,
v B E 
==
, i.e.,
 H vvB E 
μ 
==
.Then, Eq. (4) can be rewritten in thefollowing form:
( )
( )
7
2212221
 H  H v
μ μ μ ε 
+=
For
ωε σ 
<<
, Eq. (5) reduces to
cv
μ ε 
=
Then, Eq. (7) gives
( )
8
22212221
 H  H  H c
μ μ μ μ  μ ε ε 
=+ ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ =
This equation can be rewritten in thefollowing forms:
( )
9
2
μ 
 B
=
or
( )
10
2
 E 
ε 
=
For
ωε σ 
>>
, Eq. (5) gives
( )
112
μσ ω 
=
v
Then, from Eq. (7) we get
( )
122
2212212221221
 H  H  H  H  H 
μ μ μ σ ωε μ μ μ μσ ω ε 
+ ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ =+ ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ =
Since
 H vvB E 
μ 
==
, we can rewrite(12) in the following two forms:
( )
132
2
μ 
 B
 or
( )
144
2
 E 
 ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ 
ω σ 
 Substitution of Eq. (14) into Eq. (3)gives
( )
15144121
02432
ig
m E  f cm
 ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ +=
 ρ π σ μ 
 Note that
 E  E 
m
sin
=
.The averagevalue for
2
 E 
is equal to
221
m
 E 
because
 E 
varies sinusoidaly ( is themaximum value for
m
 E 
 E 
). On the other
 
 3hand,
2
mrms
 E  E 
=
. Consequently wecan change
4
 E 
for , and theequation above can be rewritten asfollows
4
rms
 E 
( )
16110758.1121
0432327
irmsg
m E  f m
 ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ ×+=
 ρ σ μ 
 The Duracap
TM
86103 has the followingcharacteristics:
1
=
;
3
=
ε 
 
mS
 / 3.3333
=
σ 
 
3
1400
=
m.kg
 ρ 
 
mmKV strengthdieletric
 / 87.3
=
 Thus, according to Eq. (16), the
gravitational mass
,, of the
Duracap
g
m
TM
 86103, when subjected to anelectromagnetic field of frequency, isgiven by
 f 
( )
171103.3121
03423
irmsg
m f  E m
×+=
Note that, if the electromagnetic fieldthrough the Duracap has
extremely-low frequency
, for example, if, and
 Hz f 
1
=
 
( )
mmkV m E 
rms
 / 44.0 / 104.4
5
×=
.Then, its the
gravitational mass
will bereduced down to, reducing inthis way, the
weight 
 
0
g
m
)
gmP
g
=
of theDuracap to a value close to zero.It was shown [1] that there is anadditional effect of 
GravitationalShielding
produced by a substancewhose gravitational mass was reducedor made negative. This effect shows that just
above the substance
the gravityacceleration will be reduced at thesame proportion
1
g
0
ig
mm
=
 χ 
, i.e.,
gg
χ 
=
1
 ( is the gravity acceleration
bellow
thesubstance).
g
Thus, samples hung above theDuracap plate should exhibit a weightdecrease when the frequency of theelectromagnetic field is decreased orwhen the intensity of theelectromagnetic field is increased.
3.
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND FOREXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENTS
The Duracap
TM
86103 is soldunder the form of small cubes. Itsmelting temperature varies from 177ºCto 188ºC. Thus, a 15cm square Duracapplate with 1 mm thickness can beshaped by using a suitable mold, as theshown in Fig.1.Figure 2(a) shows the Duracapplate between the plates of a parallelplate capacitor. The plates of thecapacitor are made of Aluminum andhave the following dimensions:19cm
X
15cm
X
1mm. They are paintedwith an insulating varnish spray of highdielectric strength (ISOFILM). They areconnected to a Function Generator,which generates voltage
sinusoidal
waves. The distance between theAluminum plates is. Thus, theelectric field through the Duracap isgiven by
mm
1
=
( )
1822
0
 E  E 
mrms
ε 
==
where
ε 
is the relative permittivity of the dielectric(Duracap), and is thevoltage applied on the capacitor.
0
The maximum value of theamplitude of the voltage produced bythe Function Generator is.The turns ratio of the transformer(Bosch red coil) is. Thus, themaximum secondary voltage is. Consequently,Eq. (18) gives
 p
10
max
=
1:200
kV 
s
2
max0max
==
 
m E 
rms
 / 107.4
5max
×=
 Thus, for
 Hz f 
1
=
, Eq. (17) gives

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