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09/29/2012

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 1
Creating a Map with ArcMap
Revised 03 September 2007Tufts UniversityAuthor: Barbara Parmenter, PhD
Introduction............................................................................................................................................1Part 1 - Opening ArcMap and adding data layers..................................................................................2Part 2 - Defining the general and symbology properties for a layer......................................................5Coloring the data layers.....................................................................................................................5Part 3 - Drawing a layer based on an attribute field...............................................................................7Symbolizing parcels by land use........................................................................................................7Symbolizing general land use............................................................................................................8Saving layer files................................................................................................................................9Loading a layer file............................................................................................................................9Part 4 - Labeling a layer based on an attribute field............................................................................10Changing the formatting of labels....................................................................................................10Interactively labeling some parks....................................................................................................11Part 5 - Understanding Data Frame Properties....................................................................................11Accessing the Data Frame Properties..............................................................................................12Drawing a map to scale....................................................................................................................12Part 6 - Using digital orthophotos, scanned quad maps (DRGs), and shaded relief............................13Accessing and downloading orthophotos from MassGIS – using an index sheet...........................13Downloading image data from MassGIS.........................................................................................15Opening the orthophoto in ArcMap.................................................................................................15Using Shaded Relief images............................................................................................................16Part 7 - Creating a layout for printing or graphic export......................................................................17Setting up a layout............................................................................................................................17Moving around in the page and the data frame................................................................................18Setting the printed map scale...........................................................................................................18Resizing and moving the data frame................................................................................................19Inserting title, scale, north arrow, and legend..................................................................................19Part 8 - Adding a data frame to show two or more maps on a layout..................................................20Adding a second data frame.............................................................................................................21Setting up a locator boundary box...................................................................................................22Part 9 - Printing or exporting layouts...................................................................................................22
Introduction
This tutorial shows you how to use the ArcMap module to create a simple map. ArcMap is one of themodules in ArcGIS Desktop. You use ArcMap to create maps, query data, perform analysis, and most of the other basic GIS operations. ArcMap is the module that you will use most frequently. The tutorial maytake 3-4 hours to complete.If you haven’t already, download the
GIS_tutorial_data.zip
file that accompanies this tutorial and unzip itin a location of your choice. The tutorial data comes from MassGIS (the Massachusetts GIS Repository)and the City of Somerville, MA. However, you can do this tutorial with any GIS data.
 
 2This tutorial only shows the most basic functioning of ArcMap. For further information about ArcMap, goto
Help-ArcGIS Desktop Help - Contents tab - ArcMap
.A note about storing saved files from this tutorial or other work for your classes. The "map" files you willbe saving in this tutorial and in most of your GIS work are very small files with pointers to the data sets.The mapfile does not contain the actual data, so if the data files are moved or deleted, your map file willnot find them and thus not display them – this can be corrected using the data repair function which wewill learn. As you work, you should save map files to your own file storage area.
Part 1 - Opening ArcMap and adding data layers
 
To start ArcMap, choose
Start-Programs-ArcGIS-ArcMap
(or the equivalent on yourcomputer). It will take a minute to start.
 
When the first dialog box comes up, make sure that you have selected to start with a
new emptymap
and press OK.
 
If the
 Add Data
dialog box comes up, press
Cancel
for now.
 
Choose
View - Toolbars
, and make sure that
 Main Menu
,
Standard 
, and
Tools
are visible.Uncheck all the other toolbars for now. Toolbars used and moved around in one session willappear the same way the next time a session is opened, so your initial view of ArcMap may differdepending on which computer you are using and how it was left by the last user.
 
On the left side of the screen, you should see your
Table of Contents
area - right now it shouldonly say "Layers". If you do not see this separate area, choose
Window - Table of Contents
.Again, sometimes this gets turned off by a previous user.
 
This is the Standard Toolbar:
 
Click on the "
 plus
" sign () to add data to the view pane on the right (alternatively, choose
File-Add Data
).
 
In the
 Add Data
dialog box, navigate to the folder where you put the GIS Tutorial Data (Note: if you are adding data from a place
not 
visible in the navigation box, e.g., a server or
my documents
,you can click on the
connect to folder 
icon () and navigate to the location of that folder. Youcan get rid of connections by clicking on the connection and choosing the
 Disconnect from Folder 
icon.)
 
You should see the GIS data folders for MassGIS and Somerville
 
Open the
Somerville
folder and add data layers that are highlighted below (you can hold down theCTRL key and click on each layer in turn to select multiple layers, then press ADD or just click on
 
 3one data layer at a time and press ADD, repeating the process for each data layer):
 
Next, choose the
Add Data
icon again, and back up and navigate to the
MassGIS – PhysicalResources
folder and add the two Hydro25k data files:
 
All the data layers added will appear in your map – kind of a mess! Start unchecking them in the
Table of Contents
(or, to turn them all off at once, hold down the CTRL key and uncheck one of them - they will all turn off).
 
Turn on (check) just street centerlines (
Streetscl
),
hydro25k_poly_clip
, and
parks
 
 
Zoom into a part of Somerville using
 zoom-in
tool. When using the zoom tool, you can click and drag a box around the area you would like to zoom in to. Use the
 zoom in, zoom out,
and
pan
 () tools to move around the map, and the
 Zoom to Full Extent 
tool () to go back tothe full view (in ArcGIS, you can place the cursor over each tool in the menu without clicking to

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