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Water Level Indicator and Pumping Control for Water Tanks

Water Level Indicator and Pumping Control for Water Tanks

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Published by Harsha

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Harsha on Oct 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/03/2011

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ABSTRACT
In spinning mills Petrochemical based cleaning solutions are used for cleaning of rawcotton. This petrochemical liquid is pumped from tank to the process container byusing an AC motor. The process container is the capacity of 2000 liters. The motor takes more than one hour to fill the process container. An operator has to pay attentionto the container to switch off the motor to avoid overflow of petrochemical.This project provides the best solution for this application by using magnetic sensors.The sensors are fixed at specified locations on the container. A floating magnet floatson the liquid and triggers the magnetic sensors one-by-one based on the liquid level.Microcontroller continuously monitors the liquid level and this level will be displayedon LCD. If the maximum level is reached, the microcontroller automatically switchesoff the motor. If the liquid reaches the lower level, the controller drives the driver circuit and switches on the motor.Direct contact of level probes with the content / liquid is completely avoided in this project. Magnetic sensors / Reed switches are used as level sensors. The level of thecontent is monitored by the microcontroller and displayed on LCD.Relay driver circuit can be activated by sensing “Level Full” and “Low Level”indicators and operates the motor automatically. As magnetic sensors / reed switchesare used, the problem of oxidization of level probes is completely eliminated.This project uses regulated 5V, 500mA power supply. 7805 three terminal voltageregulator is used for voltage regulation. Bridge type full wave rectifier is used torectify the ac out put of secondary of 230/12V step down transformer.

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