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Brain Gate

Brain Gate

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Published by: Aarthi Balasubramanian on Oct 03, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Submitted by
Arthi.B (283175017)Sandhya.S (283175171)Veenas Katta (283175262)
Submitted to
Dr. R. Manoharan, Asst. Professor,
Department of Computer Science and Engineering1
Seminar Coordinator.
Since coming of new technologies, computers are becomingmore intelligent than they were in the past. Man and machineinterface has been one of the growing fields of research anddevelopment in the recent years. Most of the effort has beendedicated to the design of user friendly or ergonomic systems bymeans of innovative interfaces such as voice recognition, virtualreality. A brain computer interface, sometimes called direct neuralinterface or brain machine interface is a direct communicationpathway between human or animal brain and an external device.Brain computer interface is a staple of science fiction writing. Overthe past 15 years, productive brain computer interface researchprogram have arisen. Present day brain computer interfacesdetermine the intent of the user from a variety of differentelectrophysiological signals. These signals include slow corticalpotentials, P300 potentials or beta rhythms recorded from the scalp. They are translated in real time into commands that operate acomputer display or any other device. In one way brain computerinterface, computer either accepts commands from brain or sendssignals to it. In two way brain computer interface, brains andexternal devices exchange information in both directions.With assistive technologies computers adapt and change touser’s needs, from uniquely designed hardware peripherals toinnovative softwares. Some scientists claim that it will not take longbefore computers become more intelligent than humans andhumans can take advantage of these machines. A repercussion of this would be a world where humans and machines are getting melt
Department of Computer Science and Engineering2
with each other. An example of this is the BRAINGATE system whichis a clinical trial ‘to turn thoughts into action’.Many different disorders can disrupt the neuro muscularchannels through which the brain communicates with and controlsits external environment. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS),brainstem stoke, brain or spinal cord injury and numerous otherdiseases impair the neural pathways that control the muscles orimpair the muscles themselves. Those most severely affected maylose all voluntary muscles control, unable to communicate in anyway. In the absence of methods for repairing the damage done bythese disorders, a variety of methods for monitoring brain activitymight serve as a BCI. BrainGate is a brain inplant system developedby biotech computer cyberkinetics in 2003 in conjunction with thedepartment of neuro science at Brown University. The BrainGatesystem is a boon to the paralyzed. It is a mind-to-movement systemthat allows a quadriplegic man to control a computer using histhoughts. It is based on cyberkinetics platform technology to sense,transmit, analyse and apply the language of neurons.
BCI Technology
A brain-computer interface (BCI), sometimes called a directneural interface or a brain-machine interface, is a directcommunication pathway between a human or animalbrain(braincell culture) and an external device. In one-way BCIs, computerseither accept commands from the brain or send signals to it (forexample, to restore vision) but not both. Two-way BCIs would allowbrains and external devices to exchange information in bothdirections but have yet to be successfully implanted in animals orhumans. In this definition, the word brain means thebrainor
Department of Computer Science and Engineering3

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Sangeetha Sangee added this note
it is very helpful.. it is in very detailed manner.. it helps me to get clear idea abt brain gate.. tanx..
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