Feb 4Matthew SnodgrassHow The Industrial Revolution Came AboutWhy Was the Industrial Revolution So Important To History?
The Machine has changed the worldin the last 200 years. The lives of individuals and the fates of nations have been changes; production of goods and the ways people earn their living changed too. The expansion of the world trade into areasundreamed of before the 18
Century affected the entire world. All this was brought about by theIndustrial Revolution.For thousands of years the basic methods of earning a living had been unchanged. A Greek of Pericles'time or a Roman friend of Julius Caesar would have adjusted fairly easily to the Europe of the early18
Century, for the fundamental methods of agriculture had not changed greatly in all these years. Buthe would find the world of today a very different place to live and to work in. He would be amazed atmethods of mass production, the endless variety of products, the train, steamship and plane, the radio,wireless, telephone, television, education and learning, science and medicine. All these, and more, were brought about by the Industrial Revolution.
What Does the Term “Industrial Revolution” Mean?
The Industrial Revolution is defined as a basicchange in the methods of producing goods, using power-driven machinery. It included the following:
The invention of machines to replace human labor.
The development of new forms of power-water, steam, electricity, oil and most recently, atomicenergy
Increased production and use of such minerals and metals as coal, iron, steel and aluminum.
Improved methods of transportation and communication.
Mass production of goods, with increase in number and kind.
The growth of factories.
The movement of people from farm to factory, from country to city.
The growth of capitalism, providing the financial capital for this industrial expansion
The rise of new classes: the bourgeoisie and the working class
Changes in production through machines and science.Domestic SystemFactory SystemMethods UsedSimple hand toolsMachineWhere ProducedAt homeIn factoryType and ownership toolsSimple tools owned by worker,operated by handComplex power-driven machinesowned by the capitalistOutputSmall, limited to local market,and made only when orderedLarge scale, for a world market,and made in anticipation of demandWork done by the workerWorker usually made entirearticleWorker operated on an assemblyline, performing one operationHours of workAs many as worker could,whenever work was requiredRegular hours on a daily basisDependence on employerMost workers were also smallfarmersCompletely dependent oncapitalist for income