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6-3

6-3

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Published by kshepyastraweekly

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Published by: kshepyastraweekly on Oct 03, 2010
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11/16/2010

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-afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ ) tkfO{sf] kf6L{ / g]=s=kf=-) tkfO{sf] kf6L{ / g]=s=kf=-) tkfO{sf] kf6L{ / g]=s=kf=-) tkfO{sf] kf6L{ / g]=s=kf=-) tkfO{sf] kf6L{ / g]=s=kf=-Pdfn]_ jLr # j'4] ;xdtLPdfn]_ jLr # j'4] ;xdtLPdfn]_ jLr # j'4] ;xdtLPdfn]_ jLr # j'4] ;xdtLPdfn]_ jLr # j'4] ;xdtLeO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/LeO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/LeO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/LeO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/LeO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/L lkmtf{ lng] sfd eof] . of] lkmtf{ lng] sfd eof] . of] lkmtf{ lng] sfd eof] . of] lkmtf{ lng] sfd eof] . of] lkmtf{ lng] sfd eof] . of] lsg ug'{ ePsf] < lsg ug'{ ePsf] < lsg ug'{ ePsf] < lsg ug'{ ePsf] < lsg ug'{ ePsf] <
— xfd|f]kf6L{/ Pdfn]ljr # j' 4] ;xdlt ePsf] xf] . of] b'/ufdLdxTjsf]lg0f{o xf]. xfd|f] kf6L{n ;xdltdf /fli6«o;o'Qm ;/sf/sf] nfuLlaut nfdf];do b]vL];+3if{ ub{  }cfPsf]s'/f ;a}nfO{yfxf 5 . Tof]k'/f x'g ;ssf]lyPg . ;ft
;ft k6s lgjf{rg x'bf klgk|wfgdGqLsf]lgjf{rg ;DkGg x'g ;s]g . xfdLn]lg/Gt/ eGb}cfPsf] lyof}. ;xdltsf]cfwf/df /fi6«nfO{ u'xo'4jf6 d'Stug]{,:jflwgtf,:jtGqtf,;+Df[l4 /zlQmzfnL g]kfn lgdf0f{ug{  ]xf]. t/ k6s–k6s dfcf]jfbLnfO{wf]sf lbFb} cfPsf]/ To;dfly Pdfn]sf cWoIfemngfy vgfns}sf/0f dfcf]jfbLg]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/ 9Ng k'u]sf]pgLx¿sf]ljZn]if0f 5 . dfcf]jfbL g]t[Tjsf];/sf/sf]yfnfdf ePsf] ;]gfklt ljjfbdf Pdfn]sf cWoIfemngfyn]v'§f ghGdfOlbPsf]ct dfcf]jfbLn];/sf/ 5f8g'kg] {lyPg / tf]lsPs};dodf zflGt / ;+ljwfgn] k" 0f{tf kfpg]lyof]eGg]ts{5 . To;}n] clxn]sf] Pdfn] / P=dfcf]jfbLsf];xdlt klg st} Pdfnn]dfcf]jfbLnfO{k|wfgdGqL aGgaf6 /f]Sg rflnPsf]uDeL/ if8oGq t xf]OgpgLx¿sf]lrGtf 5 .h]xf];\ d'n'ssf b'O{ 7"nfjfdkf6L{x¿ aLr ;xdlt ePsf]o;n]kSs}klg b]z / hglxt ug] { eGg];a}sf]a'emfO 5 . Pdfn]sf]gLlt Tofu]/ dfcf]jfbLsf] /fli6«o:jflwgtfsf];jfndf ;xdt ePd'n'sn]kSs}lgsf; kfp5 eGg] /fhgLlts ljZn]ifsx¿sf]7x/ 5 .b'O{7" nf jfdzlQmx¿ ;xdt eO{Ps lbzfdf cl3 a9\  ]d'n's qmflGtsf/L 5nfË dfg{;S5 . /fi6«, /fli6«otf / ;fj{ef}ldstfdflysf]j}b]lzs x:tIf]k aGb x'G5 zflGt / ;+ljwfgn]k" 0f{tf kfpF5 eGg]df cfd hgtf 9'Ss 5g\. Pdfn]/ dfcf]jfbL ;xdltkl5 g]kfnL sFu|  ];nfO{eg]uDeL/ cfkQL cfO nfu]sf] 5 . dxflwj]zgdfb]lvPsf]k|i6 tLg wf/n]sfFu|  ];df dxflwj]zgkl5 klg Ps l9Ssf x'g]nIf0f b]lvFb}g . ;w}F jfdkGyLkf6L{x¿ aLr k' m6 / cljZjf; kIfu/fP/ ;Qfsf] :jfbdf /dfpg]sfFu|  ];nfO{eg]o; ;xdltn]bl/nf] rf]6 k'¥ofPsf] 5 . Pdfn] /dfcf]jfbLsf]of];xdlt jf:tljs ?kdf sfof{Gjog ePdf ca d'n'sn] j}b]lzs x:tIf]kaf6 k" 0f{?kdf d'lQm kfpg]5 eg]g]kfnL sfFu|  ];sf]k' m6fp / /fh u/]sf]lghL klg ;bfsf]nflu ;dfKt x'g]5 .
tkfO{ +x¿s}xf].…cfkmgf]kf6L{/ ;+;bjfbLbnx¿aLrsf]!@a'“b]
-afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ -afFsL & k]hdf_ 
;ef;b\P=g]skf dfcf]jfbL 
dfofk|;fb zdf{‘kf/;dl0f’
xfdL k/Dk/fut ;+;bLo Joj:yf dfGb}gf}“xfdL k/Dk/fut ;+;bLo Joj:yf dfGb}gf} “ xfdL k/Dk/fut ;+;bLo Joj:yf dfGb}gf}“xfdL k/Dk/fut ;+;bLo Joj:yf dfGb}gf} “ xfdL k/Dk/fut ;+;bLo Joj:yf dfGb}gf} “
Pdfn], dfcf]jfbL ;xdt sf“u|  ];nfO{cfktPdfn], dfcf]jfbL ;xdt sf“u|  ];nfO{cfkt Pdfn], dfcf]jfbL ;xdt sf“u|  ];nfO{cfktPdfn], dfcf]jfbL ;xdt sf“u|  ];nfO{cfkt Pdfn], dfcf]jfbL ;xdt sf“u|  ];nfO{cfkt
 
@)^& ;fn c;f] h # ut]cfOtaf/ 
   
2
:jfut of]Uo sbd:jfut of]Uo sbd:jfut of]Uo sbd:jfut of]Uo sbd:jfut of]Uo sbd
k6s–k6ssflgjf{rgdfk|wfgdGqLsfpDd]bjf/dWo] s;}sf]kIfdfklgax'dth'6\gg;Sbf/To:t}cj:yf ljBdfg/lx/xg];DefjgfnfO{dWogh/u/]/dfcf]jfbLn] /fli6«o;xdltsf];/sf/u7gsfnfluk|wfgdGqLsf]pDd]bjf/L lkmtf{lng]lg0f{ou/]sf]5.ha/fli6«o;xdltsf];/sf/ u7g/To;sf]g]t[Tjsf];jfnp7\5,/flio;xdlt cfjZos5eGg];+;bjfbLbnx¿v'§fsdfpb}av]8f lems]/cQf]yfKgyfN5g\.pgLx¿sf]of]Wo]odfcf]jfbLsf] g]t[Tjdf;/sf/u7gx'gglbgs;}sf]lgb]  {zgdful//x]sf 5g\eGg]s'/fca;fdfGohgtf;d]tna'lem;s]sf5g. /fli6«o;xdltsf];/sf/u7gx'g'k5{eGg]dfGotfdfcf]jfbLn] ;'?b]lvg};fb}  {cfPsf]xf].ax'dtLocfwf/dfu7gx'g] ;/sf/n]b]zsf];d:of;dfwfgug{g;Sg]/lgwf{l/t ;dodf;+ljwfglgdf{0fug{g;Sg]ePsfn];+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgnuQ}dfcf]jfbLn]/flio;xdltsf];/sf/u7gdf hf]8lbPsf]lyof].;+;bdf;a}eGbf7" nf]/fhgLltsbnsf] x}l;otn]ljZjs};+;bLokl/kf6Lcg';f/cfkm\gf]g]t[Tjdf /fli6«o;xdltsf];/sf/u7gx'g'kg]  {bfaLdfcf]jfbLn] u/]sfxf]  ].tyflk,b]z/hgtfk|ltsf]bfloTjaf]wub}  {csf]  { bnsf]g]t[Tjdf/flio;xdltsf];/sf/u7gx'g;Sg] ;Defjgf/x]dfTo;df;d]t;dy{gug]  {gLltdfcf]jfbLn] lnPsf]  ]5.of];+;bLokmf]x/Lv]naf6lg:s]/dfcf]jfbL hgtfsf]kIfdfa?bl/nf]k|ltkIfeP/a:grflx/x]sf]5. o;sf]nfludfcf]jfbLn]  ]k|wfgdGqLsf]r'gfjaf6lg:s/] kf6L{sf]cfGtl/szlQmnfO{;'b[9u/]/,hgtfnfO{cu|udgsf Ph]08fk|lt;+ul7t/cfGbf]lntu/fpg]/0fgLltdfnfUg] 5./fli6«o:jfwLgtf,hgd'vL;+ljwfglgdf{0fsfnflu jfdkGyLzlQmx¿aLrdfq}klg;dGjo/;xdltsfodx'g;Sof]eg]hgtfdfcfzfsf];~rf/5fpg]5. clxn];+ljwfg;efs}cf}lrTo5}g/o;nfO{eª\u ug{'k5{eGg]cltjfbL:j/x¿;txd}cfO/x]sf5Gf\. k|wfgdGqL5fGgg;lsPsf]k|fljlwsljkmntfsfsf/0f ;+ljwfg;efs}cjdNogu/]/blIf0fkGyLx¿pu|tfdf cfO/x]sf5g\.clxn]k|wfgdGqLrogdfb]lvPsf];+3if{ /fhgLlts;+3{ifg}xf].clxn]sf]/fhgLltsk|lqmofb'O{ w|'js}6Ss/df/x]sf]5.clxn]sf]k|wfgdGqLrogdf b]lvPsf]/fhgLlts6s/fjblIf0fkGyL/kl/jt{gsf;+jfxs k|ultzLnzlQmx¿aLrsf]xf].b'O{zlQmx¿dWo]sf]xL xfjLx'g]jflgif]wu/]/hfg]cj:yfgePsfn]clxn]sf]cj:yfeg]sf]/0fgLlts?kd}zlQm;Gt'ngsf]cj:yf xf].of]s'/fclxn]k|wfgdGqLsf]r'gfjdfb]lvPsf]lgisif{lxgtfn]klgb]vfO;s]sf]5. l;Ëf]ef/tLozf;sju{nfu]/klgdfcf]jfbLnfO{lgif]w u/]/sfu|  ];nfO{k|wfgdGqLagfpgg;Sg';flRrs}zlQm ;Gt'ngsf]/0fgLltscj:yfxf].of]cj:yfdfhgtfn] lbPsf]x}l;otdf/x]/;a}n];a}sf]cl:tTj:jLsf/]/ ;xdltaf6cufl8a9\g'sf]ljsNk5}g.k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/LlbPsf]PsLs[tg]skfdfcf]jfbLn]cfk\ mgf]pDd]bjf/L lkmtf{ug]  {eO;s]sf]5.sfu|  ];pDd]bjf/Llkmtf{glng] cfk\ mgf]x7dfa;]/;xdltaGg]jftfj/0fnfO{klgw'ldNofpg vf]Hb}5o;n]l;Ëf]d'n'snfO{cl:y/tflt/n}hfG5.dfcf]jfbL b]z/hgtfsf]kIfdfh:tf];'s}Tofu/b[9tfk|b{zgug{ tof/5eGg]s'/fp;n]b]vfOlbPsf]5.b]znfO{of]lg/fz /aaf{bLaf6hf]ufpgcatbnx¿n]Tofuu/]/}klg kl/0ffdlgsfNg'kg]  {x'G5.Tof]Tofuug]  {bnnfO{hgtfn] klgd" Nofª\sgug]  {5g\.]/fi6«lgdf0f{sf]P]ltxfl;scj;/df hgtfn]bnx¿nfO{lbPsf5g\ \.bnx¿n]of]P]ltxfl;s clUgk/LIffnfO{;kmntfdf6'ªofpg'kg]  {lg0ff{osa]nfcfPsf] 5.bnx¿sfaLrca;fy{s/hglxtcg's" nkl/0ffd lgsfNg]clGtd38LcfOk'u]sf]5.of]a]nfsfu|  ];]n]klg cfk\ mgfx7{TofUb}/flio:jtGqtf/;fj{ef}ldstfsfnflu Psh'6eP/;xdltdfk'UgcTofjZos5.
 ltdL ltd|f] tl/sfn] n8, xfdL xfd|f] tl/sfn] n8\ 5f} ltdL ltd|f] tl/sfn] n8, xfdL xfd|f] tl/sfn]n8\5f}  ltdL ltd|f] tl/sfn] n8, xfdL xfd|f] tl/sfn] n8\ 5f} ltdL ltd|f] tl/sfn] n8, xfdL xfd|f] tl/sfn]n8\5f}  ltdL ltd|f] tl/sfn] n8, xfdL xfd|f] tl/sfn] n8\ 5f}
– s= dfcf]T;]t'ª 
jif{#, c+sjif{#, c+s jif{#, c+sjif{#, c+s jif{#, c+s%%%%%%%%%%,,,,,c;f]h #c;f]h # c;f]h #c;f]h # c;f]h #ut]cfOtaf/ @)^&ut]cfOtaf/ @)^& ut]cfOtaf/ @)^&ut]cfOtaf/ @)^& ut]cfOtaf/ @)^&
;DkfbsLo 
;j{xf/fqmlGtdf cfPsf] uTofj/f]w / r'gjfª a}7s — #;j{xf/fqmlGtdf cfPsf] uTofj/f]w / r'gjfª a}7s — #;j{xf/fqmlGtdf cfPsf] uTofj/f]w / r'gjfª a}7s — #;j{xf/fqmlGtdf cfPsf] uTofj/f]w / r'gjfª a}7s — #;j{xf/fqmlGtdf cfPsf] uTofj/f]w / r'gjfª a}7s — #
hgo'4 /0fg}lts k|Tofqmd0fsf]bf];|f]jif{ k|j]z ub}{ubf{;DkGg r'gjfË a}7s ljrf/ sfo{lbzsfb[li6n]dfq xf]Og dfcf]n] eg]h:t}
 " 
unity in thinking,policy,plan,command and action"
 
sf b[li6n]klg P]ltxfl;s g}lyof] . g]kfnsf;+;bLo kf6L{x¿nfO{ cfˆgf] :jfy{cg's"n hf]8\g] / tf]8\g] /0fgLltclVtof/ u/]sf b]zL–ljb]zLk|ltlqmofjfbLsf /0fgLltnfO{c;kmnagfpFb};f]rfO{gLlt, of]hgf, sdf08 / sfof{Gjogdf bx|f] Pstf xfl;nu¥of] . dfcf]jfbLsf] Pstf tf]8\gsDd/ s;]/ nfu]sfk|ltlqmofjfbLx¿ dfcf]jfbLsf g]t[Tj k+lQmdf s;}sf] cfjZostfeGbfk|;+;f / k|rf/ tyf s;}sf];Qf];/fk u/]klg o;sf] plrt hjfkm lbP/gofFcfwf/df gofFPstfsf]a}7sdf r"gjfË a}7s kl/0ft eof].cl3Nnf n]vx¿df :ki6kfl/;lsPsf] 5 ls g]kfnL ju{;+3if{df dfn]dfsf ;fj{ef}dl;4fGtnfO{s;/L k|of]u ul/of]eg]/ t klg ykhf]8 lbg sxfF cfjZos5 eg] g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_n] g]kfnL hgjfbL qmflGtdf ljsf; u/]sfdf}lns ljrf/x¿sf]7f]; / d" lt{s/0f ub}{ To;sf] sof{Gjogsf] j}1flgsof]hgfsf] a}7s klg xf], r'gjfËa}7s . ;aeGbf klxn] t];|f]lj:tfl/t a}7saf6 pb\3f6g ePsf]dfS;{jfbdf ljsf;sf] e| "0f PstfdxfwLj]zg, rf}yf]lj:tfl/t a}7s x'Fb}bf];|f] /fli6«o ;Dd]ngdf ljrf/ ;Zn]if0fsf]:yfgdf k'Uof]. oxL bf];|f] /fli6«o ;Dd]ngn] u/]sf] ljrf/;+Zn]if0f -k|r08 ky_ / cufl8;f/]sf] sfo{lbzfsf] Jojxfl/sk|of]usf] k|of]uzfnfsf] ?kdf /x]sf]r'gjfË a}7ssf P]ltxfl;s lg0f{oo'u–o'u;Dd /xg] 5g\ .g]kfndf dfq xf]Og g]kfn aflx/sf æd} x'FÆ eGg]vf6L qmflGtsf/L -dfS;{jfbL_x¿nfO{;d]t sxL st} o:tf];f]r agfpsf]lyPg ls @! cf} F ztfAbLsf ;fd|fHojfbåf/f ;+ul7t/fhtGqx¿ o;/L 9N5g\ eg]/ .cToGt cfZro{sf]36gf t s]eof] eg];+;b\af6 u0ftGqsf]3f]if0ff x'g'/ ;+ljwfg;efsf] klxnf] a}7saf6u0ftGqsf]sfof{Gjog x'g', of]dfq} xf]Og cl3Nnf] ztfAbldf klgqmflGtx¿n] u/]gg\ hf] g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_n] r'gjfª a}7sdfk{mt\u¥of] . /fhtGq;Fu cfGb|f]hf]l8Psf ;+;bjfbLx /fhtGq cGtsf]cleofg;kmn t'Nofpg] r'gjfª a}7s xf] .r'gjfª a}7s g]kfnL ;dfhsf]Tolta]nfsf] cGt/lj/f]wsf];dfwfgsf] a}7s klg xf].P]ltxfl;s r'gjfª a}7snfO{a}7s rNb} ubf{ / ;dfkgdfg]tfx¿sf] d" NofÍg cg'e"lt / efjs:tf] lyof]<k|r08 -cWoIf_– æbf];|f]ljZjo' 4 jl/k/L cfpFbf sDo'lgi6 qmflGtx¿Pskl5 csf]{ ljho xfl;n ub}{uPsf] / dfcf] lhljt}åf/f klgk|ltqmflGt eP . To;df dfcf]s}hgo'4sf /0fgLltx¿ s]xL ;'?d}/s]xL clnkl5 wSsf -pxfFs} zAbdf
(set back)
 
vfg k'u] . 6sL{,lkmlnlkG;, jdf{ / dnfofnoftsfhgo'4 lsg wSsf vfP ;f]Rg]a]nf eof]. ;fd|fHojfbn] cfˆgf /vf}6] ;/sf/dfk{mt\ sfof{Gjog u/fpg]ljlw qmflGtsf/Ln]k|of]u ubf{qmflGt ;kmn x'b}gg\, kl5NnfqmflGtsf/Lx¿n]oxL a'e] mgg\. cfˆgf] xltof/ b'Zdgn]k|of]u ubf{klg yfxf gkfpg'n]olt 7" nf]Ifltkl5 
set
back
x'g k'Uof] . ;fd|fHojfbn]cfˆgf]ljrf/df ljsf; ug{;Sg]t/ dfS;{jfbLx¿n]ljsf; ug{g;Sg] s] lj8Dagf dfn]df s'/fnfO{ gofFprfO{df p7fpg];+sNk ug{;S5f} F. ;fd|fHojfbn]eg]sf] ljrf/ / dfgjlj1fgsf];dflKt eO{d]l;g h:tf]u/]sf]3f]if0ffsf lj?4 dfgjtfsf]lj1fg lhpFb} ePsf] k'li6 ug{;S5f}F< qmflGt
 
Model
df xf]Oglj1fgsf]Iflt k|of]udf x'G5 .efj dGtJodf s= k|r08 Û@)^$ df hgo' 4 ;'? x'g]lyof] t/ePg dnfO{ sf7df8f} Fdf ax; ug] {af}l4s JolQmTjsf] cefj ePsf]dx;'; eof]/ afa'/fdsf]ofb cfof]. clxn];Dd cfo}Ff . afa'/fd;Fusf]Pstf ljrf/sf]dfq}geP/ efjgfsf]klg xf]. hxfF a9L emu8f ul/of]ToxL ;aeGbf a9L ;Nnfx ul/of],Tof]eGbf /fd|f] åGåjfbsf]k|of]u s'gx'g;S5 <s= afa'/fd e§/fO{Ms= afa'/fd e§/fO{ M s= afa'/fd e§/fO{Ms= afa'/fd e§/fO{ M s= afa'/fd e§/fO{M #) cf} F / @% cf}Fjif{sf] lbgdf ;aeGbfv';Lsf]lbg cfh}xf]. o;nfO{ 
greatbigining
 
jf 7"nf] 5nfª eG5'. of]dfn]dfsf]ljrf/df pRr:t/ ljsf;h:tf] nfUof] . olta]nf 7" n} 7"nf]j}rfl/s s]lGb|s/0f eof] . gofFn]lggsf] cfjZostf lyof], Tof]klqmP h:tf] nfUof], ca Tof]7fpFs= k|r08n] k"lt{ ug'{eof] . dslxn]sxLFgkfs]sf] kmn dfUbf]/x]5', s= k|r08df PlG6gf 5 pxfF 6f9fsf]s'/f yfxf kfpg'x'G5 . cfhb]lv s=k|r08df ljno eP .s= afbn Ms= afbn Ms= afbn Ms= afbn Ms= afbn M æ/fhg}ltshLjgsf] ;a}eGbf v';L / k|k'mlNntePsf]5'. cg'e"lt v';L / cfF;'x¿
sflnaxfb'/ dNnsflnaxfb'/ dNnsflnaxfb'/ dNnsflnaxfb'/ dNnsflnaxfb'/ dNn
 
 ax;dfly ax;
P;= Pn= ;L=sf] nAwf° kqsf] d"No slt <P;= Pn= ;L=sf] nAwf° kqsf] d"No slt <P;= Pn= ;L=sf] nAwf° kqsf] d"No slt <P;= Pn= ;L=sf] nAwf° kqsf] d"No slt <P;= Pn= ;L=sf] nAwf° kqsf] d"No slt <
jfudlt c~rn g'jfsf]6 lhNnfj]nsf]6 uflj; j8f g+= & cdf/]lgjf;L :jlu{o xf]dgfy ltjf/Lsf]5f]/f d ljgf]b ltjf/L x"  F. d ;ft jif{sf]5bfFg}d]/f]lktfnfO{b}jn]r'8F  ]/ nof]. clg dnfO{ 6'x'/f]agfof] . lktfsf]lgwg ePkl5 3/sf]cfly{s cj:yf klg /fd|f]ePg . t}klgdftfsf]ldx]gt clg 7" n bfh'sf] ;xof]u / ;b\efj af6 d}n]d]/f] cWoognfO{cl3 a9fPF. d ljxfgj]n'sf 3/df 3fF;, bfp/f, s'6f],sf]bfnf]u/]/ ufpFs}s}nfjlt k|fylds ljBfnoaf6 kfFr sIff kf; ePFclgk'gM ufpFs}>L k~r sGof dfljaf6 d}n] @)^^ ;fnsf] P; Pn ;Lk/LIffsf]lgoldt ;d" xaf6 l;Daf]n g+= )@%@(*& …GÚ af6 ;xefuL ePF.kl/Iff lbPsf]s]xL dlxgfkl5 k/LIffkmn k|sflzt eof]. d bf];|f] >]0fLdf pQL0f{ePsf]va/ 6]lnkmf]g / klqsfaf6 yfxf kfPF. pQL0f{x'bFf Hofb}v';L nfUof] . P; Pn ;Lk/LIffsf]k/LIffkmn k|sflzt ePsf]em08}tLg dlxgf laTg nUbf klgnAwfÍ kq kfpg ;lsg . sn]hdfegf{ug' {kg] {, sn]hdf k9fO{;'? ePsf] b'O{dlxgf lalt;Sof]xfn;Dd k9\g kfPsf]5}g\. nAwfÍ kq gkfpFbf d cGof]ndf k/]sf]5'. d}n]ljBfnodf nAwfÍ kqsf]nflu k6s k6stfs]tf ubf{klg ljBfnon]d]/f]nAwfÍ kq ljBfnon]pknAw u/fPsf]5}g . d}n]ljBfnodf s'g}klg z'Ns ltg{ afFls 5}g\. t}klg ljBfnon]d]/f] nAwfÍ kq lbg dfg]sf]5}g . lsg d]/f]nAwfÍ kq glbg'ePsf] eg]/ ljBfnosf k|WofgfWofks zDe'ltjf/LnfO{;f]Wbf ;/n]xfd|f]:s'nsf] Joj:yfkg ;ldltn]k|lt nAwfÍ kq¿=^)%).– -¿= 5 xhf/ krf;_tf]s]sf]5 eg]/ eGg'eof]. clg ;/n] Tof]/sd e'Stflg u/]/ nAwfÍ kqlnP/ hfg' eGg'eof] . ;/sf/n]ljBfno ;d" bfonfO{x:tf0t/0f u¥of]eGy]cflv/df xf]Og /x]5 . ljBfno t zf]ifs / ;fdGtx¿sf]xftdf kf]lhDdf nufO{Psf]/x]5 . klxnf d]/f] bfO{x¿n]¿= #)) lt/]/ kfpg]pQm nAwfÍ kq d}n]rflxFlsg ¿= ^)%).– ltg'{kg] { < d}n] lzIff lgodfjnLcWoog ug] { cj;/ kfPsf]5}g\. ;fob ToxfFklg x'g'kg] {xf], Pp6f ljBfnon]nAwfÍ kqsf]d" No yf]/}df slt b]lv w]/}df slt;Dd /fVg kfpg] xf]. o;/L ljBfnog}lkR5]km/s km/s d" No x'g]xf]ls ;/sf/n]o;sf] d" No tf]Sg]xf]< To;df klg d}n]t P; Pn ;Lsf]/lh:6«  ];g kmd{eg] { a]nfdf g}nfUg]cfjZos /sd ¿= $%).– a'emfO{;s]sf]5'. olb ;/sf/n]Pp6f nAwfÍ kqsf]d" No olt g}k5{eg]/ egf];\of st} lgod 5 eg]Tof]lgod sxfF5 b]vfO{ lbof];\. cGoyf o:t}9f8}eflFRrg] z'Ns d h:tf ul/a ljBfyL{x¿n]s;/L ltg{;S5g\< o; af/]df d}n] lhNnf lzIff sfof{no g'jfsf]6df uP/ ljBfnon]nAwfÍ kq pknAw u/fpggdfg]sf]af/]df u'gf;f]klg n]vF  ]. pQm u'gf;f]sf]k|ltpQ/df lhNnf lzIff sfof{no g'jfsf]6sf sd{rf/Ld's'Gbs]z/L kf]v/]nn]xfdLn]s]xL ug{ ;Sb}gf} elg hjfkm lbP . o;/LlhDd]jf/ lgsfodf sfd ug] {/fi6«;]js sd{rf/Ln]af]Ng]efiff oxL xf]< hgtfn] lt/]sf]s/af6 hflu/ vfg]n]o:tf] pQ/ lbFbf ljBfnon]b'vfPsf]d]/f] dg emg}b'v]sf]5 . tL sd{rf/Ln] eg]sf]df}lvs pQ/nfO{h:tfsf]To:t} u/L pNn]v ug{rfxG5'. pgL;Fu w]/} ukm eO;s]kl5 pgn]dnfO{Pp6f ;Nnfx lbP Yof] klg Ps hgf/fi6«;]js sd{rf/Lsf]x}l;otn]lt zAb JoQm ug{gldNg]x'g . pgn] ;Nnfx lbFb}eg]/ lhNnf lzIffsfof{no g'jfsf]6s}n]6/ Kof8df Pp6f kq lbP h;df 5fk ;d]t nufO{Psf]lyPg . / pgn]kq lbFb}eg]of]kq lnP/ ljBfnodf hfg'. of]kq kfP/nAwfÍ kq lbP eg]lbO xfn]gq eg];fg]l7dL l:yt kl/Iff lgoGq0f sfof{nouP/ d]/f]nAwfÍ x/fof]eg]/ gofF agfpg';\. tkfO{nfO{;lhnf]x'G5 eg]. of]s:tf];Nnfx xf]< ljBfno k|zf;g s'g}klg xfntdf nAwfÍ lbg tof/5}g . lhNnf lzIffsf sd{rf/L To:tf];Nnfx lbG5g\. d Psbd}dfgl;stgfjdf 5'. d]/f]o; ;d:ofnfO{ ;fdfwfg ul/lbg dfgjclwsf/sdL{,;~rf/sdL{nufot o;;Fu k|ToIf ;/f]sf/ /fVg]lgsfox¿ ;a};Fu d]/f] xflb{s clkn ub{5'. d;Fu s'g}klg s'/f a'‰g'k/]df d]/f]bfh'sf]df]jfO{n g+= (*$!–)^!^^* df ;Dks{ug' { eof]eg]d pkNaw x'g ;S5'. ljgf]b ltjf/Lj]nsf]6–&, cdf/], g'jfsf]6 >L k~r sGof df=lj=a]nsf]6–%, ltufpF, g'jfsf]6 . l;Daf]n g+= )@%@(*& …GÚ;Dks{M (*$! )^!^^*Psfsf/ ePsf 5g\ . To;}n] gofFljlw, ljrf/, gofF;+;f/, gofF g]t[Tj lgdf{0f ePsf] 5 . sd/]8x¿sfdgf]efjgf, a'emfO{, lrGtg /cg'e" ltnfO{ Ph]G8fdf kfP . d}n] Pp6f hljgsf]cWofo l;WofPF /gofF cWofosf]yfngL u/]sf] 5'. ds= nfnWjhdf ljlng ePsf] 5' .d d]/f] ;Dk"0f{ s'/fx¿nfO{dxfgfosdf ;dlk{t ub{5' .s= ljKnj Ms= ljKnj Ms= ljKnj Ms= ljKnj Ms= ljKnj M æk|:tfjn]lhTof]xfdLn]xf¥of} F. s= k|efs/ Ms= k|efs/ Ms= k|efs/ Ms= k|efs/ Ms= k|efs/ M u9a9L gubf{;Dd;dy{g /lx/xg]5 .s= ;fOnf Ms= ;fOnf Ms= ;fOnf Ms= ;fOnf Ms= ;fOnf M ldNg] / gldNg]sf
LCM
h:tf] eof].P]ltxfl;s r'gjfª x/]sb[li6sf]0fn]P]ltxfl;s a}7s xf]. o;n] p7fPsf uDeL/ ;} 4flGts, j}rfl/sPj+ sfo{lbzf, g]t[Tj / ;+u7gsf ljifodf phfu/ u/]sf ljifox¿cToGt}uDeL/ P]ltxfl;s l9nf]rfF8f] o;n]gofFax;sf]dfu u/]sf]5 eGg] s'/f g]t[Tjx¿sf pNn]lvt egfOn] :ki6 ub{5g\. pQm a}7sdf pkl:yt cGo ;a}g]tf sd/]8x¿n]klg /fVg' eP klg gf]6 ug{5'6]sfn];dfj]z ug{ ;lsPg, ;fy} pQm Pp6fP]ltxfl;s a}7sdf cGo dxTjk" 0f{ cfb/0fLo g]tf s= ls/0f, s=uf}/jnufotsf y'k|  }g]tfx¿ ef/tLo h]ndf aGbL /xg'ePsfn]pxfFx¿sf egfO s:tf x'Gy]xf]nf sNkgf ug{ ;lsPg . r'gjfª a}7ssf sdhf]/lx¿ lyPgg\eGg]xf]Og t/ d'Vo?kn] ;sf/fTds / dxTjk" 0f{sfd x'g'n] To;nfO{ToxL 9Ën]x]l/g'kb{5 . o;n] lnPsf P]ltxfl;s lg0f{o / To;sf]P]ltxfl;s pknlAwx¿ sf]/Iff /;+:yfut u/]/ dfq ljifok|ltsf]a'emfOdf ;xLkgf x'g]5 . ;dfKt
 hg u' gf;f]
;'wf/ kq n]Vg]nfO{ sf/afxL ;'wf/ kq n]Vg]nfO{sf/afxL  ;'wf/ kq n]Vg]nfO{sf/afxL ;'wf/ kq n]Vg]nfO{sf/afxL  ;'wf/ kq n]Vg]nfO{ sf/afxL 
sf7df8f} F. /fli6«o dfgj clwsf/ cfof]udf e|i6frf/ ePsf]eGb};'wfg{ cfo'Stx¿nfO{kq n]v]sf]cleof]udf Ps clws[t sf/afxLdf k/]sf 5g\. cfof]usf sfg'g clws[t k|  ]daxfb'/ yfkfnfO{;lrj ljzfn vgfnn]pSt a]gfdL kq n]v]sf] eGb}sf/afxL :j¿k vf]6fª sfhdfv6fPsf x'g . ut ;fpg ! ut]yfkfn]n]v]sf]elgPsf]kqdf cfof]uleq ljleGg ;/;fdfg lsGg]qmddf Jofks e|i6frf/ePsf]/ To;sf];+/If0f ;lrj vgfnn] u/]sf]pNn]v lyof]. cfof]usf lgb] {zs ;" j0f{sdf{rfo{k|zf;sLo clws[t 3gZofd e08f/L, k|zf;g ;xfos hgs e§,n]vfkfn hLt]Gb|sfsL{/ sfof{no ;xfos g]q >]i7n]ldn]dtf]u/L e|i6frf/ x'g] u/]sf]eGb}kqdf vf]hlag u/L sf/afxL ug{  ]cfo'Stx¿nfO{cg'/f]w ul/Psf]lyof] …;lrjn]oL sd{rf/Lx¿nfO{;+/If0f lbg] sfd u/]sf 5g\Ú kqdf pNn]v 5,Ú /fd|f];Fu cg';Gwfg ug] {e|i6 sd{rf/L / ltlgx¿nfO{ ;+/If0f lbg];lrjnfO{sf/afxL ul/of];\Ú Tof]kq kfPkl5 xfdLn]5fglag u bf]ifL b]lvP t'?Gt sf/afxL ug' {k5{eg]/ Pp6f ;ldlt agfpg cWoIfHo" nfO{eg]sf lyof} +Ú cfo'St s]aL /f]sfofn]sflGtk'/;Fu eg] t/ ;lrjn]cfˆg}cWoIftfdf ;ldltagfP/ bf]ifLnfO{xf]Og kq s;n]k7fof] eg]/ kf]5fglag u/]5g\.Ú /f]sfofn] yfkfnfO{o; sf/afxL ug] {dfgjclwsf/sf nflu sfd ug{  ]cfof]us}a]OHhtL ePsf] k|ltlqmof lbP .Ú ca cfof]udf e|i6frf/ eof]eg]/ s;n]af]Ng]<Ú pgn]eg],Ú of] cGofosf]klg xb eof].Ú vgfnn]klg yfkfnfO{sfhdf v6fPsf]:jLsf/]sf 5g\. …pgn]a]gfdL kq k7fpg'kg] {lyPg, v'Nnd v'Nnf eg]sf]eP klg x'GYof]Ú vgfnn]eg] #$ xhf/sf];fdfg lsGbf s]e|i6frf/ x'G5 eGg'xf]; t <Ú kqdf cfof]uleq x'g] e|i6frf/sf]HjnGt pbfx/0f eGb}kl5Nnf] k6s lzz':ofxf/ s]Gb|sf];fdfg vl/b k|s/0fsf]pNn]v ul/Psf]lyof]. yfkfn] cfof]usf]lxtdf af]Nbf pN6}cfkm" dfly cGofo ul/Psf]atfP . …clgoldttfsf]lj/f]wdf cfjfh p7fPsf]lyPFÚ pgn]eg] t/ d}dfly sf/afxL eof].Ú cfk"  mnfO{ sfhdf v6fPotf dlxgf lbg lat]sf]/cfk"  m sfof{no guPsf]yfkfn]atfP . /fd|f]sfd ubf{g/fd|f]kl/0ffd ef]Ug'k/]sfn] cfk"  m sfd ug{  ]dgl:yltdf gePsf]eGb} /fhLgfdf lbg]larf/df ePsf]yfkfsf]k|ltlqmof lyof].
-n]vsPsLs[tg]skfdfcf]fjbLsf s]Gb|  Lo;b:oPj+;ef;bx'g'x'G5._
 
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3
5 . oyfl:yltdf d'n'snfO{c9fO/fVg] sf]l;; ug' {eg]sf]k|s[ltsf]lgodsf] lj?4sf]s'/f xf].
 
k|s[lt slxNo}klg oyfl:yltdf /xFb}g . k|s[lt ultjfg\5, kl/jt+jgzLn 5 . ;fdflhs, /fhgLltsljsf; x/]s tj/n] ultjfg\ x'G5 .;fdflhs / /fhgLlts ult;Fu}cufl8a9\g'k5{eGg]df xfd|f]kf6L{leq Psdt 5 . g]kfnL hgtfsf xhf/f}F xhf/5f]/f5f]/Lsf]alnbfgLaf6 k|fKt ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf]of]cj;/nfO{;'lglZrt ug{ cu|ufdL ;+ljwfg aGg'k5{eGg]s'/fdf klg xfd\f]kf6L{leq s'g}ljdlt 5}g . :jf:Yo, lzIff, /f]huf/Lsf]Uof/]G6L, n}lËs e]bsf] cGTo, cNk;+Vos /ax';+VosaLrsf]cGt/lj/f]wsf]cGTo, If]qLo c;dfgtfsf] cGTo, j}b]lzsx:tIf]ksf]cGTo x'g]vfnsf]gofF;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{g]kfnL hgtfn]kfpg'kb{5 . /fHon]ca aGg]gofF;+ljwfgdf lzIff, :jf:Yo, /f]huf/sf]k" 0f{Uof/]G6L ug' {k5{. g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ dfGo x'g] vfnsf];+ljwfg aGg] xf] eg] d'n's;xdltsf]cfwf/df cufl8 a9\5 .;fdflhs, cfly{s?kdf ;dfgtf lbg]clwsf/ ;+ljwfgn] Uof/]G6L ug'{k5{. o:tf]vfnsf];+ljwfg aGg]jftfj/0f aGof] eg] xfdL ;xdlts} cfwf/dfcufl8 a9\g'k5{/ g]kfndf :yfoL zflGt sfod ug' {k5{.
olb 
;fdflhs cfly{s,;f+:s[lts ?kfGt/0f x'g]vfnsf];+ljwfg ag]g eg]gofF9Ën]cufl8 a9\g'k5{. d o; klqsfdfkm{t\ eGg rfxG5',clxn];Dd ;+ljwfg;efsf]a}7s a;]s} 5}g .
 
clxn];/sf/n]/fhLgfdf lbPsf]cj:yf 5 . clxn]Joj:yflksf ;+;b\sf] a}7s s;nfO{k|wfgdGqL agfpg]eGg] ljifodf dfq al;/x]sf]5 . /fi6«/ hgtfsf];/sf/sf]ljifodf 5nkmnug{sf]nflu ;+ljwfg;efsf]a}7s a;]sf] 5}g .
 
cu|ufdL ;+ljwfg aGg glbgljz]ifu/L ef/tLo lj:tf/jfbsf]gfËf]x:tIf]k 5 . pm g]kfndf ;+ljwfg aGg glbg]kIfdf 5 . g]kfndf ;+ljwfg aGof] eg]:yfloTj x'G5, h;n]ubf{g]kfn ljsl;t x'G5 . ef/t g]kfnsf]k|ult u/]sf]x]g} {rfxFb}g . oxfFsf /fhgLlts bn klg ef/tsf] kl5 nfU5g\ eg]g]kfnnfO{ ;w}F k/lge{/tfsf] ?kdf/lx/xg]lbg s'g}klg xfntdf xfd|f] kf6L{tof/ 5}g .
 
To:tf]l:yltdf s'g}klg kl/l:yltdf hfg'sf]ljsNk /xGg .Tof] ljsNk eg]sf] g]kfnL hgtfn]ufpFufpF, a:tLa:tLaf6 ug] {gofF9Ësf] hgcfGbf]ng g}xf].
)))))cgldgsf]Dofb clGtd k6ssf]cgldgsf] Dofb clGtd k6ssf]cgldgsf]Dofb clGtd k6ssf]cgldgsf] Dofb clGtd k6ssf]cgldgsf]Dofb clGtd k6ssf] nflu rf/ dlxgf yk ePsf]nflu rf/ dlxgf yk ePsf]nflu rf/ dlxgf yk ePsf]nflu rf/ dlxgf yk ePsf]nflu rf/ dlxgf yk ePsf]5, of]rf/ dlxgfleq tkfO{+x¿n]5, of]rf/ dlxgfleq tkfO{ +x¿n] 5, of]rf/ dlxgfleq tkfO{+x¿n]5, of]rf/ dlxgfleq tkfO{ +x¿n] 5, of]rf/ dlxgfleq tkfO{+x¿n];]gf ;dfof]hgsf] ljifo;]gf ;dfof]hgsf] ljifo;]gf ;dfof]hgsf] ljifo;]gf ;dfof]hgsf] ljifo;]gf ;dfof]hgsf] ljifo6'Ëofpg ;Sg'x'G5 <6'Ëofpg ;Sg'x'G5 <6'Ëofpg ;Sg'x'G5 <6'Ëofpg ;Sg'x'G5 <6'Ëofpg ;Sg'x'G5 <
;]gf ;dfof]hg w]/}klxnf ubf{klg x'GYof], klxnf ;dfof]hg x'g g;s]sf] cj:yfdf ca Kofs]hdf ;]gf ;dfof]hg ug' {k5{eGg]d]/f]egfO xf]. ca aGg]gofF ;+ljwfgn]s:tf]vfnsf];}lgs ;+/rgfsf] kl/sNkgf u5{, Tof]cfwf/df ;]gf ;dfo]hg
)))));ft–;ft k6ssf] gLjf{rgaf6;ft–;ft k6ssf] gLjf{rgaf6;ft–;ft k6ssf] gLjf{rgaf6;ft–;ft k6ssf] gLjf{rgaf6;ft–;ft k6ssf] gLjf{rgaf6klg d'n'sn] k|wfgdGqL kfpgklg d'n'sn] k|wfgdGqL kfpgklg d'n'sn] k|wfgdGqL kfpgklg d'n'sn] k|wfgdGqL kfpgklg d'n'sn] k|wfgdGqL kfpg;s]g, ca s;/L cufl8;s]g, ca s;/L cufl8;s]g, ca s;/L cufl8;s]g, ca s;/L cufl8;s]g, ca s;/L cufl8a9\g'x'G5 <a9\g'x'G5 <a9\g'x'G5 <a9\g'x'G5 <a9\g'x'G5 <
g]kfnnfO{:jfwLg /fi6«agfpg]xf], ljb]zL x:tIf]kaf6 d'Qm u/fpg] xf],;d[ 4zfnL g]kfn agfpg]nIo /fVg]xf] eg] To;nfO{ sfof{Gjog ug{;xdltsf]ljsNk 5}g . g]kfn b'O{lt/ /x]sf 7" nf /fi6«x¿aLrsf]e" kl/j]li7t d'n's xf] . o:tf] cj:yfdf xfdLn]g]kfnnfO{x]g] {b[  ]li6sf]0fdf kl/jt{g ug{ h?/L 5 . ef/t;Fu xfd|f]tLglt/sf] v'nf ;Ldfgf /x]sf] 5 . ef/tLocltqmd0f k|To]s lbg a9\bf] 5 .g]kfnsf]/fli6«o cy{tGqnfO{;a}eGbf k|efj kfg]{ ef/tLo kIf g} xf] .To;sf/0f g]kfnsf]cytGqnfO{ alnof]gagfO{ g]kfnLsf]cfly{s ;d[l4 x'g ;Sb}g . cfly{s ;d[l4 x'g'sf] nflu bnx¿aLr ;xdltsf] ljsNk 5}g .d'n'ssf] ;Dk"0f{ ;d:ofsf] d;fwfg;xdltsf]cfwf/df lgsfNg'k5{.
)))))eg]kl5, tkfO{x¿ ;xdltsf]eg]kl5, tkfO{x¿ ;xdltsf]eg]kl5, tkfO{x¿ ;xdltsf]eg]kl5, tkfO{x¿ ;xdltsf]eg]kl5, tkfO{x¿ ;xdltsf]nflu k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/Lnflu k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/Lnflu k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/Lnflu k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/Lnflu k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/L lkmtf{ lng klg tof/ x'g'x'G5 < lkmtf{lng klg tof/ x'g'x'G5 <  lkmtf{ lng klg tof/ x'g'x'G5 < lkmtf{lng klg tof/ x'g'x'G5 <  lkmtf{ lng klg tof/ x'g'x'G5 <
b]znfO{clg0f{osf]aGbL agfO/fVg' x'Fb}g . To;sf]nflu b'j}pDd]bjf/n] pDd]bjf/L lkmtf{lnP/ h'g JolQmsf] gfddf ;xdlt x'G5, To;/L g}cufl8a9f} Feg]/ xfd|f] kf6L{n]lg0f{o u¥of]. To;kl5 xfd|f]kf6L{sf]tkm{af6 cWoIf k|r08n]o:tf]k|:tfj /fdrGb|kf}8]n;Fu /fVg'eof] . t/, g]kfnL sfFu|];n]pDd]bjf/L lkmtf{lng rfx]g . To;df klg ljz]ifu/L /fdrGb| kf}8]nn]dfGg'ePg . To;sf/0f ;xdltlagfpDd]bjf/L lkmtf{lng'sf]s'g}cf}lrTo xf]nfh:tf]dnfO{nfUb}g .
)))))dfwjs'df/ g]kfn g]t[Tjsf]dfwjs'df/ g]kfn g]t[Tjsf]dfwjs'df/ g]kfn g]t[Tjsf]dfwjs'df/ g]kfn g]t[Tjsf]dfwjs'df/ g]kfn g]t[Tjsf]u7aGwg ;/sf/n] /fhLgfdfu7aGwg ;/sf/n] /fhLgfdfu7aGwg ;/sf/n] /fhLgfdfu7aGwg ;/sf/n] /fhLgfdfu7aGwg ;/sf/n] /fhLgfdf lbPsf] c9fO{ dlxgf lalt;Sof], lbPsf] c9fO{ dlxgf lalt;Sof], lbPsf] c9fO{ dlxgf lalt;Sof], lbPsf] c9fO{ dlxgf lalt;Sof], lbPsf] c9fO{ dlxgf lalt;Sof],sfd rnfpsf] x}l;otdf /x]sf]sfd rnfpsf] x}l;otdf /x]sf]sfd rnfpsf] x}l;otdf /x]sf]sfd rnfpsf] x}l;otdf /x]sf]sfd rnfpsf] x}l;otdf /x]sf]jt{dfg ;/sf/n] ljleGgjt{dfg ;/sf/n] ljleGgjt{dfg ;/sf/n] ljleGgjt{dfg ;/sf/n] ljleGgjt{dfg ;/sf/n] ljleGgj}wflgs sfdsf/jfxL yfn]sf]j}wflgs sfdsf/jfxL yfn]sf]j}wflgs sfdsf/jfxL yfn]sf]j}wflgs sfdsf/jfxL yfn]sf]j}wflgs sfdsf/jfxL yfn]sf]5, p;sf] ;lqmotf x]bf{ st}5, p;sf] ;lqmotf x]bf{ st}5, p;sf] ;lqmotf x]bf{ st}5, p;sf] ;lqmotf x]bf{ st}5, p;sf] ;lqmotf x]bf{ st}oxL sfd rnfp ;/sf/n]oxL sfd rnfp ;/sf/n]oxL sfd rnfp ;/sf/n]oxL sfd rnfp ;/sf/n]oxL sfd rnfp ;/sf/n] lg/Gt/tf kfpg] t xf]Og < lg/Gt/tf kfpg] t xf]Og < lg/Gt/tf kfpg] t xf]Og < lg/Gt/tf kfpg] t xf]Og < lg/Gt/tf kfpg] t xf]Og <
ljlwsf]zf;gsf]kIfdf jsfnt ug] { /fhgLlts bnx¿n]uDeL/ eP/ ;f]Rg'k5{, /fhLgfdf lb;s]sf];/sf/n]j}wflgstf kfO/xG5 eGg]ljlw sxLF, st}5 ls 5}g < olta]nf ljlwsf]zf;g eg]/ lrRofpg] bnx¿n];f]Rg}kb{5 . ljlwsf]zf;gsf]s'/f klg ug] {clg sfd rnfpsf]x}l;otdf /x]sf];/sf/n]x/]s s'/fnfO{j}wflgstfsf] vf]hL ug{  ]h'g k|of; eO/x]sf]5, of]cfkm}df cGt/lj/f]wL s'/f xf]. xfdLn]klxNo}b]lv g} k'/fgf ljrf/x¿ yf]qL ;s]sf]eGb}cfPsf lyof} F, Tof]clxn]cfP/ k'li6 ePsf]5 . ;+;bLo Joj:yfsf]cGt/f{li6«o d" No / dfGotfnfO{wHhL p8fpFb}jt{dfg sfd rnfp ;/sf/n]cfˆgf]sfdsf/jfxL cufl8a9fO/x]sf]5 . o;f]ug' {eg]sf];+;bLo Joj:yfsf]lvNnL p8fpg'xf]. clxn] ;+;b\df cy{ljwos k|:t't ug] {, /fi6«;+3sf] dxf;efdf efu lng hfg]h'g s'/fx¿ aflx/ cfPsf 5g\, To;af/]of]sfd rnfp ;/sf/n]s'g}lg0f{o ug{ldNb}g . /fi6«;+3sf] dxf;efdf g]kfnh:tf]ul/a /fi6«af6 efu lng hfg]eg]sf]tLghgf dfq xf] . /fi6«;+3n]xfd|f]b]z ul/a eg]/ tLghgfsf] nflu sf]6f /fv]sf]5 . o; sf]6fsf]nflu nfUg];Dk" 0f{vr{/fi6«;+3n]a]xf]5{. xfdLn] /fi6«;+3sf] dxf;ef;df efu lngtLghgfeGbf a9L k7fpg'x'Gg . To;dfb'O{hgf g]kfn ;/sf/sf sd{rf/L / Pshgf ;+;b\df k|ltlglwTj ug] {s'g}Pshgf ;+;bLo bnsf]g]tfnfO{k7fOlbP x'G5 . ;+;b\sf] :jLs[ltlagf s'g}klg cfly{s ljwos ;+;b\df k|:t't x' Fb}g . cy{ljwos clxNo}s} tl/sfn]kf; ug] {xf]eg]dlGqkl/ifb\clt lg/ª\s'z x'G5 . To;df klg cy{dGqL t dxflg/ª\s'z g}aGg ;S5g\t/ ljwos ;+;b\df k|j]z gu/L ;+;f/df sxLFklg cufl8 a9\b}g . o;/L ljwos NofpFbf dGqLx¿n]klg uDeL/ eP/ ;f]Rg'k5{.
)))));/sf/sf] sfo{z}nL x]bf{;/sf/sf] sfo{z}nL x]bf{;/sf/sf] sfo{z}nL x]bf{;/sf/sf] sfo{z}nL x]bf{;/sf/sf] sfo{z}nL x]bf{tkfO{+x¿ clxn] rln/x]sf]tkfO{+x¿ clxn] rln/x]sf]tkfO{+x¿ clxn] rln/x]sf]tkfO{+x¿ clxn] rln/x]sf]tkfO{+x¿ clxn] rln/x]sf];+;bLo Joj:yf c;kmn eof];+;bLo Joj:yf c;kmn eof];+;bLo Joj:yf c;kmn eof];+;bLo Joj:yf c;kmn eof];+;bLo Joj:yf c;kmn eof]eGb} x'g'x'G5 . ca tkfO{+x¿n]eGb} x'g'x'G5 . ca tkfO{+x¿n]eGb} x'g'x'G5 . ca tkfO{+x¿n]eGb} x'g'x'G5 . ca tkfO{+x¿n]eGb} x'g'x'G5 . ca tkfO{+x¿n]oL ;a} k|lqmof tf]8]/ gofFoL ;a} k|lqmof tf]8]/ gofFoL ;a} k|lqmof tf]8]/ gofFoL ;a} k|lqmof tf]8]/ gofFoL ;a} k|lqmof tf]8]/ gofFdf]8tkm{ hfg]af/] ;f] lr/xg'ePsf]df]8tkm{ hfg]af/];f]lr/xg'ePsf] df]8tkm{ hfg]af/] ;f]lr/xg'ePsf]df]8tkm{ hfg]af/] ;f]lr/xg'ePsf]df]8tkm{ hfg]af/] ;f]lr/xg'ePsf]t 5}g <t 5}g <t 5}g <t 5}g <t 5}g <
lxhf]/fhtGq lyof], clxn]u0ftGq 5 . u0ftGq eg]sf]lxhf]sf]t'ngfdf gofF g}xf]. u0ftGqleq klg g]kfnLhgtfn]cu|ufdL 5nfª rfx]sf 5g\ .cu|ufdL 5nfª gu/L g]kfn :jfwLg/fi6«aGb}g eGg]s'/f g]kfnL hgtfsf] dgdgdf 5 . d'n'snfO{ :jfwLgagfpg]lbzfdf d'n's :jefljs ?kdfcufl8 hfG5 . s;}n]5]s]/ of]k|lqmof 5]lsGg . d'n'sdf c;dfgtf Hofb}a9]sf] 5 . /fli6«o ;xdltsf] cfwf/dfcfly{s, ;fdflhs ;f+:s[lts ?kfGt/0fug{;Sof} Feg]dfq d'n'sdf /fhgLlts l:ty/tf x'G5 . /fli6«o ;xdltlagf/fhgLlts l:y/tf ;Dej 5}g . hxfF/fhgLlts cl:y/tf x'G5, ToxfF ljb]zLrnv]n Hofbf x'g]ub{5 .
ha ljb]zL rnv]n a9\5, ta 
/fli6«o :jfwLgtfu'D5, o:tf]s'/f ga'‰g]s]xL /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfb]lv dnfO{b'Mv nfU5 .
)))))tkfO{+n] ;xdltaf6 cufl8 a9]tkfO{+n] ;xdltaf6 cufl8 a9]tkfO{+n] ;xdltaf6 cufl8 a9]tkfO{+n] ;xdltaf6 cufl8 a9]tkfO{+n] ;xdltaf6 cufl8 a9]d'n'sn] lgsf; kfpF5 eGg' ef]d'n'sn] lgsf; kfpF5 eGg' ef]d'n'sn] lgsf; kfpF5 eGg' ef]d'n'sn] lgsf; kfpF5 eGg' ef]d'n'sn] lgsf; kfpF5 eGg' ef]t/ tkfO{+s} kf6L{leq ;xdltt/ tkfO{+s} kf6L{leq ;xdltt/ tkfO{+s} kf6L{leq ;xdltt/ tkfO{+s} kf6L{leq ;xdltt/ tkfO{+s} kf6L{leq ;xdltug]{ of gug]{aLr rsf]{ ljjfb ug]{ of gug]{aLr rsf]{ ljjfb ug]{ of gug]{aLr rsf]{ ljjfb ug]{ of gug]{aLr rsf]{ ljjfb ug]{ of gug]{aLr rsf]{ ljjfb  l;h{gf ePsf] 5 elgG5 lg < l;h{gf ePsf] 5 elgG5 lg < l;h{gf ePsf] 5 elgG5 lg < l;h{gf ePsf] 5 elgG5 lg < l;h{gf ePsf] 5 elgG5 lg <
xfd|f] kf6L{leq hlxn] klgoyfl:yltdf /x]/ d'n'sn]cu|ufdL k|fKt ug{;Sb}g eGg]dfGotfdf ;a}sf]Psdt
;ftfsf] s'/fsfgL ;ftfsf] s'/fsfgL ;ftfsf] s'/fsfgL ;ftfsf] s'/fsfgL ;ftfsf] s'/fsfgL 
o:tf] s'/f ga'‰g] s]xL /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfb]lv dnfO{ b'Mv nfU5 . 
oxf“ sf /fhgLlts bn klg ef/tsf] kl5 nfU5g\eg] g] kfnnfO{ ;w}  k/lge{ /tfsf] ?kdf /lx/xg] lbg s'g} klg xfntdf xfd|f] kf6L{ tof/  5} g
pRr vfnsf] g} ltstf :yflkt ug]  { p2] Zon] sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ hGd] sf] xf]  xfdLn] ljb] zL;Fu ;/sf/ u7gsf] nflu k} ;f dfUg] s'/fsf] t sNkgf;Dd  klg ug{ ;Sb} gfF . 
g]kfnn]k|ult u/]sf]x]g{g]kfnn]k|ult u/]sf]x]g{ g]kfnn]k|ult u/]sf]x]g{g]kfnn]k|ult u/]sf]x]g{ g]kfnn]k|ult u/]sf] x]g{ ef/t rfx“b}gef/t rfx“b}gef/t rfx“b}gef/t rfx“b}gef/t rfx“b}g
clds z]/rg,clds z]/rg,clds z]/rg,clds z]/rg,clds z]/rg,
 
:yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o, P= g]skf dfcf]jfbL
g]kfnnfO{:jfwLg /fi6«agfpg]xf], ljb]zL x:tIf]kaf6 d'Qmu/fpg]xf], ;d[4zfnL g]kfn agfpg] nIo /fVg]xf]eg]To;nfO{sfof{Gjog ug{
 ;xdltsf]  ljsNk 5}  g.

cyljwos clxNo}s}tl/sfn]kf; ug] { xf]eg] dlGqkl/ifb\clt lg/ª\s'z x'G5. To;df klg  cy{ dGqL t dxflg/ª\s'z g}aGg ;S5g\

j1fg / k|ljlwsf] ljsf;n] ubf{ hf] s;} sf]  rl/q xTof ug{ ;xh ePsf] 5 . of] eg] sf]  k|ljlwsf] gsf/fTds k|of] u xf] 
ug' {k5{. clxn];]gf, ;dfof]hg ug] {kl5  cs} {vfnsf];}lgs ;+/rgf ;+ljwfgdf n]lvof]eg];dfof]hgsf]s'g}cy{/xGg . To;sf/0f ;+ljwfgsf]3f]if0ff / ;]gf ;dfof]hg Ps}rf]l6 ug' {k5{. /fhgLlts OR5fzlQm x'g]xf]eg]rf/ dlxgf xf]Og, To;eGbf cufl8 g}klg ;]gf ;dfof]hg ug{;lsG5 .
)))))k"j{ /fhfn] clxNo} cfˆgf]k"j{ /fhfn] clxNo} cfˆgf]k"j{ /fhfn] clxNo} cfˆgf]k"j{ /fhfn] clxNo} cfˆgf]k"j{ /fhfn] clxNo} cfˆgf] lqmofzLntf a9fO/x]sf 5g\, lqmofzLntf a9fO/x]sf 5g\, lqmofzLntf a9fO/x]sf 5g\, lqmofzLntf a9fO/x]sf 5g\, lqmofzLntf a9fO/x]sf 5g\,o; ljifodf s] eGg'x'G5 <o; ljifodf s] eGg'x'G5 <o; ljifodf s] eGg'x'G5 <o; ljifodf s] eGg'x'G5 <o; ljifodf s] eGg'x'G5 <
k" j{/fhfsf]x}l;otn]k'gM /fhtGq kms{G5 eg]/ sNkgf ug'{ g]kfnsf]sflnu08sL, gf/fo0f, sf]zL, dxfsfnL,s0ff{nL ef/tsf]agf/;df k'u]/ km]l/ ;u/dfyfdf cfOk'U5 eGg]sNkgf h:t}xf]. o:tf]sNkgf slxNo}k" /f x' Fb}g .
))))) lrlgofF JolQm / s[i0faxfb'/ lrlgofF JolQm / s[i0faxfb'/ lrlgofF JolQm / s[i0faxfb'/ lrlgofF JolQm / s[i0faxfb'/ lrlgofF JolQm / s[i0faxfb'/dx/faLr ePsf] elgPsf]dx/faLr ePsf] elgPsf]dx/faLr ePsf] elgPsf]dx/faLr ePsf] elgPsf]dx/faLr ePsf] elgPsf]6]lnkmf]g s'/fsfgLsf] ;Totf6]lnkmf]g s'/fsfgLsf] ;Totf6]lnkmf]g s'/fsfgLsf] ;Totf6]lnkmf]g s'/fsfgLsf] ;Totf6]lnkmf]g s'/fsfgLsf] ;Totfs] xf] atfOlbg';\ g <s] xf] atfOlbg';\ g <s] xf] atfOlbg';\ g <s] xf] atfOlbg';\ g <s] xf] atfOlbg';\ g <
clxn]6]k k|s/0f eGg]efiff h'g k|of]u eO/x]sf]of];Fu d c;xdt 5'. Tof]6]k sxfF5 Tof];fj{hlgs x'g'k¥of]. Tof]6]k sxfF5, sxfFs;}n]k|:t't ug{ g;Sg]clg 6]k k|s/0f elglbg]< h] cfjfh ef/tsf]lbNnLaf6 k|;f/0f x'g] g]kfnL efiffsf]6]lnlehg g]kfn jfg\n] k|;f/0f u¥of], Tof]s'/f k|dfl0ft x'g'k¥of] ljleGg ;dodf af]lnPsf cfjfhldnfP/ k|ljlwsf]k|of]udfkm{Pt\h:tf] klg agfpg ;lsG5 . lj1fg /k|ljlwsf] ljsf;n]ubf{ hf]s;}sf]rl/q xTof ug{ ;xh ePsf] 5 . of]eg]sf]k|ljlwsf]gsf/fTds k|of]u xf].
 
d}n]cl:t ev{/} Pp6f OG6/g]6dfemngfyhLsf] af/]df agfOPsf]gsf/fTds sf6'{g x]/]sf]lyPF . o;/L k|ljlwsf] k|of]u u/]/ h]klg agfpg ;lsG5 . dx/fhL / lrlgofF JolQmaLrePsf]elgPsf] slyt 6]k k|s/0fdf s'g} ;Totf 5}g . of] k|ljlwsf]b'?kof]u xf].
 
kf6L{leq lrlgofF;Fu k};f dfUg]ljifodf sxLFst}5nkmn ePs}5}g . Tof] xfd|f] kf6L{sf] gLlt, l;4fGtsf]lvnfkmdf 5 . xfdL lj1fg dfS;{jfbdfljZjf; ug] {kf6L{xf} F. d}n] sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf];b:otf lnPsf]PsfGg jif{ nflu;Sof] . d o;aLrdfpkk|wfgdGqL;Dd ePF . d hgtfnfO{ljZjf; u5' {. d}n]s'g}JolQmut ;'/Iffsf] nflu ;'/Iff 6f]nL dfu ul/g, ;/sf/n]lbPsf]klg kmsf{OlbPF. pRr vfnsf] g}ltstf :yflkt ug] {p2]Zon]sDo'lg:6 kf6L{hGd]sf]xf]. xfdLn]ljb]zL;Fu ;/sf/ u7gsf]nflu k};f dfUg] s'/fsf] tsNkgf;Dd klg ug{;Sb}gf} F. o;cl3 kmf]/dnfO{k' m6fpg s/f]8f} Fk};f stfaf6 cfof]. Tof]a]nf lsg 6]k k|s/0f ePg . u/]sf]eP xfdL klg cfjfh hf]8\g ;SYof} F lg . xfd|f]g}ltstfn]To;f]ug{lbb}g . To;sf/0f dx/f / lrlgofFclwsf/LaLrePsf]elgPsf]slyt 6]lnkmf]g jftf{ k|ljlwsf]b'?kof]u u/]/ agfOPsf]xf]. o;df s'g};Totf 5}g .
)))))tkfO{+sf] kf6L{sf] PshgftkfO{+sf] kf6L{sf] PshgftkfO{+sf] kf6L{sf] PshgftkfO{+sf] kf6L{sf] PshgftkfO{+sf] kf6L{sf] Pshgf;ef;b\nfO{ xfn} ;jf]{Rr;ef;b\nfO{ xfn} ;jf]{Rr;ef;b\nfO{ xfn} ;jf]{Rr;ef;b\nfO{ xfn} ;jf]{Rr;ef;b\nfO{ xfn} ;jf]{Rrcbfntn] ;j{Zj;lxtcbfntn] ;j{Zj;lxtcbfntn] ;j{Zj;lxtcbfntn] ;j{Zj;lxtcbfntn] ;j{Zj;lxthGds}bsf] km};nf ;'gfPsf] 5hGds}bsf] km};nf ;'gfPsf] 5hGds}bsf] km};nf ;'gfPsf] 5hGds}bsf] km};nf ;'gfPsf] 5hGds}bsf] km};nf ;'gfPsf] 5 lg o; ljifodf s] eGg'x'G5 < lg o; ljifodf s] eGg'x'G5 < lg o; ljifodf s] eGg'x'G5 < lg o; ljifodf s] eGg'x'G5 < lg o; ljifodf s] eGg'x'G5 <
of] 7"nf] if8\oGq xf] .zflGt;Demf}tfsf]pNn+3g x'g] u/L of] lg0f{o ul/Psf]5 . zflGt;Demf}tf ubf{ xfdLn]To;eGbf cl3sf ;Dk" 0f{d'2fx¿ lkmtf{ ug]{ ;xdlt u/]sf 5f}F .zflGt;Demf}tfcl3sf s'g}klg d'2fdf /x]/ s;}nfO{klg ;hfo lbg gldNg] ;xdlt lj:t[t zflGt;Demf}tf ubf{:ki6?kdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . of]cg}lts sfd ;/sf/af6 ePsf]5 .;/sf/n] of]] d'2f tTsfn lkmtf{lng'k5{.
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xfd|f]kf6L{leq o; ljifodf s'g} 5nkmn rn]sf]5}g . /fi6«kltnfO{d'2f lkmtf{lng] s'g}clwsf/ g}5}g . d'2f lkmtf{ lng] sfd ;/sf/n] ug] { xf] ./fi6«klt t ;]/]df]lgon x'g\. /fi6«kltn] sfo{sf/L clwsf/ k|fKt u/]sf 5}gg\. olb pgn]sfo{sf/L e" ldsf b]vfP eg] b'?kof]u u/]sf] x'G5 . /fi6«kltn]sfo{sf/L clwsf/ vf]Hof] eg] pgLcg}lts 7x5{g\.
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