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Anatomy, Lecture 2, Joints (Lecture Notes)

Anatomy, Lecture 2, Joints (Lecture Notes)

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Published by Ali Hassan Al-Qudsi
Anatomy, Lecture 2, Joints (Lecture Notes)
Anatomy, Lecture 2, Joints (Lecture Notes)

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Published by: Ali Hassan Al-Qudsi on Oct 03, 2010
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01/17/2012

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ميحرلا نحرلا ا مسب In the last lecture we start talking about joints and we said we have 3 types of them based on the type of tissue that comes btw the bones1-fibrous joints 2-cartigenous joints  3-synovial joints Synovial joints : they designed to allow 3 movements and we call it synovial bczthere is synovial membrane that separate the two bones and it is lining besynovial tissue which secret fluid for lubrication ;so the structure of the join itself allow it to do the 3 movements but the movements are affected by other external factors (external to the joint not to the body) which are:1-the shape of the bone2-adjacent anatomical structures like your thigh joint it's designed to allow 3movements but the banding (amount of hyaline and how fit you are that limit theamount of joint flexibility3- pressence of fibrous ligament Now I'm going to talk about different types of synovial joints which havedifferent degrees of freedoms regarding movements 1- plane joint: the bone are articulating with each other and have flat surface(sternoclavicular as an example) and we will cover that when we talk about thethoracic wall.You see that the articulating bones are flat and as you see the bone are flat andthere is no movement so we have what we call it (synovial membrane(2-Hinge joints: if you look at the door the joint btw the door and the wall ishinge one so it just allow 2 movements flexion and extension By the joints we will talked about the one that found btw the 1
st
and 2ed cervicalvertebra.The vertebral column is made up of different vertebrae and usually name them byc1; c2; c3 etc as cervical bones and T1; T2; T3 for the thoracic one.But the first 2 have special names
2
 
ميحرلا نحرلا ا مسب 1
st
=atlas 2end =axisAxis has process we call it( odontoid process) which articulate with a ring that’smade of bone structure which is part of the vertebra and ligament so together they make a ring which articulate with this process.So which type of movement can this joint do? Only rotation.The rest of the joints(condyloid ;ellipsoid saddle and ball-and-socket joints) eachone of them has special categories that allow them to do special type of movement.)DR said :I will leave this for you to study it from your text book (Stability of joints:What do you think stability of joint mean?Articulating bones some times by accident or by aging they dislocate and fall.The bones that were together they get separated so the resistant of the joint tothis thing call (joints stability)and it depends on 3 factors:1-shape of the articulate surface : many joints the synovial one as an examplewe have convex and concave shape come together and here the deeper concavesurface the more stable one.For example the joint btw your thigh and your hip its very deep it looks like a ball and socket so its very stable joint if you compare it with the shoulder joint;for Example the socket is very shallow so we here a lot about shoulder dislocationmore than hip dislocation.2-concave and convex depth ; that’s mean when they were deep they could bemore stable than if they were shallow and good example of that is the hip andshoulder joints.The ligament:
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