orrect lighting has longbeen identified as acrucial factor for healthand safety at work. The mes-sage that every lighting crite-rion needs to be duly consi-dered in the design of a plantor facility is communicated ina variety of ways. But atten-tion generally focuses on inte-riors. It is often forgotten thata considerable amount of work is performed outdoors –at workplaces with no orinsufficient natural lighting.Outdoor workplace lightingneeds to meet specific requi-rements – requirements thatdiffer from those of both clas-sical interior lighting and roadlighting. The issue of goodlighting for outdoor workpla-ces merits special attention atpresent because new stipula-tions have been developedto take account of technolo-gical advances, occupationalmedicine, hygiene and theresults of other occupationalresearch. These requirementsare set out in BGR 131, therule for "Natural and artificialworkplace lighting" developedby the institutions responsiblefor statutory accident insuranceand prevention in Germany. Aimed at employers, designersand constructors, it providespointers on the lighting re-quired for workplaces outsidebuildings.BGR 131 focuses on thehealth and safety of employeesat work and sets out require-ments for those two areas.It does not look at what isneeded to meet visualphysiological and production-related requirements. Theseissues are addressed in thedraft European standard DINEN 12464-2, which definesthe standards that need to beobserved in practice to meetthe visual comfort and visualperformance requirements of most outdoor workplaces. There is thus a clear dividingline between the Europeanstandard and the BG rule.
Dipl.-Ing. Gerold Soestmeyer
Chairman of the "Lighting, light and colour" working group of theexpert committee looking at"Impacts and work-related health hazards" for the BG Central Office for Safety and Health.
Ensuring that lighting meetsall health and safety require-ments is an attainable goalfor any company.Compliance with rules andstandards aside, energy effi-ciency is an important invest-ment criterion. Technicallysophisticated lamps andluminaires offer a grat deal of scope for optimizing lightinginstallations from an ergono-mic, economic and environ-mental viewpoint.Some of that scope is createdby lighting management sys-tems, which are now availablenot only for indoor lighting butalso for outdoor installations.I hope this licht.de booklet willbe widely read and receivedwith interest by all thoseresponsible for good lighting.