OUTDOOR EXHIBITSMUSEUM SHOPCAFETERIAOFFICEWORKSHOPSTORAGE ROOMS•ART•SCIENCE•TECHNOLOGY•HISTORY•CULTURAL HISTORY•HISTORICALFIGURESLECTURE ROOMSTUDY ROOMLIBRARY
Around 100 million people ayear visit Germany’s museumsto view, experience, admireand enjoy their exhibits. Thereare more than 6,000 such in-stitutions in total, with a widevariety of collections, a broadspectrum of specialisationsand presentation concepts thatrange from hands-on displaysfor an interactive experience toquiet retreats for silent contem-plation. What they all have incommon, however, is that theyseek to inspire the visitor.Whether the focus is art or sci-ence, technology or history, thepresentation needs to be ap-pealing, interesting and varied.And that is where lightingplays an important role: it cre-ates visual experiences in anyexhibition, it helps modulateand accentuate the visuallandscape, it enhances the im-pact of the items on display.The visual ambience must notcause fatigue. On the contrary,it should stimulate – but notconfuse. In large buildings, dif-ferentiated room design is alsoa requirement.
Lighting is vital for spatial im-pression and enjoyment of art.Different light colours andbeam spreads, different de-signs and arrangements ofluminaires and lamps createdifferent lighting situations –light spaces – designed tomeet the relevant needs of theexhibition.Special attention needs to bepaid to conservation require-ments. Light protection playsan important role in any exhi-bition room.There is more to a museumthan just what it displays; it isalso a place of research,where collections are stored,preserved and managed. Onlyin the right lighting can muse-um staff work effectively. Light-ing also draws attention to trip-ping hazards and reduces therisk of accidents. So althoughthe lighting designer has agreat deal of freedom in exhi-bition rooms, functional lightingmust always be provided.
Fig. 1: The graphic above showsa virtual museum: most of thespace is occupied by the exhibi-tion area (blue), followed by thegeneral public areas (red) and the rooms which serve as work premises (orange). The outdoor area (green) is surrounded by the building.