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Speed and Feed for Lathe Machining

Speed and Feed for Lathe Machining

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Published by Thinesh Chander
This document shows the calculation of speed and feeding for lathe machine
This document shows the calculation of speed and feeding for lathe machine

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Published by: Thinesh Chander on Oct 04, 2010
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11/15/2010

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Speed and Feed
1.Cutting Speed (V)
One of the most important factors affecting the efficiency of a milling operation iscutter speed. If the cutter is run too slowly, valuable time will be wasted, whileexcessive speed results in loss of time in replacing and regrinding cutters.In order to be able to work economically and efficiently, it is important to select thecutting speed best suitable to the job.The cutting speed of a metal is defined as the speed in metres per minute at which themetal can be machined efficiently. Its symbol is V. It is expressed in metre/min.
Formula:
Cutting speed = diameter of cutter x
π
x spindle speedor V = d x
π
x n (m/min)
Example:
A cutter has a diameter of 10mm. What is the cutting speed when the spindle speed is1000 rpm?Given: d = 10mm, n = 2000rpmSolution: V = d x
π
x n= 10 x 3.14 x 1000(convert into metre)1000=
31.4 m/min
 
 
1.Selection of proper cutting speed
The selection of proper cutting speed depends on the following factors:1.Type of material to be machined. (Hard and tough materials require a lower cuttingspeed than soft materials.)2.Type of tool material. (High speed steel and carbide tool.)3.Rigidity and condition of the machine.4.Types of cutting operations. (Rough and finish.)Since different types of materials vary in hardness, structure and machinability, differentcutting speeds must be used for each type of metal. The cutting speeds for the morecommon metals are shown below.
MILLING MACHINE CUTTING SPEEDSMATERIALHIGH SPEED STEEL CUTTERCARBIDE CUTTERm/minm/min
Machine SteelTool SteelCast IronBronzeAluminium21 - 3018 - 2015 - 2520 - 35150 - 30045 - 7540 - 6040 - 6060 - 120150 - 300
 
2.Spindle Speed (n)
The spindle speed for milling is defined as the speed at which the spindle of amilling machine rotates per minute.It is expressed in RPM. Its symbol is n.
Formula:
Cutting speedSpindle speed =dia. of cutter x
π
or n (rpm) = Vd x
π
Examples:
Calculate the speed required to revolve a 10 mm high-speed milling cutter when cuttingspeed is 150 m/min.Given:d = 10mm, v = 150 m/minSolution:n= Vd x
π
150 x 1000=(convert to millimetre)10 x 3.14=
4777 rpm

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