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Table Of Contents

Chapter 1. The rise of Christianity
Sources for the historical Jesus
The New Testament documents
The Epistles of Paul
The non-Christian sources
Historical uncertainty
The Jerusalem Church
Paul and the rise of Gentile Christianity
Chapter 2. Challenges to the Christian faith: heresies and schisms
The Arian controversy
Chapter 3. The pre-Islamic Middle East
The Persian empires
The Romans and the Middle East
The Arabs
The religious situation in Arabia
Christian and Jewish communities in Arabia
Chapter 4. The preaching of Islam
The Prophet Muhammad
The Qur’an
The marriages of the Prophet and Christian critics
Islamic expansion
Chapter 5. The Qur’anic view of Christian dogmas
Jesus and Christianity
The corruption of the Injil
The divinity of Christ and the Sonship issue
The Trinity
The question of Jesus’ death
Chapter 6. Polemical encounters with Islam
Introductory remarks
The Oriental Christian polemic
John of Damascus
The dialogue of Patriarch Timothy I with Caliph Mahdi
The Person and the Incarnation of Christ
The incorruptibility of the Gospel
The status of Muhammad
The Apology of al-Kindi
The reply of al-Kindi
Muslim reactions to the Oriental Christian polemic
Chapter 7. Polemic in Byzantium, Muslim Spain and the Catholic West
The Byzantine polemic
Nicetas of Byzantium
The Holosphyros Controversy
Muslim Spain (Andalusia) and Christians
The martyrs of Cordova
The Catholic West and Islam
Chapter 8. The Christian counter-attack
The Reconquista
The Crusades
The First Crusade
The Second Crusade and Muslim counter-offensive
Chapter 9. The impact of the Crusades on Christian-Muslim relations
The perception of Islam during and after the Crusades
Peter the Venerable
Chapter 10. Attack from the East: the Mongols
The Christendoms and Islam on the eve of the Mongol conquests
The Mongol era of conquests
The Mongol Ilkhans and Western Christendom
Chapter 11.The changing perspectives on Islam
Ramon Lull
Roger Bacon
St Thomas Aquinas
William of Tripoli
Ricoldo da Monte Croce
John Wycliffe
Chapter 12. The Ottomans and the European response
A vision of peace between rival faiths
Christian Europe’s perceptions of the Turkish threat
The image of Turks and Islam
The Lutheran impact
John Calvin and the Turks
The nature of the Turkish threat
Chapter 13. The Enlightenment and Islam
Some writers on Islam: Reland to Gibbon
Chapter 14. European colonialism and Islam
Christian missionaries and Muslims
Islam in serious studies
Chapter 15. Political changes in the twentieth century and Islam
Western perceptions of an Islamic threat
A positive change of attitude in Catholic and Protestant thought
Louis Massignon
The dialogical approach
The Vatican Council
The World Council of Churches
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Perception of Islam in Christendom Througout History

Perception of Islam in Christendom Througout History

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Published by amir06


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Published by: amir06 on Oct 04, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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