The Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC
), Listening and Reading Test isused to assess non-native English proficiency and is currently the standard measure of English ability in Japan. Even for teachers with many years experience, teaching testpreparation courses for the first time can be a daunting experience. Unlike generalconversation, writing, or business courses, the things that need to be taught and, to a largeextent how they are taught, depend largely on the content of the test and the way it isassessed. Understanding of student motivation, course formats, lesson procedures, and eventhe question of what to look for in a course book are all likely to be new and unknownterritory.This guide will look at what the TOEIC test is, what it is used for, and how it is changing.More importantly, it will examine how to plan a course, how to choose appropriate study materials, and how to prepare students to succeed on the test. If you are new to TOEICteaching, this guide aims to answer your questions and respond to your concerns. Moreexperienced teachers will hopefully find it useful as a resource of fresh ideas andapproaches for providing effective lessons.
What is TOEIC
Listening and Reading Test?
Educational Testing Service (ETS) began developing the TOEIC test in 1978 as a way of measuring thecommunicative ability of Japanese business people. Their intention was that the test:
Assess everyday English as used in a working environment
Be easy to administer
Allow large numbers of test takers to participate in a minimum of time
Require no specific preparationThe first TOEIC test was administered in Japan in December 1979 and was taken by 2,773people. The average score was 578. Since those early days the test has seen a dramaticincrease in test taker numbers and has expanded far beyond its Japanese roots. It iscurrently used in over 60 countries and taken by more than 4.5 million people per year(about 1.5 million of these in Japan alone). More than 14 million people have taken the testin Japan. The TOEIC test is administered in Japan by The Institute for International BusinessCommunication (IIBC), a non-profit organization that operates under the auspices of the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.Every year, a great deal of investment goes into test item creation, piloting, and analysis.The results of each test sitting are statistically analyzed and adjusted to ensure consistentscores between sittings.