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Exact Differential Equations

Exact Differential Equations

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Published by Jose Villegas

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Published by: Jose Villegas on Oct 04, 2010
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10/04/2010

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Differential EquationsEXACT EQUATIONS
Graham S McDonald
A Tutorial Module for learning the techniqueof solving exact differential equations
q
Table of contents
q
Begin Tutorial
c
2004g.s.mcdonald@salford.ac.uk
 
Table of contents
1.Theory2.Exercises3.Answers4.Standard integrals5.Tips on using solutionsFull worked solutions
 
Section 1: Theory3
1. Theory
We considerhere thefollowing standard formof ordinary differential equation (o.d.e.):
(
x,y
)
dx
+
Q
(
x,y
)
= 0If 
∂P y
=
Qx
.This means that a function
u
(
x,y
) exists such that:
du
=
uxdx
+
uydy
=
P dx
+
Qdy
= 0
.
One solves
ux
=
and
uy
=
Q
to nd
u
(
).Then
du
= 0 gives
u
(
x,y
) =
, where
is a constant.This last equation gives the general solution of 
P dx
+
Qdy
= 0.
Toc
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