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Integration of Algebraic Fractions

# Integration of Algebraic Fractions

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10/04/2010

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IntegrationALGEBRAIC FRACTIONS
A self-contained Tutorial Module for practisingthe integration of algebraic fractions
q
q
c

1.Theory2.Exercises3.Answers4.Standard integrals5.Polynomial division6.Tips on using solutionsFull worked solutions

Section 1: Theory 3
1. Theory
The method of partial fractions can be used in the integration of aproper algebraic fraction. This technique allows the integration to bedone as a sum of much simpler integralsA
proper algebraic fraction
is a fraction of two polynomials whosetop line is a polynomial of lower degree than the one in the bottomline. Recall that, for a polynomial in
x
, the degree is the highestpower of
x
. For example
x
1
x
2
+ 3
x
+ 5is a proper algebraic fraction because the top line is a polynomial of degree 1 and the bottom line is a polynomial of degree 2.
q
To integrate an
improper algebraic fraction
, one ﬁrstly needsto write the fraction as a sum of proper fractions. This ﬁrst step canbe done by using polynomial division (‘P-Division’)