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Classification of Organisms

Classification of Organisms

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Published by: Kari Kristine Hoskins Barrera on Oct 04, 2010
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05/22/2013

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We present a three-domain version of the classification of organisms. Recently, DNA sequencingbrought many of these associations and groupings into question. Be aware that the classification of organisms is dynamic, and it is a topic of ongoing scientific research and discussion. For example,DNA sequencing techniques have shown that any archaebacterium is as genetically different fromany bacterium as a bacterium is from any eukaryote. These relationships suggest that there shouldbe only three kingdoms: Archaebacteria, Bacteria, and Eukaryota. Check http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibit/phylogeny.html for the most current information onclassifications of life. The classification scheme presented in this appendix is not comprehensive.
Domain Archaebacteria
MethanogensExtreme halophilesExtreme thermophiles
Thermoplasma 
Domain Bacteria
ProteobacteriaGram positive bacteriaChlamydiasSpirochetesCyanobacteria
Domain Eukarya
 Candidate Kingdom Archaezoa (
Giardia 
and other diplomonads)Candidate Kingdom Euglenozoa (Euglenoids and Kinetoplastids)Candidate Kingdom Alveolata (dinoflagellates, apicomplexans and ciliates)Candidate Kingdom Stramenopila (diatoms, golden algae, brown algae, water molds)Candidate Kingdom Rhodophyta (red algae)Candidate Kingdom Green Algae
 
 
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Kingdom PlantaeDivision Charophyta (a group of green algae)Division Bryophyta (mosses)Seedless Vascular PlantsDivision Lycophyta (club mosses)Division Sphenophyta (horsetails)Division Pterophyta (ferns)Gymnosperms (naked seed plants)Division Cycadophyta (cycads)Division Ginkophyta (ginkos)Division Gnetophyta (gnetae)Division Coniferophyta (conifers) Angiosperms (flowering plants)Division AnthophytaClass Monocotyledones(monocots; e.g., lilies, orchids, wheat)Class Dicotyledones(dicots; e.g., poppies, roses, melons)
 
 
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Kingdom FungiDivision Chytridiomycota (chytrids)Division Zygomycota (bread molds)Division Ascomycota (sac fungi)Division Basidiomycota (common fungi)Lichens (symbiotic associations of algae and fungi)Micorrhizae (mutualistic associations with legumes) Yeasts (unicellular fungi)Molds (asexual stages of some fungi)Kingdom AnimaliaParazoaPhylum Porifera (sponges)RadiataPhylum Cnidaria (jellyfish, hydrozoans, corals, sea anemones)Phylum Ctenophora (comb jellies)Phylum Placozoa (multicellular; lacks tissues; amoeboid) AceolomatesPhylum Platyhelminthes (flatworms)PsuedocoelomatesPhylum Rotifera (rotifers)Phylum Nematoda (roundworms)ProtostomesPhylum Annelida (segmented worms)Phylum Arthropoda (arthropods)

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