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cnc-classnotes

cnc-classnotes

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Published by: seekerwj on Oct 05, 2010
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04/22/2013

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ComputerComputer--Aided Manufacturing Aided Manufacturing
Introduction Introduction 
Numerical Control Numerical Control 
Definition, advantages Definition, advantages 
Types of NC control systems Types of NC control systems 
Motion and Coordinate system Motion and Coordinate system 
NC part programming NC part programming 
Fundamentals of NC programming Fundamentals of NC programming 
Example Example 
 
Computerized Numerical Control Computerized Numerical Control 
Direct Numerical Control Direct Numerical Control 
Computer Computer- -Aided part programming  Aided part programming 
Computer Computer- -Aided Part programming  Aided Part programming 
CAD CAD- -CAM based part programming CAM based part programming 
Reference: Singh, N. (1996), “Systems approach to computerReference: Singh, N. (1996), “Systems approach to computer--integrated design and manufacturing”, John Wiley & Sons.integrated design and manufacturing”, John Wiley & Sons.
 
Metal cutting machinesMetal cutting machines
RelativeRelativemotionmotionbetweenbetweencuttingcuttingtooltoolandandworworkpiecepiecebybyforcingforcingaa sharpsharpcuttingcuttingedgeedgeintointothetheworwork--piecepiece..
ProblemsProblems::
MetalsMetalsareareveryveryhardhard..
MotionMotionbetweenbetweentooltoolandandworwork--piecepieceshouldshouldbebeatatsufficientlysufficientlyhighhighraterate
TemporaryTemporarysolutionsolution::PowerPowerdrivendrivenmachinesmachines(machine(machinetools)tools)areare capablecapableoofgeneratinggeneratinghighhighforcesforcesrequired,required,butbuttotouseuseaamachinemachinetool,tool, weweneedneedtoto
DetermineDeterminethethelocationlocationononthetheworwork--piecepiecewherewheremachiningmachiningisistotobebedonedone..
ControllingControllingthethepathpathfollowedfollowedduringduringthethemotionmotionoofthethetooltoolororworwork--piecepiece
onrongonrongeeraeraeaawcwceepapassraverseraverse
ControllingControllingthetheraterateatatwhichwhichthethepathpathisistraversedtraversed
FurtherFurther::
 AAhighlyhighlyskilledskilledoperatoroperatorisisrequiredrequiredevenevenforforaasimplesimplejob job
InconsistencyInconsistencyininresultsresults
MuchMuchlongerlongertime,time,dependdependononknowledgeknowledgeandandskillskilloofoperatoroperator..\ \Very difficulttomanufacturecomplexproducts
Lowproductivity
 
Numerically Controlled MachinesNumerically Controlled Machines
Same technological capabilities as of conventionalSame technological capabilities as of conventionalmachines in terms of machining, but differ in control of machines in terms of machining, but differ in control of machine functions.machine functions.
Elements of NC systemElements of NC system
Part programPart program
Machine control unit (MCU)Machine control unit (MCU)
he machine toolhe machine tool 
Capabilities of Machine control unit (MCU) of a NCCapabilities of Machine control unit (MCU) of a NCmachine:machine:
Positioning the toolPositioning the tool
Turning the spindle ON/OFFTurning the spindle ON/OFF
Setting cutting speeds/feed ratesSetting cutting speeds/feed rates
Turning coolant ON/OFFTurning coolant ON/OFF
Direction and rate of slide motion, spindle rotation, etc.Direction and rate of slide motion, spindle rotation, etc.

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