(3) Define the major characteristics of the following memory technologies.i. Random Access Memory (RAM)
Short for Random Access Memory, RAM, also known as main memory or systemmemory, is a term commonly used to describe the memory within a computer.Today,it takes the form of integrated circuitsthat allow storeddatato be accessed in any
ii. Magnetic Disks
A magnetic disk is a memory device, such as a floppy disk, a hard disk, or aremovable cartridge, that is covered with a magnetic coating on which digitalinformation is stored in the form of microscopically small, magnetized needles.
iii. Tape Drive
A tape drive is a device that stores computer data on magnetictape,especially for backupandarchiving purposes. Drives can be rewinding, where the device issues a
rewind command at the end of a session, or non-rewinding. Rewinding devices aremost commonly used when a tape is to be unmounted at the end of a session after batchprocessing of large amounts of data.
Registers are temporary memory units that storewords. The registers are located inthe processor, instead of inRAM,so data can be accessed and stored faster. Processor registers are at the top of thememory hierarchy, and provide the fastest way for aCPUto access data. There are several types of CPU registers such as ProgramCounter (PC), Instruction Register (IR), Accumulator (A), Flag Register (F), GeneralPurpose Register (GPR).