Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more ➡
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
×
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Algebra Boot Camp

# Algebra Boot Camp

Ratings: 0|Views: 220|Likes:
Published by Jocelyn Pierce

### More info:

Published by: Jocelyn Pierce on Oct 05, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

### Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
Free download as PDF, TXT or read online for free from Scribd
See More
See less

10/05/2010

pdf

text

original

Chapter 1
W
elcome to algebra bootcamp! Before you jumpinto algebra, you needto understand the basics. There arenew terms, iron-clad rules and a fewproperties with which you shouldbecome familiar. Chapter 1 providesyou with a solid grounding in theessentials of algebra.

In this Chapter...
Common Algebra TermsClassifying NumbersAdd and Subtract NumbersMultiply and Divide NumbersAbsolute ValuesGrouping SymbolsOrder of OperationsThe Commutative PropertyThe Associative PropertyThe Distributive PropertyThe Inverse PropertyAbout VariablesEvaluate an ExpressionAdd and Subtract VariablesMultiply and Divide VariablesTest Your Skills
Algebra asics
B

Like any other specialized pursuit, algebra has alanguage all its own, but don't be intimidated.Not long ago, terms like Web site and e-mailwould have left most people scratching theirheads in confusion. Today, however, these termshave entered our vocabulary and we use themwithout a second thought.In the study of algebra, you will hear termslike coefficient, integer and polynomial thrownaround quite often. These terms are just simpleways of communicating more complicatedideas. Once you understand these terms andsee them in context, you should not have anytrouble remembering them.
Common Algebra Terms
14
Absolute Value
The coefficient is anumber in front of avariable. For example,
5
is the coefficient inthe expression
5
x
.An exponent, or power,appears as a small numberabove and to the right of anumber, such as
3
in
2
3
. Anexponent indicates the numberof times a number is multipliedby itself. For example,
2
3
equals
2
x
2
x
2
. The number to whichthe exponent is attached, suchas
2
in
2
3
, is called the base.An equation is a mathematical statement containingan equals sign
(=)
. The equals sign indicates that thetwo sides of the equation are equal. An equationwhose highest exponent in the equation is one, such as
x
+
y
= 10
, is known as a linear equation. An equationwhose highest exponent in the equation is two, such as
x
2
+ 4
x
= 16
, is known as a quadratic equation.An expression is a mathematicalstatement that does not containan equals sign
(=)
. An expressioncan contain numbers, variablesand/or operators, such as
+, –,
x
and
÷
. For example,
x
+
y
and
5
x
2
y
are expressions.A fraction, such as or , is adivision problem written with afraction bar
( )
instead of with adivision sign
(÷)
. For example, youcan write
3÷4
as . A fractionhas two parts—the top number ina fraction is called the numeratorand the bottom number in afraction is called the denominator.A formula is a statement expressinga general mathematical truth andcan be used to solve or reorganizemathematical problems. For example,
a
2
b
2
always equals
(
a
+
b
)(
a
b
)
, so
a
2
b
2
= (
a
+
b
)(a – b)
is a formulayou can use to work with problems.Factors are numbers or termsthat are multiplied togetherto arrive at a specific number.For example,
3
and
4
arefactors of
12
. When youfactor an expression inalgebra, you break theexpression into pieces, calledfactors, that you can multiplytogether to give you theoriginal expression.
CoefficientEquationExpressionFactorFormulaFractionExponent
123434
The absolute value of a number isalways the positive value of thenumber, whether the number ispositive or negative. For example,the absolute value of both
5
and
5
is
5
. An absolute value is indicatedby two thin vertical lines
(||)
around a number, such as
|5|
.

## Activity (1)

### Showing

AllMost RecentReviewsAll NotesLikes
You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads|about 2 years ago