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Synthetic Diamonds: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

Synthetic Diamonds: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

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Published by Mark
A library research paper submitted for my ENG 2 (College Writing in English) subject.
A library research paper submitted for my ENG 2 (College Writing in English) subject.

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Published by: Mark on Oct 05, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Synthetic Diamonds:Synthesis, Properties, and Applications
Presented by:
Mark Angelo A. Ordonio
BS Chemical EngineeringPresented to:Prof. Ma. Sheila M. SimatUniversity of the Philippines Los BañosOctober 2010
 Synthetic Diamonds: Synthesis, Properties, and ApplicationsThesis Statement: Synthetic diamonds, upon differentiating them with natural diamondsbased on their discovery and synthesis, examination of their properties, advantages, andthe efficiency of their applications, exceed the value of the latter, making the former morechosen by most consumers.I.
The diamond, being one of the world’s most important
mineral resources, is thehardest substance known by man on earth.II.
Today's diamonds can be classified in two general kinds: the real, naturaldiamonds and the man-made synthetic diamonds.A.
Formed 100-200 km under the earth's surface about at most 3.2 billion yearsago, a natural diamond is the hardest natural material known to man.1.
Among the four polymorphs of carbon, it is the diamond which has themost compact and strongly bonded structure.2.
The natural diamond possesses several exceptional qualities.a.
It is the only precious stone composed of a single chemical element.b.
Its extreme hardness is of great industrial importance.c.
The colored and pure ones are suitable for jewelry use.d.
In a brilliant cut gemstone, it exhibits strong dispersion and highrefractive indexe.
It is not easily affected by strongest acids and bases.
A synthetic diamond, as opposed to a natural diamond, is produced in atechnological process.1.
Synthetic diamonds are named depending on the production method: highpressure-high temperature (HPHT) diamonds and chemical vapordeposition (CVD) diamonds are among the few.2.
A synthetic diamond's properties may be inferior or superior to those of natural ones, depending on the manufacturing process and its usage.III.The discovery of the synthetic diamond industry started with numerous attemptsto convert cheap forms of carbon into diamonds.A.
The basic principle behind the carbon-diamond conversion involves extremelyhigh temperatures.1.
Hannay and Moissan heated charcoal up to 3500 °C with iron inside acarbon crucible.a.
Hannay used a flame-heated tube.b.
Moissan used an electric arc furnace.2.
Ruff and Hershey succeeded after replicating the experiment.3.
The General Electric (GE) Company was able to heat carbon to about3000 °C under a pressure of 3.5 gigapascals for a few seconds.B.
After the use of high temperatures for synthetic diamond production, othermethods were also discovered.1.
Being the most common and ancient method, the HPHT method involvesthree main press designs to supply the necessary pressure and temperature.

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