CHEMISTRY 5072/02 SYLLABUSORGANIC CHEMISTRY
11.1 Fuels and crude oil
Source of energy
Natural Gas (mainly methane)
etroleum- A mixture of hydrocarbonsIt is separated into the following useful fractions:
Fractions UsesPetrol (Gasoline)
uel in cars
eedstock for the chemistry industry
uel for heating and cooking and for aircraft engines
Source of polishes and waxes
Making road surfaces Naphtha is the main source of hydrocarbons used for the production of a wide range of organiccompounds.Given the finite quantity of fossil fuels, there are competing uses of crude oil as an energy source aswell as a chemical feedstock.
Alkanes are a homologous series as a group of compounds with a general formula, similar chemical properties and showing a gradation in physical properties as a result of increase inthe size and mass of the molecules.
An homologous series of saturated hydrocarbons with the general formula C
Name of Alkane
ormulaof AlkaneStructure of branchedalkanesStructure of unbranched alkanesMethane CH