Preparing to Use Your New TI-86

Installing the AAA Batteries

Adjusting the Contrast

Resetting All Memory and Defaults

Calculating on the Home Screen

Calculating the Sine of a Number

Storing the Last Answer to a Variable

Using a Variable in an Expression

Editing an Expression

Displaying a Complex Number as a Result

Using a List with a Function

Removing (Exiting) a Menu

Finding the Square Root

Calculating Derivatives

Plotting Functions on the Graph Screen

Displaying and Entering Functions in the Equation Editor

Changing the Graph Style of a Function

Plotting a Function on the Graph Screen

Tracing a Function

Evaluating y for a Specific x Value (During a Trace)

Changing a Window Variable Value

Deselecting a Function

Zooming In on a Portion of the Graph Screen

Installing or Replacing Batteries

When to Replace Batteries

Turning On and Turning Off the TI-86

Adjusting the Display Contrast

The Home Screen

Displaying Entries and Answers

Entering Numbers

Entering Negative Numbers

Using Scientific or Engineering Notation

Entering Complex Numbers

Entering Other Characters

The 2nd Key

The ALPHA Key

Common Cursors

Cursor Direction Keys

Inserting, Deleting, and Clearing Characters

Entering Expressions and Instructions

Entering an Expression

Using Functions in Expressions

Using an Instruction

Entering Functions, Instructions, and Operators

Entering Consecutive Entries

The Busy Indicator

Interrupting a Calculation or Graph

Diagnosing an Error

Correcting an Error

Reusing Previous Entries and the Last Answer

Retrieving the Last Entry

Retrieving and Editing the Last Entry

Retrieving Previous Entries

Retrieving Multiple Entries

Clearing the ENTRY Storage Area

Retrieving the Last Answer

Using Ans Preceding a Function

Storing Results to a Variable

Using TI-86 Menus

Displaying a Menu

The Menu Keys

Selecting a Menu Item

Exiting (Removing) a Menu

Viewing and Changing Modes

Changing a Mode Setting

The CATALOG,
Variables, and Characters

Storing Data to Variables

Creating a Variable Name

Storing a Value to a Variable Name

Storing an Unevaluated Expression

Storing an Answer

Copying a Variable Value

Displaying a Variable Value

Recalling a Variable Value

Classifying Variables as Data Types

The CATLG-VARS (CATALOG-Variables) Menu - w

Selecting a Variable Name

Entering CUSTOM Menu Items

Clearing CUSTOM Menu Items

Deleting a Variable from Memory

The CHAR INTL (International) Menu - Ÿ (

Adding a Modifier to a Vowel

Math, Calculus,
and Test Operations

Keyboard Mathematical Functions

Using Tests in Expressions and Instructions

Using Built-In and User-Created Constants

The CONS BLTIN (Built-In Constants) Menu - ‘ &

Converting Units of Measure

Converting a Unit of Measure

Number Bases

Number Base Ranges

One’s and Two’s Complements

Entering Hexadecimal Digits

Converting Number Bases

Results of Boolean Operations

Using Complex Numbers

Complex Results

Using a Complex Number in an Expression

The CPLX (Complex Number) Menu - ‹

Defining a Graph

Setting the Graph Mode

The GRAPH Menu 6

Using the Equation Editor

The Equation Editor (GRAPH y(x)=) Menu 6 &

Defining a Function in the Equation Editor

Notes about Defining Function Equations

Selecting Graph Styles

Setting the Graph Style in the Equation Editor

Using Shading Patterns to Differentiate Functions

Viewing and Changing OnàOff Status of Stat Plots

Setting the Window Variables

Displaying the Window Editor

Display the window editor

Setting Graphing Accuracy with @x and @y

Setting the Graph Format

Displaying a Graph

Pausing or Stopping a Graph in Progress

Modifying a Drawn Graph

Graphing a Family of Curves

Smart Graph

Graph Tools on the TI-86

Using the Free-Moving Cursor

Graphing Accuracy

Tracing a Graph

Stopping and Resuming a Trace

Resizing the Graph Screen with ZOOM Operations

Defining a Custom Zoom In

Setting Zoom Factors

Zooming In and Zooming Out on a Graph

Storing and Recalling Zoom-Window Variable Values

Using Interactive Math Functions

Settings That Affect GRAPH MATH Operations

Using ROOT, FMIN, FMAX, or INFLC

Using ‰f(x), DIST, or ARC

Using dyàdx or TANLN

Using ISECT

Using YICPT

Evaluating a Function for a Specified x

Drawing on a Graph

Before Drawing on a Graph

Saving and Recalling Drawn Pictures

Clearing Drawn Pictures

Shading Areas of a Graph

Drawing a Line Segment

Drawing a Vertical or Horizontal Line

Drawing a Circle

Drawing a Function, Tangent Line, or Inverse Function

Drawing Freehand Points, Lines, and Curves

Placing Text on a Graph

Turning On or Turning Off Points

Displaying the Table

Independent and Dependent Variables in the Table

Navigating the Table

Setting Up the Table

Viewing and Editing Dependent Variable Equations

Clearing the Table

Preview: Polar Graphing

Defining a Polar Graph

Setting Polar Graphing Mode

Displaying the Polar Equation Editor

Setting the Graph Screen Window Variables

Displaying the Graph

Using Graph Tools in Pol Graphing Mode

The Free-Moving Cursor

Tracing a Polar Equation

Moving the Trace Cursor to a q Value

Using Zoom Operations

Evaluating an Equation for a Specified q

Drawing on a Polar Graph

Preview: Parametric Graphing

Defining a Parametric Graph

Setting Parametric Graphing Mode

Displaying the Parametric Equation Editor

Selecting and Deselecting a Parametric Equation

Deleting a Parametric Equation

Using Graph Tools in Param Graphing Mode

Tracing a Parametric Function

Moving the Trace Cursor to a t Value

Evaluating an Equation for a Specified t

Drawing on a Parametric Graph

Defining a Differential Equation Graph

Setting Differential Equation Graphing Mode

Displaying the Differential Equation Editor

Setting the Initial Conditions

Setting the Axes

Differential Equation Graphing Tips

The Built-In Variable fldPic

Entering and Solving Differential Equations

Graphing in SlpFld Format

Transforming an Equation into a First-Order System

Graphing in DirFld Format

Graphing a System of Equations in FldOff Format

Solving a Differential Equation for a Specified Value

Using Graph Tools in DifEq Graphing Mode

Tracing a Differential Equation

Drawing on a Differential Equation Graph

Drawing an Equation and Storing Solutions to Lists

Using ZOOM Operations

Drawing Solutions Interactively with EXPLR

Evaluating Differential Equations for a Specified t

Lists on the TI-86

Creating, Storing, and Displaying Lists

Entering a List Directly in an Expression

Creating a List Name by Storing a List

Displaying List Elements Stored to a List Name

Displaying or Using a Single List Element

Storing a New Value to a List Element

Using the List Editor to Attach a Formula

Using the List Editor With Attached-Formula Lists

Executing and Displaying Attached Formulas

Handling Errors Related to Attached Formulas

Detaching a Formula from a List Name

Editing an Element of a Attached-Formula List

Vectors on the TI-86

Creating, Storing, and Displaying Vectors

Creating a Vector in the Vector Editor - Š '

Creating a Vector on the Home Screen

Creating a Complex Vector

Displaying a Vector

Using a Vector in an Expression

Editing Vector Dimension and Elements

Using Mathematical Functions with Vectors

Matrices on the TI-86

Creating, Storing, and Displaying Matrices

Creating a Matrix on the Home Screen

Creating a Complex Matrix

Displaying Matrix Elements, Rows, and Submatrices

Using a Matrix in an Expression

Editing Matrices in the Matrix Editor

Editing Matrices on the Home Screen

Using Mathematical Functions with Matrices

Statistical Analysis on the TI-86

Setting Up a Statistical Analysis

Entering Statistical Data

Automatic Regression Equation Storage

Results of a Statistical Analysis

The STAT VARS (Statistical Variables) Menu - š *

Plotting Statistical Data

Setting Up a Stat Plot

Turning On and Turning Off a Stat Plot

The PLOT TYPE Menu (Selecting a Plot Type)

Plot Type Characteristics

Forecasting a Statistical Data Value

Preview: The Equation Solver - t

Entering an Equation in the Equation-Entry Editor

Setting Up the Interactive-Solver Editor

Entering Variable Values

Controlling the Solution with Bounds and a Guess

Editing the Equation

Solving for the Unknown Variable

Graphing the Solution

Solver Graph Tools

The Simultaneous Equation Solver - u

Entering Equations to Solve Simultaneously

Storing Equation Coefficients and Results to Variables

The Polynomial Root-Finder - v

Entering and Solving a Polynomial

Storing a Polynomial Coefficient or Root to a Variable

Writing a Program on the TI-86

Creating a Program in the Program Editor

The TI-86 Key Code Diagram

Entering a Command Line

Menus and Screens in the Program Editor

Running a Program

Breaking (Interrupting) a Program

Working with Programs

Managing Memory and Deleting a Program

Editing a Program

Calling a Program from Another Program

Copying a Program to Another Program Name

Using and Deleting Variables within a Single Program

Running an Assembly Language Program

Entering and Storing a String

Creating a String

Checking Available Memory

Deleting Items from Memory

Resetting the TI-86

TI-86 Linking Options

Linking Two TI-86s

Linking a TI-86 and a TI-85

Linking a TI-86 and a CBL 2/CBL or CBR System

Linking a TI-86 and a PC or Macintosh

Downloading Programs from the Internet

Connecting the TI-86 to Another Device

Selecting Data to Send

Initiating a Memory Backup

The SEND WIND (Window Variables) Screen

Sending Variables to a TI-85

The LINK SND85 (Send Data to TI-85) Menu - o (

Preparing the Receiving Device

Transmitting Data

Program: Taylor Series

Characteristic Polynomial and Eigenvalues

Convergence of the Power Series

Reservoir Problem

Predator-Prey Model

Program: Sierpinski Triangle

A to Z Function and
Instruction Reference

Quick-Find Locator

Alphabetical Listing of Operations

TI-86 Menu Map

Handling a Difficulty

Error Conditions

Equation Operating System (EOS™)

Implied Multiplication

Parentheses

Computational Accuracy

Support and Service Information

Product Support

Product Service

Other TI Products and Services

Warranty Information

All Customers outside the U.S. and Canada