24 March 2005 FM 4-01.45/MCRP 4-11.3H/NTTP 4-01.3/AFTTP(I) 3-2.58i
This publication consolidates the Services' best tactics, techniques, andprocedures (TTP) used in convoy operations into a single multi-Service TTP(MTTP) with the objective of reducing casualty rates and increasing theprobability of mission success during convoy operations. This MTTP focuses oncombat support and combat service support forces and provides a quick reference guide for convoy commanders (CC) and subordinates on how to plan,train, and conduct tactical convoy operations in the contemporary operatingenvironment.
This MTTP publication is a comprehensive reference source to assist CCs andsubordinates in planning, training, and conducting tactical convoy operations. Itaddresses troop leading procedures, checklists, terminology, gun truck employment, improvised explosive devices (IED) quick reference information,battle drills, and sample convoy training and live fire programs of instruction. Itincorporates the current lessons learned from combat operations, trainingoperations, and bridges gaps in Service convoy doctrine and TTPs.
The TTP in this document are applicable to joint forces of the United States.This publication is intended to be theater non-specific. The target audience isCCs in combat support or combat service support units from any US Serviceconducting tactical convoys in high threat environments. The intent is that thispublication be in every convoy commander’s cargo pocket as a quick-referenceto ease the planning burden during tactical convoy operations. Services can usethis MTTP as a basis for both institutional and operational training as deemedappropriate and feasible. Any use of force detailed in this TTP is governed bythe rules of engagement (ROE) applicable to the operation. ROE are directivesissued by competent military authority that delineate the circumstances andlimitations under which US forces will initiate and/or continue combatengagement with other forces encountered. In addition to the rules for use of force contained in the ROE, units also retain the inherent right of self-defense. A use of force in self-defense must be necessary (that is, responsive to a hostileact or demonstration of hostile intent) and proportional (that is, reasonable inintensity, duration, and magnitude).