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Table Of Contents

INTRODUCTION
WHAT EXACTLY IS OPEN SPACE?
WHY PLAN FOR OPEN SPACE CONSERVATION?
THE BENEFITS OF OPEN SPACE
Social Benefits
Environmental Benefits
Economic Benefits
THE ROLE OF LOCAL AND COUNTY GOVERNMENTS IN PROTECTING OPEN SPACE
Local Comprehensive Planning
Legal Authority
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN OR OPEN SPACE PLAN?
PURPOSE OF PLAN AND PLANNING AREA
STATE PROGRAMS
Local Waterfront Revitalization Programs (LWRP)
Hudson River Valley Greenway
PROCESS
Planning Partners
Local Government
Local Open Space Groups
Land Trusts
Conservation Advisory Councils (CACs)
Environmental Management Councils (EMCs)
Involving the Public and Key Community Land Users
Planning Charettes
Procedure
Inventory
Overlay System
Product
State and Federal Programs
BIODIVERSITY:
Species and Habitats
How Can Open Space Planning Conserve Biodiversity?
What to Protect?
Forests
Cliffs and Caves
Other Important Habitats
Shorelines
Riparian Areas (Stream Corridors)
Parks and Preserves
WATER RESOURCES
Protecting Water Resources with Open Space
Flood Plains and Stream Buffers
Wetlands
Groundwater Aquifers
Lake Shores
Drinking Water Sources
Estuaries
Watershed Planning
WORKING LANDSCAPES
Agricultural Resources
Forest Resources
Urban and Community Forestry
RECREATIONAL RESOURCES
Public Access
Local Parks and Open Spaces
State and Regional Open Space Lands
Trails and Trail Systems
SCENIC RESOURCES
HISTORIC RESOURCES
CONNECTING IMPORTANT OPEN SPACE AREAS
Greenways
Urban greenways
Recreationways
Scenic and historic routes
Ecologically significant natural corridors
Greenbelt
Bibliography
CHAPTER 4: OPEN SPACE CONSERVATION TOOLS
LOCAL CONSERVATION TECHNIQUES
Voluntary Programs
Deed Restrictions/Restrictive Covenants
Conservation Easements
MUNICIPAL OPEN SPACE REGULATIONS
Local Land Use Regulations
Zoning
Site Plan Approval
Assessments
Land Acquisition
Fee Simple
Purchase of Development Rights
Financing Local Open Space Planning and Implementation
Local Programs
Dedicated Revenue Sources
Local Bond Acts
County and Local Capital Funding for Open Space and Farm Land Preservation:
State Programs
Environmental Protection Fund (EPF)
Clean Water/Clean Air Bond Act
Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF)
Gifts and Donations
Federal Programs
Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF)
Pittman-Robertson Program
Transportation Efficiency Act (TEA-21)
Farm Security and Rural Investment Act
Private Programs
Private Sector Donations
CONTACT LIST
FEDERAL AGENCIES
NYS AGENCIES
OTHER SOURCES OF ASSISTANCE
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Local Open Space Planning Guide

Local Open Space Planning Guide

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Published by Anh Viet Vu

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Published by: Anh Viet Vu on Oct 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/02/2011

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