Dr. Masnellyarti Hilman, Deputy Minister for Nature Enhancement & EnvironmentalDestruction Control Ahmed Djoghlaf, Executive secretary, CBD
Indonesia’s coastline Action:
Halt the implementation of a new law that threatens to destroy Indonesia’s coastline
A law put in place in 2007 provides Indonesian citizens with the right tomanage coastal waters in Indonesia. The new coastal areas and small island management law,called HP-3, is not fully implemented yet as the government needs to put a regulation in placeso that Indonesian citizens or indigenous people can apply for their own area of water – fromthe surface right down to the seabed. Concessions can be granted for 20 years and extendedfor another 20. However, the law does not exclude large businesses, such as aquaculture, sandmining or fishery industries, from being granted the concessions. If such businesses securelarge areas under the new law, scientists fear a massive degradation of the coastal ecosystem.There is a current court case arguing that the law is unconstitutional.
Indonesia has one fifth of the world’s mangroves and are being rapidly destroyedby aquaculture businesses, such as shrimp farms, putting local fishermen out of work. A recentstudy into the threats to mangroves ecosystems found that they provide ecosystem servicesworth US $1.6bn each year and support coastal livelihoods around the world - includingprotection of the coastline from storms. Eleven out of 70 mangrove species are threatened withextinction on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Shark “finning” Action:
Ban shark “finning” at sea
Finning is the wasteful practice of cutting off a shark’s fins and discarding itscarcass at sea. This happens because shark meat is generally of low value but shark fins canfetch US $100/kg as part of a gourmet dish in China. An estimated 26 to 73 million shark finsenter the global trade each year from all oceans of the world. India and Indonesia are the toptwo shark fishing countries and have not banned shark finning. The International Union for theConservation of Nature and the IUCN Shark Specialist Group recommend that shark finning isbanned in all national waters and international waters through the requirement that all sharks belanded with their fins naturally attached. This measure will improve the ability to enforce finningbans and collect species-specific catch data. While this is the most straightforward and reliablemethod for ending finning, it is not mandated in most countries’ finning bans or on the highseas. Legislation in all the shark fishing powers that have banned finning (Spain, Argentina,Mexico, Japan, Portugal, New Zealand and Brazil) include loopholes and exceptions. Taiwanhas no ban on shark finning but is not a signatory to the CBD.
The World Food and Agriculture Organisation’s
database of fish capturerecords data for shark landings by country. A statistical analysis published in the journal Ecology