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Indonesia 1

Indonesia 1

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Published by AdamVaughan

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Published by: AdamVaughan on Oct 06, 2010
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 Dear Minister for Environment,I am writing on behalf of the Guardian newspaper in the United Kingdom and our readersworldwide to ask you to consider a proposal for protecting Indonesia’s biodiversity.The action has been proposed by our online readers and developed by professional scientists. Itis based by scientific evidence.We believe it will both protect an important species and habitat and send a clear signal to thenegotiations at the UN Convention on Biological Diversity COP10 in Nagoya later this monththat the decisive, concrete actions can and must be taken to halt the alarming decline in globalbiodiversity.Our campaign, Biodiversity 100, has identified 26 achievable actions in a number of countriesand has the support of the international scientific community. We are sharing our proposals with journalists around the world, who will be able to measure the success of their national and localgovernments in implementing the actions we have put forward. For more details of thecampaign please go to guardian.co.uk/biodiversity100.The specific proposals we request that you consider are halting the implementation of a new lawthat threatens to destroy Indonesia’s coastline and banning shark “finning” at sea (more detailsbelow).We kindly request you to react publicly to our recommendation, both through national mediaand through your statements to the CBD COP10 plenary. We also urge you to considerincluding our proposed action when you revise your National Biodiversity Strategy and ActionPlan after COP10. As a major international media outlet with a global audience, the Guardian takes seriously itsresponsibility to report on the planet’s biodiversity crisis. We would be very keen to hear backfrom you about your country’s efforts to protect the natural environment and, especially, to hearof your reaction to our proposal.October 5, 2010
Kings Place, 90 York Way, London
N1 9GU
Telephone 020-3353 2000guardian.co.uk
Professor Gusti M. HattaMinister for Environment of Indonesia,Government of Indonesia, Ministry of EnvironmentOtorita Batam, Building 'A', 6th Floor,13410 JakartaIndonesia
 Yours Sincerely,
 Alan RusbridgerEditor-in-Chief
The GuardianCC:
Dr. Masnellyarti Hilman, Deputy Minister for Nature Enhancement & EnvironmentalDestruction Control Ahmed Djoghlaf, Executive secretary, CBD
Indonesia’s coastline Action:
Halt the implementation of a new law that threatens to destroy Indonesia’s coastline
A law put in place in 2007 provides Indonesian citizens with the right tomanage coastal waters in Indonesia. The new coastal areas and small island management law,called HP-3, is not fully implemented yet as the government needs to put a regulation in placeso that Indonesian citizens or indigenous people can apply for their own area of water – fromthe surface right down to the seabed. Concessions can be granted for 20 years and extendedfor another 20. However, the law does not exclude large businesses, such as aquaculture, sandmining or fishery industries, from being granted the concessions. If such businesses securelarge areas under the new law, scientists fear a massive degradation of the coastal ecosystem.There is a current court case arguing that the law is unconstitutional.
Indonesia has one fifth of the world’s mangroves and are being rapidly destroyedby aquaculture businesses, such as shrimp farms, putting local fishermen out of work. A recentstudy into the threats to mangroves ecosystems found that they provide ecosystem servicesworth US $1.6bn each year and support coastal livelihoods around the world - includingprotection of the coastline from storms. Eleven out of 70 mangrove species are threatened withextinction on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Shark “finning” Action:
Ban shark “finning” at sea
Finning is the wasteful practice of cutting off a shark’s fins and discarding itscarcass at sea. This happens because shark meat is generally of low value but shark fins canfetch US $100/kg as part of a gourmet dish in China. An estimated 26 to 73 million shark finsenter the global trade each year from all oceans of the world. India and Indonesia are the toptwo shark fishing countries and have not banned shark finning. The International Union for theConservation of Nature and the IUCN Shark Specialist Group recommend that shark finning isbanned in all national waters and international waters through the requirement that all sharks belanded with their fins naturally attached. This measure will improve the ability to enforce finningbans and collect species-specific catch data. While this is the most straightforward and reliablemethod for ending finning, it is not mandated in most countries’ finning bans or on the highseas. Legislation in all the shark fishing powers that have banned finning (Spain, Argentina,Mexico, Japan, Portugal, New Zealand and Brazil) include loopholes and exceptions. Taiwanhas no ban on shark finning but is not a signatory to the CBD.
The World Food and Agriculture Organisation’s
database of fish capturerecords data for shark landings by country. A statistical analysis published in the journal Ecology

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