In this type of production, a
group of similar products
are made simultaneously. A newbatch can be made once the first one is complete. The business may create multiplecomponents, and then assemble them to create the final product. This is called intermittentproduction because there are multiple steps that must be done, which are held as work-in-progress whilst they wait for the final assembly.
The same machinery can be used,which means that they economiseon it
Can respond to customer ordersfaster by bring work-in-progressto final production stage
Better economies of scale
Easier to calculate costs
Allows for specialisation of theworkforce
There is still enough variety to suita range of customer needs
There is less flexibility as thebatch cannot be stopped once ithas started
There are greater storage costsfor work-in-progress
Employees may become boredwith producing the same thingsall the time.
This is when the production process involves passing parts along the stages of production ina regular flow. At each stage, more is added in a
. There is no delaybetween any of the stages. The products are usually standardised.However, this is only effective if the
demand is also continuous
, otherwise there is like to beoverstocking. There must also be good planning to ensure that the production runssmoothly, with enough labour and materials available.
This is a type of flow production. The products are assembled along a conveyor belt untilthere is a finished product.