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PT326-Round2 Expt3 Batch19

PT326-Round2 Expt3 Batch19

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Published by Radhey Meena

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Radhey Meena on Oct 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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PT (Process Trainer) 326
Radhey Shyam MeenaC
The aim of the experiment is to understand the effect of proportional control inthe closed loop system response of PT 326.
Position sensor: P2Throttle setting: 50%Set value: 2.5An open loop transfer function is constructed by modeling of the system.For this purpose, we select continuous control and proportional band set to100%.A step input in given by triggering the set value to internal.The output is observed on the oscilloscope at terminal Y, (output of thetemperature sensor) and the plot is stored.The system parameters, which are the time constant and D.C. Gain, aredetermined and the first order transfer function is constructed
The transfer function for open loop
:The maximum value of the output voltage is 8.06 VThe minimum value is = 6.2 VD(V) = 1.86 V63.21% of 1.860 is = 1.1757 VThe total value is = 6.2 + 1.1757 = 7.3757 VThe corresponding value of time (time constant) = 0.935 s = 935 msThe DC gain is K = 8.06/4.92 = 1.6382The time where the output starts to change = 0.502 s = 502 msThe time constant is = K/(tau*s+1)
 The step input is given at t = 0.4025 s = 402.5 msTau_d = 0.472
0.338 = 0.134s s = 134 ms
The experimental response of the open loop systemPart 2:Proportional Control:
 The proportional control is now introduced into the system by connecting theterminals X and Y.The required value of gain is adjusted by rotating the proportional band.A step input is again given to the system and the system response is observedon the oscilloscope.The value of Kp is given by 100/PB%.The above procedure is repeated for various values of the gains.
Gain = 30%
- We can see that the system response oscillates anddecays with time meaning that it is under-damped.
Gain = 70% -
The system here is also under-damped
Gain= 100% -
The system here acts like a first order system
Gain= 160% -
Here the system is over damped
Gain= 200% -
The system is over-damped here too
01234567890123456Step inputSystem Response
Simulink responses:For gain=30%Gain= 70%

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