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Academic English

Academic English

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Published by pirhotmunthe
Genre of Academic Writing
Genre of Academic Writing

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: pirhotmunthe on Oct 07, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/23/2012

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Academic EnglishAcademic English
 An academic text is constituted by paragraphs. Further, a An academic text is constituted by paragraphs. Further, aparagraph consists of three elements, namelyparagraph consists of three elements, namely
1.1.a topic sentence,a topic sentence, 2.2.supporting sentences, andsupporting sentences, and 3.3.a concluding sentence.a concluding sentence.
The topic sentence states the main idea of the paragraph,The topic sentence states the main idea of the paragraph,which divides into two main parts: topic and controlling idea.which divides into two main parts: topic and controlling idea.The topic sentence can be in the beginning, end, middle andThe topic sentence can be in the beginning, end, middle andboth beginning and end of the paragraph.both beginning and end of the paragraph.Supporting sentences elaborate the topic sentence. This isSupporting sentences elaborate the topic sentence. This isdone by specifying it with reference to examples, illustrations,done by specifying it with reference to examples, illustrations,statistics and quotation.statistics and quotation.Concluding sentence infers or deduces an idea of the wholeConcluding sentence infers or deduces an idea of the wholeparagraph by paraphrase, summary and implication.paragraph by paraphrase, summary and implication.
 
Top
ic Sentence at the Beginning (Deductive
Top
ic Sentence at the Beginning (Deductive
))
G
old, a precious stone, is prized for two important
G
old, a precious stone, is prized for two importantcharacteristics. First of all, gold has a lustrouscharacteristics. First of all, gold has a lustrous(shining) beauty that is resistant to corrosion(shining) beauty that is resistant to corrosion(chemical damage). Therefore, it is suitable for (chemical damage). Therefore, it is suitable for  jewelry, coins and ornamental purposes.
G
old never  jewelry, coins and ornamental purposes.
G
old never needs to be polished and will remain beautifulneeds to be polished and will remain beautifulforever. For example, a Macedonian coin remainsforever. For example, a Macedonian coin remainsas untarnished (unchanged in color) today as theas untarnished (unchanged in color) today as theday it was minted twenty centuries ago. Another day it was minted twenty centuries ago. Another important characteristic of gold is its usefulness toimportant characteristic of gold is its usefulness toindustry and science. For many years, it has beenindustry and science. For many years, it has beenused in hundreds of industrial applications. For used in hundreds of industrial applications. For instance, the most recent use of gold is ininstance, the most recent use of gold is inastronautsuits. Astronauts wear goldastronauts¶ suits. Astronauts wear gold--plated heatplated heat shields for protections outside the spaceship. Inshields for protections outside the spaceship. Inconclusion, gold is treasured not only for its beauty,conclusion, gold is treasured not only for its beauty,but also for its utility.but also for its utility.
 
Deductive Paragra
p
hDeductive Paragra
p
h
G
old, a precious stone, is prized for two important characteristics.
G
old, a precious stone, is prized for two important characteristics.
TOPICCONTROLIN
G
IDEAS
TS
SSSS SS
CS
It is advised that the topic sentencebe written not too general nor specific

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