The Effect of Paganism of Human Life
Man has been proud and presumptuous, boastful of his creations, such as philosophy, poetry andthe art of government; he has taken as much pride in enslaving other countries and nations as hehas in digging canals and turning arid lands into gardens; often he has arrogated himself to the position of God; but he has also demeaned himself by bowing his head before inanimate, lifelessobjects, things of his own creation which neither harm nor do him any favour:"
And if a fly should rub them of aught,they would never rescue it. Feebleindeed are the seeker and sought (Al-Hajj: 73)
Man prostrated himself before his own creations, feared them and begged them for help. He wasover-awed by mountains, rivers, trees, animals and harboured credulous beliefs and irrationalfears of demons and devils. He paid divine respect even to reptiles and insects. He spent his lifein fear of the unknown and hope from non-existent powers, all of which went to produce mentalconfusion, cowardice, doubtfulness and indecision in him. Brahmanic India shot ahead of everyother region in the world with its 33 million gods and goddesses.( Dutt, R.C., Ancient India, Vol.III, p. 276 and O’Mally, L. S.S. Popular Hinduism: The Religion of the Masses, Cambridge,1935.) Everything which fascinated man or appeared frightening was elevated to the position of a deity.
The Effect of Monotheism on Human Life
The Qur’an and the Holy Prophet declared that this universe was neither without (peace be uponhim) a Lord nor was it jointly controlled by a set of deites. It had One Lord and Master, theCreator and Controller wielding complete and Absolute power over it. The Qur’an announced:
Lo! His is the Creation and the Command
, (Al-Araf: 54) meaning that God was the Sole Creator,the Sole Originator, or, the Sole Creative Principle and everything around man was dependent onHim by virtue of its creation by Him.
Yet to Him submitted whose is in the Heavens and theearth, willingly or unwillingly
(Ali-Imran: 83), was a natural corollary of this declarationmeaning that all things in nature, whether heavenly or earthly, bow down to His decrees andhave perforce to submit to His Physical laws— so Exalted is he. So was it not incumbent on thecreature possessing will and option to submit to Him willingly? sincere and exclusive obeisancewas due to God alone.
He asks: Belongs not sincere religion to God?
(Sad: 3)The natural consequences following from this belief was that the world was united through aCommon Principle; a Universal Law ran through it. Man was led to acknowledge a unity of purpose, motive and law in the varied phenomena of nature which could also help him findmeaning and significance in his own life since it was integral to the wisdom underlying theintegrated nature of this universe.The Prophet of Islam acquainted man with the clear and easy creed to the Unity of God whichwas satisfying and full of vitality since it took away all irrational fear from him. This simplecreed made him self-reliant, courageous, rational and undoubting by removing the fear of everything else save that of His real Master and Lord. It was because of this creed that man came