chip carrier package
) is an entirely different style of chip package that has be-come very popular. Unlike the DIP package, the CCP has pins around its entire circumfer-ence. This allows an IC in a CCP package to take up to 50% less surface area on a pc boardthanthesamecircuitinaDIPpackage.ThepinsoftheCCParealsoshapeddifferentlythanthoseonaDIPpackage.Thepinsare“gull-wing”shapedandsetdirectlyontosolderpadsonthesurfaceofthepcboard,ratherthanbeinginsertedthroughholesaswiththeDIP.TheCCP package is square, having an equal number of pins on opposite side. The presence of pin #1may be marked by a beveled corner or by a small circular depression just to the right of the pin(lookingdownonthechip).Theremainderofthepinsarenumberedsequentiallyaroundthe chip in a counterclockwise direction, as shown in Figure 2 (c). For the technician, thesechips provide extra challenge because they tend to be more difficult to test and replace thantheir DIP counterparts.Additional IC package types include the PLCC and PGA packages. The PLCC (
)packageismostoftenavailableina68pinor84pinversion.The68 pinversionisshowninFigure3asyouwouldseeitfromthebottom.Fromthisview,youcanseeslotslocatedaroundtheperimeter,theleadsoftheICarestuckintotheseslots.Sincetheleads are not accessible to be soldered onto a printed circuit board, a mating socket is re-quiredforthePLCCpackage.Pin1isdesignatedbythenotchinonecorner,sometimesthereisalsoanindentationonthetopofthepackageindicatingpin1,asillustratedinFigure3(b),which is a top view. On the Turbo-PC system board, there are two chips using this packagetype. First is the 82C206 Integrated Peripheral Controller (IPC), a VLSI chip, which com- bines several functions together in a single package. Next is the socket for a 387SX MathCo-processor, a microprocessor-like device that is used to perform high-level math opera-tions.The
Pin Grid Array
) package, illustrated in Figure 4, is used for other microproces-sors such as the 286, 386, 486, and Pentium, and is available in sizes from 68 pin to 273 pinversions.ThePGApackagehaspinswhichextendfromthebottomofthepackage.Figure4(a) is a bottom view, as the pins would look from the bottom of a printed circuit board. ThePGApackagealsohasanotchinonecornertoindicatethelocationofpin1.ThePGApack-age can be soldered directly into a printed circuit board, or placed into a PGA socket.
THE CHIPS 3
Figure 3:A 68-Pin PLCCPackage