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Geometry Notes - Postulates

# Geometry Notes - Postulates

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09/19/2014

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IB GEOMETRY BIBLE - POSTULATES 1
PostulatesPostulatesPostulatesPostulates
Postulate 1 (Ruler Postulate)Postulate 1 (Ruler Postulate)Postulate 1 (Ruler Postulate)Postulate 1 (Ruler Postulate)1.

The points on a line can be paired with the real numbers in such a way that anytwo points can have coordinates 0 and 1.2.

Once a coordinate system has been chosen in this way, the distance betweenany two points equals the absolute value of the difference of theircoordinates.Postulate 2 (Segment Addition Postulate)Postulate 2 (Segment Addition Postulate)Postulate 2 (Segment Addition Postulate)Postulate 2 (Segment Addition Postulate)If B is between A and C, then AB + BC = AC.Postulate 3 (Protractor Postulate)Postulate 3 (Protractor Postulate)Postulate 3 (Protractor Postulate)Postulate 3 (Protractor Postulate)On AB in a given plane, choose any point O between A and B. Consider OA and OB andall the rays that can be drawn from 0 on one side of AB. These rays can be pairedwith the real numbers from 0 to 180 in such a way that:a.a.a.a. OA is paired with 0, and OB with 180.b.b.b.b. If OP is paired with
, and OQ with
y
, then m
POQ = | x – y |.Postulate 4 (Angle Addition Postulate)Postulate 4 (Angle Addition Postulate)Postulate 4 (Angle Addition Postulate)Postulate 4 (Angle Addition Postulate)If point B lies in the interior of
AOC, then m
AOC, then m
AOC + m
BOC = m
AOC.If
AOC is a straight angle and B is any point not on AC, then m
AOB + m
BOC =180.Postulate 5Postulate 5Postulate 5Postulate 5A line contains at least two points; a plane contains at least three points not all inone line; space contains at least four points not all in one plane.Postulate 6Postulate 6Postulate 6Postulate 6Through any two points there is exactly one line.Postulate 7 Postulate 7 Postulate 7 Postulate 7 Through any three points there is at least one plane, and through any threenoncollinear points there is exactly one plane.Postulate 8Postulate 8Postulate 8Postulate 8If two points are in a plane, then the line that contains the points is in that plane.Postulate 9Postulate 9Postulate 9Postulate 9If two planes intersect, then their intersection is a line.

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