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LMA Taekwondo Hapkido Manual

LMA Taekwondo Hapkido Manual

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Published by Noel Gilchrist

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Published by: Noel Gilchrist on Oct 07, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Hapkido / TaekwondoManual
History of Hapkido
As with most martial arts, the history of Hapkido, is shroudedin mystery and controversy. Lack of original records, hearsay,anecdotes, politics, egos, and ravages of time all but ensuresketchy and biased accounts of the origin of this martial art.Over the past 2000 years the Korean people havedeveloped several fighting systems and martial disciplines, whichhave evolved into modern TaeKwonDo, Tang Soo Do, Hapkido,Kook Sook, Hwa Rang Do and others. Hundreds of years oftrade, war, occupation and exchange between Korea and its
neighbors, China and Japan, has resulted in “cross
mutual influence and blending of styles and techniques. It is nowvirtually impossible to state with certainty which techniques aretruly Korean, Chinese or Japanese in origin.Hapkido was founded by Choi Yong Sool (1904-1986).Reportedly he developed the system by combining native Koreanfighting methods with Japanese Daito Ryu Aiki-Ju Jitsu. Choi hadlearned that system from its Headmaster Sokaku Takeda whileliving in Japan from 1915-1945. After his return to Korea, Choistarted teaching Self Defense (Yawara) in TaeGue City. He
initially called his system Yu Kwon Sool. One of Choi‟s se
niorstudents, Ji Han-Jae, claims to have been the first to introduce
the name “Hapkido” in Seoul in 1957. However, this is stronglydisputed by Choi‟s first student and mentor, Prof. Suh Bok Sup,
who claims that he and Choi were already using the word
“Hapkido” when they opened their first dojang (school) in 1951.
Some “traditional” instructors claim that Hapkido contains
over 3600 techniques, including as many as 120 different kicks.
However, Prof. Suh Bok Sup, who was Choi‟s first and employer,
disputes this and asserts that the original Hapkido system as
taught by Choi was comprised of only 100 self defensetechniques. Nowadays there are many styles of Hapkido as wellas over a dozen associations / governing bodies. Some styleshave produced forms (Hyung) and require them for advancement;others emphasize high kicking (including jumping and flyingkicks); still others, heavily influenced by Judo and Aikido,emphasize throwing skills.The word Hapkido is made up of three distinct words. Asyou will see, each word has a few different meanings.
, which means to coordinate, to combine, to unite, to join;
, which means internal power, dynamic energy;
, which means the wayThe word Taekwondo is made up of three distinct words. As youwill see, each word has a few different meanings.
, which means foot;
, which means fist;
, which means the way

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