Do you know your pottery?
Neolithic 4000BC – 2500BC
·Early pottery had rounded bases and sometimes had carinations (sharp anglesin the vessel wall) and little or no decoration.·Later pottery had lots of decoration, on the rim and body, formed by pinchingor pressing objects such as bird bones or whipped cord into the clay before firing(in a bonfire type kiln).·Grooved Ware is a particular type of pottery with incised lines or 'grooved'decoration. These pots have flat bases and often feel 'soapy' to the touch. This isbecause crushed pottery (grog) has been added to the clay before making the pot.
Bronze Age 2500BC – 700BC
·Early pots either have large rims or 'collars' which are decorated, or are 'beakers'with round bodies and flaring rims. The clay used to make these pots often feels'soapy' or 'sandy'.·By the Middle Bronze Age pots are either bucket, barrel or globular jars or 'urns'.The clay often contains small pieces of flint. Fingertip or nails were used to decoratethe rims and sometimes used in a horizontal line around the body of the pot.·Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age jars or bowls were decorated with finger tipimpressions, horizontal lines or had been burnished (a shiny surface was producedby rubbing the clay with a smooth object before firing).
Iron Age 700BC – 43AD
·Early forms were either carinated or rounded jars and bowls. By the middle Iron Age jars and bowls were more rounded in shape, or else were convex or straight sidedvessels now commonly called 'saucepan' pots.·The potters' wheel was first used in Britain some time around 100BC. Using thewheel enabled potters' to make different shaped pots, some of which were veryelegant.·Decoration on pottery increased during this period, and included impressed andincised circles, chevrons, horizontal grooves, geometric or curvilinear designs andburnished decoration. In the late Iron Age cordoned decoration was common,particularly around the neck of jars and bowls.
Neolithic 4000BC – 2500BCBronze Age 2500BC – 700BCIron Age 700BC – 43AD