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Grammar Worksheets

Grammar Worksheets

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Grammar Worksheets
This is a compilation of grammar notes and worksheets adapted fromhttp://www.grammar-worksheets.com. Each set of worksheets comes with notesand exercises.
Comma Splices (Also called Run-on Sentences)
To understand comma splices you must understand grammatical terms like "clause" and"independent clause.” Some people use the term “run-on sentence” to refer both to fused sentences and commasplices. These two terms refer to two different errors.
Definition:
A
comma splice
is a comma that joins (splices) two independent clauses. A
clause
is a group of words that has a subject and a verb.A
fused sentence,
on the other hand, occurs when two independent clauses (completeideas) are joined without any punctuation. It is better to avoid the term
run-on sentence
altogether and use only the terms
comma splice
and
fused sentence
. They are morespecific and more descriptive.In standard written American English, comma splices are not allowed. In other English-speaking communities, they are more accepted. If you are writing for a North Americanaudience, it is important to avoid comma slices.Example of an Independent Clause: Robert ate worms.This is a clause. Robert is the subject, and ate is the verb. This clause is "independent"because it can stand alone as a sentence.Now let's take another independent clause: Mary dislikes Robert.If you take two independent clauses and join them with a comma, you have a
commasplice
: Robert ate worms, Mary dislikes Robert
.
To "splice" means to join, so a comma splice could easily have been called a comma JOIN,but that would have been too simple. Some people get confused and think that the word"splice" means to "separate," as in "split" + "slice" = "splice." But it is not that way.To splice means to join, and in standard American English, you're not supposed to usecomma splices in writing. It is a formal rule. Comma splices are easy errors for teachers andeditors to notice.
How Do You Fix a Comma Splice?
Make two sentences instead of one: Robert ate worms. Mary dislikes Robert.
Use a semicolon (;). Robert ate worms; Mary dislikes Robert.
Use a
subordinating conjunction
(because, when, since, although,...). BecauseRobert ate worms, Mary dislikes Robert.
Use a semicolon plus a
conjunctive adverb
(therefore, then, however,...). Robert ateworms; therefore, Mary dislikes Robert.
Use a
coordinating conjunction
(
or,
a
nd,
n
or,
b
ut,
o
r,
y
et,
s
o) – fanboys – afterthe comma. Robert ate worms, so Mary dislikes Robert.Remember, you can’t use words like however and so just because they make grammaticalsense. These words mean something. The words although, however, but, and yet indicate acontrast: I was on a diet
; however,
I still gained weight.The words because, therefore, and so indicate a cause and effect relationship. The wordsand and then indicate that you are simply adding information. Use words cautiously.
 
Grammar Worksheets: Comma Splices (Also called Run-on Sentences)
Exercises: Each sentence below is wrong; it has a comma splice. Please correct it.
1. Each sentence below is wrong, it has a comma splice. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________2. Eliza ran to the store, then she bought some candy. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________3. The stock market has moved in one direction lately, it has gone down. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________4. Elvis Presley was a great singer, he was never really accepted by the country music'smainstream. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________5. Computer programs help us live saner lives, obviously the people who write them shouldmake lots of money. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________6. Dubai has built magnificent office towers with luxuries and conveniences, it is considereda great location in which to conduct international business. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________7. Brazil has won several world championships in soccer, they are always considered a goodteam. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________8. The Quaid-i-Azam campus of Punjab University is considered excellent, it attracts manystudents. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
Copyright © 2010, grammar-worksheets.com. Freely reproducible for non-profit educational purposes.
 
 
Grammar Worksheets: Comma Splices, Supplemental Exercises 1http://www.grammar-worksheets.com
1. The legislature had enacted laws enabling debtors to discharge their obligations moreeasily, the courts put an end to such practices by stipulating that no state could enact suchlaws. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________2. Every wall was smashed to rubble, the only thing left of those houses was the land andthe rocks from the rubble. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________3. My heart broke, the owners had no insurance. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________4. The town looked deserted, the streets were so dark and empty that the only thing wecould hear was the wind blowing. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________5. We worked from dusk to dawn, never had so many contracts been written in such a shorttime. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________6. Money continued to flow in, we started to live the life of the rich, on weekends we ate atexpensive restaurants. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________7. The river extended beyond the mountains, we saw the clouds merge with the water inthe horizon. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________8. Men and women drink coffee because it adds to their sense of well-being, it smells goodand tastes good to all mankind, all respond to its wonderful stimulating properties. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
Copyright © 2010, grammar-worksheets.com. Freely reproducible for non-profit educational purposes.

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