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Community HealthNeeds Assessment
An introductory guide for thefamily health nurse in Europe
Part 1: A pack for practitionersPart 2: A pack for trainers
 
EUR/01/5019306
ABSTRACT
Governments across the European Region are faced with rising demands for health care, limited resources and increasing inequalities in health. Communityhealth needs assessment has a central part to play, enabling practitioners,managers and policy-makers to identify those in greatest need and to ensurethat health care resources are used to maximize health improvement. It is avital health care planning tool to be used at the level of families, communitiesand populations. This document describes the ways in which health needsassessment can identify priority health needs, target resources to addressinequalities and involve local people. The process of undertaking health needsassessment is described and the important contribution of nurses explored. Thedocument also includes a pack for training the trainers in the use of theassessment tool.
Keywords
ISBN 92 890 1194 7
FAMILY NURSINGCOMMUNITY HEALTH SERVICESNEEDS ASSESSMENTGUIDELINESTEACHER TRAININGTEACHING MATERIALSEUROPE
©
World Health Organization – 2001
 All rights in this document are reserved by the WHO Regional Office for Europe. The document may nevertheless be freely reviewed,abstracted, reproduced or translated into any other language (but not for sale or for use in conjunction with commercial purposes)provided that full acknowledgement is given to the source. For the use of the WHO emblem, permission must be sought from the WHORegional Office. Any translation should include the words:
The translator of this document is responsible for the accuracy of thetranslation
. The Regional Office would appreciate receiving three copies of any translation. Any views expressed by named authors aresolely the responsibility of those authors.
This document was text processed in Health Documentation ServicesWHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen
 
CONTENTS
 Page
Part I: A pack for practitioners
Introduction.........................................................................................................................................1Purpose of the pack...................................................................................................................1What is a community health needs assessment?.......................................................................1Why do it?.................................................................................................................................1Concepts and principles of health needs assessment................................................................2Format of the pack....................................................................................................................3Before starting...........................................................................................................................3Section One: Profiling the population.................................................................................................4Characteristics of the population...............................................................................................4The health status of the population...........................................................................................6Local factors affecting health....................................................................................................7Current nursing work..............................................................................................................10Local people’s views of their health needs and health services..............................................11Local and national priorities...................................................................................................11Section Two: How do you find out?.................................................................................................12Describing the community......................................................................................................12Local views.............................................................................................................................12Measures of health and of health inequalities.........................................................................13 Nursing information................................................................................................................13Section Three: What to do with the information...............................................................................17What is the information telling you?.......................................................................................17Deciding on priorities.............................................................................................................17Planning what to do................................................................................................................19Taking action..........................................................................................................................21Appendix 1: Community development............................................................................................22Appendix 2: Health measures..........................................................................................................23Appendix 3: Example of an interview schedule when asking people their viewsof local health needs....................................................................................................24Appendix 4: Example of a family health assessment tool developed by health visitorsin Rotherham Priority Health Trust, United Kingdom................................................25References.........................................................................................................................................30Further sources of information on health needs assessment.............................................................30

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