SAY: ITMAY BE EATEN [ON THE SAME DAY], BUT BETH HILLEL
MAINTAIN: IT MAY NOT BEEATEN [UNTIL THE DAY IS OVER]. BETH SHAMMAI SAY: [THE QUANTITY OF]LEAVEN
IS OF THE SIZE OF AN OLIVE
AND LEAVENED BREAD IS OF THE SIZE OF ADATE,
BUT BETH HILLEL MAINTAIN: BOTH
ARE OF THE SIZE OF AN OLIVE. HE WHOSLAUGHTERS GAME ON POULTRY ON A FESTIVAL-DAY, BETH SHAMMAI SAY: HEMAY DIG UP [EARTH] WITH A SHOVEL
AND COVER [THE BLOOD],
BUT BETH HILLELMAINTAIN: ONE MAY NOT SLAUGHTER
UNLESS HE HAS [LOOSE] EARTH PREPAREDFROM THE DAY BEFORE [THE FESTIVAL];
BUT THEY AGREE THAT IF HE HAS[ALREADY] SLAUGHTERED, HE MAY DIG UP [EARTH] WITH A SHOVEL AND COVER[THE BLOOD], BECAUSE
THE ASHES OF THE HEARTH ARE MUKAN [CONSIDERED ASHAVING BEEN PREPARED].
are we discussing? If one should say about a hen kept
for food, what is thereason of Beth Hillel,
[seeing that] it is food which has been separated;
and [if] about a hen keptfor laying eggs, what is the reason of Beth Shammai,
[seeing that] it is mukzeh?
— But whatobjection is this? Perhaps Beth Shammai do not accept [the prohibition of] Mukzeh? (We are of theopinion that even he who permits mukzeh forbids nolad;
what then is the reason of BethShammai?) — R. Nahman replied: In table [we are debating] about a hen kept for laying eggs; but hewho accepts [the prohibition of] mukzeh accepts [the prohibition of] nolad, and he who rejects [theprohibition of] mukzeh rejects [the prohibition of] nolad:
Beth Shammai is [of the same opinion] asR. Simeon
and Beth Hillel is [of the same opinion] as R. Judah.
But did R. Nahman say thus?Surely we have learnt: Beth Shammai say: One may remove
[on the Sabbath] from the table [withthe hand] bones and nutshells;
but Beth Hillel maintain: One lifts off the whole table-top andshakes it.
And R. Nahman
said: As for us, we only hold that Beth Shammai [follow the view] of R. Simeon! — R. Nahman can reply to you: With reference to the Sabbath where the Tanna teachesanonymously
according to [the opinion of] R. Simeon as we have learnt: You may cut up gourds
for cattle and a carcass
Beth Hillel is made to represent the opinion of R. Simeon; but____________________
For the Schools of Shammai and Hillel v. J.E. III, 115ff.
On the Feast of Passover, involving penalty; cf. Ex. XII, 19.
But not less.
A date is considered larger than an olive; but v. Jast. s.v.
Leaven and leavened bread.
If loose earth is not available.
Cf. Lev. XVII, 13.
On a Festival-day.
In the three cases here mentioned Beth Shammai is more lenient than Beth Hillel. Hence they are taught togetherthough not all are relevant to the subject.
The sentence introduced by because has no casual relation with what precedes, and infra 8a, the letter
==because, is emended to
‘Mukan’, ‘set in readiness’; v. Glos. The wood having been kindled on the previous day, the ashes accumulatedduring the Festival are considered as if they were prepared before the Festival, as the house-holder had in his mind thatthere would be ashes which he could use for covering the blood.
Kind of hen that laid the egg.
Who say the egg may not be eaten.
From the hen. Since the hen was kept to be killed for food, the egg laid is regarded as a separated edible part of the