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Lesson 7: Limits Involving Infinity (worksheet with solutions)

# Lesson 7: Limits Involving Infinity (worksheet with solutions)

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11/14/2012

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Solutions to Worksheet for Section 2.5Limits at Inﬁnity
Math 1aOctober 10, 2007
1.
Sketch the graph of a function
that satisﬁes all of these:
lim
x
2
(
x
) =
−∞
lim
x
→∞
(
x
) =
lim
x
→−∞
(
x
) = 0
lim
x
0
+
(
x
) =
lim
x
0
(
x
) =
−∞
Solution.
Here is one:

Find the limits.
2.
lim
x
1
2
x
(
x
1)
2
Solution.
As
x
1, the numerator tends to 1, while the denominator tends to zero whileremaining positive. So the quotient consists of increasingly large positive numbers, hencetends to
.
3.
lim
x
π
cot
x
Solution.
Remember that cot
x
iscos
x
sin
x
. As
x
π
but
x < π
, then cos
x
1 whilesin
x
0, but remains positive. So the quotients are large and negative, hence tend to
−∞
.
4.
lim
x
→∞
x
3
+ 5
x
2
x
3
x
2
+ 4
Solution.
lim
x
→∞
x
3
+ 5
x
2
x
3
x
2
+ 4= lim
x
→∞
  
x
3
(1 +
5
/
x
)
  
x
3
(2
1
/
x
+
4
/
x
3
)=12
5.
lim
t
→−∞
t
2
+ 2
t
3
+
t
2
1
Solution.
lim
t
→−∞
t
2
+ 2
t
3
+
t
2
1= lim
t
→∞
t
2
(1 +
2
/
t
2
)
t
3
(1 +
1
/
t
1
/
t
3
= lim
t
→∞
1
t
·
lim
t
→∞
1 +
2
/
t
2
1 +
1
/
t
1
/
t
3
= 0
·
1 = 0
.

6.
lim
x
→∞

9
x
2
+
x
3
x
Solution.
x
→∞

9
x
2
+
x
3
x
·
9
x
2
+
x
+ 3
x
9
x
2
+
x
+ 3
x
= lim
x
→∞
x
9
x
2
+
x
+ 3
x
= lim
x
→∞
1

9 +
1
/
x
+ 3=1
9 + 3=16
7.
lim
x
→∞
x
x
Solution.
Same manipulation:lim
x
→∞
x
x
·
x
+
xx
+
x
= lim
x
→∞
x
2
xx
+
x
= lim
x
→∞
x
2
(1
x
1
)
x
(1 +
x
1
/
2
)= lim
x
→∞
x
·
lim
x
→∞
1
x
1
1 +
x
1
/
2
=
·
1 =
8.
lim
x
→∞
sin
2
xx
2
Solution.
We can use a version of the squeeze theorem. Notice that0
sin
2
xx
2
1
x
2
for all
x
. Since1
x
2
0 as
x
, lim
x
→∞
sin
2
xx
2
= 0.

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