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Lesson 7: Limits Involving Infinity (worksheet with solutions)Ratings:

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11/14/2012

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Solutions to Worksheet for Section 2.5Limits at Inﬁnity

Math 1aOctober 10, 2007

1.

Sketch the graph of a function

f

that satisﬁes all of these:

•

lim

x

→

2

f

(

x

) =

−∞•

lim

x

→∞

f

(

x

) =

∞•

lim

x

→−∞

f

(

x

) = 0

•

lim

x

→

0

+

f

(

x

) =

∞•

lim

x

→

0

−

f

(

x

) =

−∞

Solution.

Here is one:

Find the limits.

2.

lim

x

→

1

2

−

x

(

x

−

1)

2

Solution.

As

x

→

1, the numerator tends to 1, while the denominator tends to zero whileremaining positive. So the quotient consists of increasingly large positive numbers, hencetends to

∞

.

3.

lim

x

→

π

−

cot

x

Solution.

Remember that cot

x

iscos

x

sin

x

. As

x

→

π

but

x < π

, then cos

x

→ −

1 whilesin

x

→

0, but remains positive. So the quotients are large and negative, hence tend to

−∞

.

4.

lim

x

→∞

x

3

+ 5

x

2

x

3

−

x

2

+ 4

Solution.

lim

x

→∞

x

3

+ 5

x

2

x

3

−

x

2

+ 4= lim

x

→∞

x

3

(1 +

5

/

x

)

x

3

(2

−

1

/

x

+

4

/

x

3

)=12

5.

lim

t

→−∞

t

2

+ 2

t

3

+

t

2

−

1

Solution.

lim

t

→−∞

t

2

+ 2

t

3

+

t

2

−

1= lim

t

→∞

t

2

(1 +

2

/

t

2

)

t

3

(1 +

1

/

t

−

1

/

t

3

= lim

t

→∞

1

t

·

lim

t

→∞

1 +

2

/

t

2

1 +

1

/

t

−

1

/

t

3

= 0

·

1 = 0

.

6.

lim

x

→∞

9

x

2

+

x

−

3

x

Solution.

Multiply by the conjugate radical:lim

x

→∞

9

x

2

+

x

−

3

x

·√

9

x

2

+

x

+ 3

x

√

9

x

2

+

x

+ 3

x

= lim

x

→∞

x

√

9

x

2

+

x

+ 3

x

= lim

x

→∞

1

9 +

1

/

x

+ 3=1

√

9 + 3=16

7.

lim

x

→∞

x

−√

x

Solution.

Same manipulation:lim

x

→∞

x

−√

x

·

x

+

√

xx

+

√

x

= lim

x

→∞

x

2

−

xx

+

√

x

= lim

x

→∞

x

2

(1

−

x

−

1

)

x

(1 +

x

−

1

/

2

)= lim

x

→∞

x

·

lim

x

→∞

1

−

x

−

1

1 +

x

−

1

/

2

=

∞·

1 =

∞

8.

lim

x

→∞

sin

2

xx

2

Solution.

We can use a version of the squeeze theorem. Notice that0

≤

sin

2

xx

2

≤

1

x

2

for all

x

. Since1

x

2

→

0 as

x

→∞

, lim

x

→∞

sin

2

xx

2

= 0.

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