.and that include all known natural factors, not a single one hasbeen able to reproduce/explain past patterns of warming if human emissions are not also considered.Natural events can’t explain the observed temperature changes. Temperatures are warming faster than they ever have in thepast. The last time the earth experienced warming at anythinglike the pace we now expect was about 55 million years ago,when temperatures rose by about 11 degrees Farenheight overthe course of 20,000 years (which is much slower than thecurrent pace of warming. The
was just as warm astoday, or warmer This may be the case, but it isn’t possible to say with anycertainty, because records are few and far between, and theircoverage is spotty. There is also no evidence that it was global; just observed in parts of the northern hemisphere, especiallyEurope.We do know that the climate has varied in the past, but thisdoesn’t challenge the case for human-caused climate changetoday. These past changes also occurred at a much slower rate.Carbon dioxidelevels have been
higher in thepast;
therefore itis naturalCarbon dioxide levels may have been higher, but they’ve neverrisen at a rate anywhere near the rate that they’re rising now.Air bubbles trapped in ice show CO2 concentrations over thelast 800,000 years; levels rose and fell gradually between 180and 280 ppm. They have shot to a current 387 ppm since theindustrial revolution began – a rate of change faster than everseen in the geological recordIsn't climatevariability shownto correlate withsolarvariability/
?Despite the recent decline in the sun’s brightness, the long-termtrend of global temperatures continues to rise.Sunspots have been observed since the invention of telescopesin 1610, and although climate predictions from sunspots havelong been attempted, the predictions have not held up. The Sun’s natural variability on the climate is very small;according to the last IPCC statement, around 10% of theinfluence of human greenhouse gases.Aren’t
growing ratherthan melting?Globally, this is not the case. While some glaciers are growing,overall the trend is for an accelerating rate of mass loss. Thisevidence comes from the National Snow and Ice Data Centre inthe US, and the World Glacier Monitoring Service. The
over the pastcentury doesn'tmatch the trend inglobal warming.How can it be adriver?Firstly, warming due to the enhanced greenhouse effect lagsbehind changes in CO
(and other greenhouse gases), due toinertia in the climate system. It takes time for the changes totake effect. Secondly, greenhouse gases are not the onlydeterminant of temperature. Aerosols, which are also emittedfrom human activities, are also important and can be shown toexplain much of the cooling seen in the middle of the 20thcentury. Without them, warming would most likely have beengreater. Volcanic eruptions and small changes in solar outputalso complicate the picture.Models have been used that take into account all these factors.