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Anatomy, Lecture 5, Pleaural Cavity and the Lungs (Lecture Notes)

Anatomy, Lecture 5, Pleaural Cavity and the Lungs (Lecture Notes)

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Published by Ali Hassan Al-Qudsi
Aantomy, Lecture 5, Pleaural Cavity and the Lungs (Lecture Notes)
Aantomy, Lecture 5, Pleaural Cavity and the Lungs (Lecture Notes)

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Published by: Ali Hassan Al-Qudsi on Oct 08, 2010
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10/06/2012

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The Pleurae, and the Lungs
The thoracic cavity consists of the
fascia
,
the
Muscle Layer,
and the main building block of the humanbody the
Bones.
The bones that make up the thoracic wall are the
12 Rib pairs, the Sternum, and the 12Thoracic Vertebrae.
The inside of the thoracic cavity is divided into 3 main parts:
2 radiolucent areas
(dark areas)
 
called the
Pulmonary cavity
(referring to the lung)
,
each of these cavities contains a lung and a
Pleura,
the pleura is the membrane that covers the lung (thelining of the lungs)In the middle of the two radiolucent area is a
radiopaque
(light) cavity
,
this contains the heart
,
 the hearts lining membrane (Pericardium)
,
and some major arteries. This area (behind thesternum) is referred to as the
Mediastinum
. This area also contains the esophagus
,
trachea
,
theAorta and the Vena Cava.
The Pleurae:
Any organ that moves inside the body is covered by a protective tissue membrane; the duty of these membranes is mainly
Protection of the organ,
and
Reducing the Friction produced when theorgan shifts
. The Lungs are constantly moving; during inhalation they expand
,
and during Exhalation thelungs collapse
,
(the heart is also constantly moving 60~90 times per minute depending on the pumpingrate) during all these movements these organs are in constant contact with each other
,
this continuousfriction would cause severe tearing to the organs
,
which brings us to the Membranes which act aslubricants between these organs greatly reducing the friction. In the lungs this protective membrane iscalled the
Pleura,
and in the heart it is known as the
Pericardium
.These membranes are basically a fluid filled sac surrounding the lung
,
Similar to pushing your fistinto a water filled balloon (allowing the balloon to surround your fist). This continuous sac has twolayers:
Visceral layer-
The inner layer of the Pleura which is in contact with the lung. (visceral meansrelated to organs)
 Parietal layer-
the outer layer of the organs
,
the one that is in cintact with the thoracic wallmainly the ribs and muscles. (parietal means related to the wall)
 
 
*R
emember that the Pleural membrane is
ONE
C
ON
TI
NUOU
S M
E
MBRA
NE
,
but with two layers. Thespace between these layers is called the
Pleural Cavity
.The Pulmonary cavity contains > Lungs & PleuraThe Pleural cavity contains> Fluid that separates Pleura layers.Lateral to the lung is the thoracic wall (as well as costal)
,
medially is the heart & esophagus
,
andinferiorly there is the diaphragm. So the parietal pleuron lines the thoracic wall (costal wall)mediastinum and the diaphragm.
(Use the slide pictures to help you understand this.)

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