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Victim Precipitation Theory

Victim Precipitation Theory

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Published by Jahir Islam
Theories of Victimization
Theories of Victimization

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Jahir Islam on Oct 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/30/2013

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Welcome topresentation
onon
Theories of Theories of  Victimization Victimization
Mohammed Jahirul IslamMohammed Jahirul Islam
 
Theories of VictimizationTheories of Victimization
Role of victim (Role of victim (
Hans Von HentigHans Von Hentig--1940s1940s
))
Victim¶s responsibility in theVictim¶s responsibility in the
µGenesis of Crime¶ µGenesis of Crime¶ 
((Stephen Schafer Stephen Schafer ))
Theories of Victimization
Victim Precipitation Theories(Marvin Wolfgang)Lifestyle Theories(Gary Jensen, David Brownfield)Routine Activities Theories(
L
awrence Cohen, Marcus Felson
)
 
Victim Precipitation TheoryVictim Precipitation Theory
PrecipitationPrecipitation
::
ome people may actually initiate the confrontation that eventually
ome people may actually initiate the confrontation that eventuallyleads to their injury/death.leads to their injury/death.
Ex:Ex:
 Homicide, Rape,
imple assault  Homicide, Rape,
imple assault 
Precipitation:Precipitation:Active precipitationActive precipitation
VsVs
Passive precipitationPassive precipitationActive precipitation:Active precipitation:
 Active precipitation occurs when victims act provocatively Active precipitation occurs when victims act provocativelyuse threats or µfighting words¶ or even attack first.use threats or µfighting words¶ or even attack first.³Victim precipitated´ is applied to those criminals homicides in³Victim precipitated´ is applied to those criminals homicides inwhich victim is a direct , positive precipitator in the crimewhich victim is a direct , positive precipitator in the crime Marvin Marvin Wolfgang,1958Wolfgang,1958 ), 150 or 26% out of 588 homicides ), 150 or 26% out of 588 homicides
Medium:Medium:
 Physical force, By using 
lang words,
eductiveness, Physical force, By using 
lang words,
eductiveness,Wearing sexy dressWearing sexy dress
Ex:Ex:
 Homicide, Date Rape Homicide, Date Rape
Passive precipitation:Passive precipitation:
 Passive precipitation occurs when the victim exibits some Passive precipitation occurs when the victim exibits some personal characteristics that unknowingly threatens or  personal characteristics that unknowingly threatens or encourages the attacker.encourages the attacker.
Causes:Causes:
 Personal conflict (Get job, promotion, love interest, Personal conflict (Get job, promotion, love interest, scarce commodity), Reputation, scarce commodity), Reputation, Power  Power 
Ex:Ex:
 Hate crime, Terrorism Hate crime, Terrorism

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