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Table Of Contents

1. Introduction
1.1 Scope of investigation
1.2 Action of slender structures under wind loading
1.2.1General
1.2.2 Vortex shedding
1.3 Symbols and units
2.Description of the VEAB chimney
2.1 VEAB Sandvik II plant
2.2.1 General data
2.2.2Structural details
2.2.3Manufacturing characteristics
2.3 Mechanical damper
2.3.1Common damping designs
2.3.2Tuned pendulum damper of the VEAB chimney
2.4Dynamic properties of the VEAB chimney
2.4.1Natural frequencies
2.4.2Vortex shedding
2.4.3 Elastic energy
2.5 Time history of the VEAB chimney
3. Observed and recorded behaviour of the VEAB chimney
3.1 Observation of mal-functioning of the chimney
3.1.1Observations of large oscillations
3.1.2 Initial observations of cracks and causes
3.1.3 Detailed examination of cracks
3.1.4Summary of cracks
3.1.5Notches not available for examination
3.1.6Repair of the damaged welds
3.2 Data recording system
3.2.1General
3.2.2 Strain gauges
3.2.3Wind data transmitter
3.2.4 Recording computer
3.2.5Calculation of top deflection range
3.2.6Verification of the equipment
3.2.7Procedures
3.2.8 Operating experiences
3.3Behaviour of the mechanical damper
3.3.1Observation of behaviour of chimney with and without damper
3.3.2 Theoretical study of chimney behaviour with and without damper
3.3.3 Comparison between observations and theoretical study
3.4 Recorded dynamic properties of the chimney
3.5 Observed wind properties
3.5.1 Wind pressure and top deflection range, anthill diagrams
3.5.2 Accumulated wind pressure and accumulated top deflection range diagrams
3.5.3Elastic energy diagrams
3.5.4Anthill diagrams for wind pressure at Växjö A station
3.5.5Deflection and wind velocity anthill diagrams
3.5.6 Wind turbulence anthill diagrams
3.5.7 Load spectra
3.5.8 Frequency of wind velocity
Frequency of wind velocity
3.5.9 Iso-wind velocity plots
3.6 Recordings of top deflection from deducted strain gauge measurements
3.7 First and second mode oscillations
3.7.1Screen plots
3.7.2 Logged files
3.7.3 First mode evaluation
3.7.4 Second mode evaluation
3.7.5 Discussion
3.8 Temperatures and temperature dependent properties
3.8.1Mean temperatures
3.8.2Density and kinematic viscosity
3.8.3 Discussion
4. Fatigue action
4.1 Fatigue model considered
4.2 Estimated cumulative damage for period with mal-functioning damper
4.3 Cumulative damage for period with functioning damper
4.3.1First mode of natural frequency
4.3.2 Influence of second mode of natural frequency
5Crack propagation
5.1 Method of analysis
6 Discussion
6.1 The reliability of buildings with mechanical movable devices
6.2 Comparable chimney data
6.3.1 General
6.3.2 Comparison between some codes and behaviour of the VEAB chimney
6.6 The future
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Dynamic Behaviour Under Wind Loading of Steel Chimney

Dynamic Behaviour Under Wind Loading of Steel Chimney

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Published by: zmtdialog on Oct 09, 2010
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07/30/2013

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