the authenticity of the video news reports could not be verified, which led to the inability to respond to potentialinjuries during the unrest.By the time Haiti was rocked by a 7.0 earthquake in January, 2010, many of those stranded turned to blogs,Twitter, Facebook and YouTube to report news and appeal for help. These tweets were posted on the day of theearthquake:
the hospital in Jacmel also seriously damaged and turning people away
Twitter user Melindayiti
around 8 AM ET.
Phones are working somewhat in Haiti. Can't get a hold of my family though.
Twitter user zabelbok
around 8:30 AM ET.
e are mobilizing resources and preparing plans to bring medical assistance to areas that have been hardest hit.
Posted around 1:30 AM by
Twitter user PIH_Org
, Partners in Health, Boston.
Excerpts from The Christian Science Monitor Individuals also turned their own blogs into media outlets, reporting the situation on the ground:Thousands of people are currently trapped. To guess at a number would be like guessing at raindrops in theocean. Precious lives hang in the balance. When pulled from the rubble there is no place to take them for careHaiti has an almost non existent medical care system for her people."
Posted at theTroy Livesay blog , fromPort
Weather disasters are now routinely reported in social media. On theTwitter Journalismsite, which was foundedby Craig Kanalley, founder of Breaking Tweetsand the Traffic and Trends Editor for Huffington Post, adverseweather and its effect is reported regularly. This sample shows how a social technology like Twitter assisted duringthe tornados which touched down in Mississippi, killing ten, in April, 2010.bypixelbell
Deadly tornado close to me today (Yazoo City, MS). Sad for the devastation. Verygrateful for@EricLawWLBTbeing on Twitter with warnings.
Underpinning the use of social media as a news gathering tool is a community mind-set in which the spirit of givingis highly important. This giving, combined with the maturation of the open source technologies, upon which manyof these media are founded, has spawned a collaboration movement in which volunteers with a wide range of talents are ready, willing, and able to respond.However, this rapid form of communication and its resulting motivated participants, while compelling, isunfocused and not directed to an entity that can actually make a useful response.
Chapter Three: The Crisis Collaboration Movement
Concurrent to the rise of social media and its inclusion into the newsgathering function, media services, individualsand organizations were taking collaboration to a new level. These groups werent just donating food and clothing,or taking a shift to work in a shelter during hurricane season, they were using the power of the Internet and its vastsearch and connective capabilities to make sense of information overload during crises and develop technology-based solutions to respond.Media services used crowdsourcing to gather and disseminate data.Crowdsourcingis a phenomenon withpowerful implications for crisis response. Defined as offering an open call for solutions to a problem, the concepthas been successfully used for design challenges, communication and technology. Depending on the project, thecrowd may or may not be compensated for their ideas. It is beginning to be used for news reporting, too.Spot.Usis an open source project in which the public can commission and participate with journalists on topicsselected by the group.iReportis an initiative by CNN to add the voices of citizen journalists to news events. Firstvisitors to the site see this disclaimer:Welcome to iReport, where people take part in the news with CNN. Your voice, together with other iReporters,helps shape how and what CNN covers everyday.
So you know:
iReport is the way people like you report the news.The stories in this section are not edited, fact-checked or screened before they post. Only ones marked 'CNNiReport' have been vetted by CNN.A recent addition to aggregating mobile, social and location isUshahidi, a platform that unifies data gathered frommultiple sources (SMS, email, web) and distributes it onto a visual map or timeline. This technology was used totrack the Snowmaggedon storm in Washington D.C. last winter as well as tracking the progress of voting in India