Peer Copying (P2P)
The Internet offers unlimited and astonishing possibilities to distribute and share copyrightedmaterials among Internet users located all over the world.P2P technology is used in many corporate firms in order to share and distribute files andinformation between employees. Also, many music fans use MP3 format technology to listento the kind of music they love for longer hours and with higher quality.Conversely, P2P technology and MP3 format, used in many websites, poses a high threat tothe royalties (income) of artists, and the music industry, since it allows users to transmit anddistribute copyrighted music files over the Internet without prior permission or faircompensation of artists or copyright owners.
at is P2P Technology?
Peer to peer technology (P2P) allows a group of users with the same networking program toget connected with each other either directly or through a mediating server, and to access andexchange files from one PC hard drive to another.
What is the MP3 Format?
MP3 format, technically known as (MPEG/Audio Layer 3), is a format developed under thesponsorship of the Motion Picture Expert Group (MPEG) and used to make music filesrelatively small while preserving its original quality when played. It is also commonly used todownload music from the Internet.
How Music Infringements Occur on the Internet?
Music is infringed on the Internet when an Internet user enters into an MP3 or P2P websiteand downloads a free software which will allow him to create his own library of favoritemusic.Any user may listen to the music he has downloaded, either directly on his PC or by playing itback on his portable MP3 device.Artists and the music industry in general have suffered a great deal from cop
infringement. They have tried tirelessly to track illegal websites and to shut them down byfiling suits against the proprietors of these websites for infringing and distributing musicwithout authorization or permission from copyright holders.
important cases illustrate this form of copyright infringement, Napster and KaZaA:
A&M Records Vs. Napster
In A & M Records Vs. Napster, the former sought to shut down Napster music website forinfringing copyright, by running a centralized server that facilitated the transmission anddistribution of music files between millions of users using its service.In a landmark decision, the US court found that Napster violated owners’ right to controlpublic performance, distributing their music without authorization.