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Iranian Nuclear Development-1

Iranian Nuclear Development-1

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Published by Dustin DeMoss

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Published by: Dustin DeMoss on Oct 09, 2010
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10/09/2010

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Page Iranian Nuclear DevelopmentAmerican Military UniversityIranian Nuclear Development SS132: International Relations IIDustin Reed DeMossDecember 21
st
, 2007 
 
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Page Iranian Nuclear Development
Overview
The Iranian state has had a nuclear program since 1959 beginning with aresearch reactor purchased from the United States and continuing to nuclear power in the1970s. It was not until the Islamic revolution of 1979 that the West became concerned of the intentions of Iran. U.S. and European allies in the broader Middle East and PersianGulf viewed Ayatollah Khomeini’s Islamic Republic as a potential threat and certainly anadversary in the context of actions taken during and after the revolution. Iran has andcontinues to seek a position of authority in the region and ambitiously seeks this throughstrategic means whether legal or illegal.The Iraq-Iran war from 1980 to 1988 exposed Iran to its inability todevelop and deliver weapons of mass destruction (WMD) as efficiently as its counterpartin the conflict. The insecurity amongst the leadership in Iran over this issue has led to a build-up and stockpiling of short range and longer range missiles of which many arecapable of carrying a nuclear payload. Of the estimated stockpile in the short range is atleast 200 CSS-8 missiles purchased from China in 1989, 30 to 50 CSS-7s (M-11), 100-400 SCUD-B’s from Libya and North Korea, and 100-170 SCUD-Cs developed by NorthKorea with Chinese assistance (Feickert 2004). The CSS-7 (M-11) and SCUD-B are believed capable of delivering a nuclear payload with a range of 173 to 186 miles (280-300km). The longer range arsenal is believed to be relegated to the Shahab-3 based on the North Korean No Dong-1 and reportedly has a range of 807 miles (1300km) whichallows the capability to strike Israel and U.S. bases in the Persian Gulf. Shahab-3 iscapable of delivering high explosive sub munitions, chemicals, and possibly a nuclear warhead (Feickert 2004). In 2001, Iran intended to produce at least 150 of the Shahab-3
 
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Page Iranian Nuclear Developmentaccording to press releases (Feickert 2004).Concern over Iran’s purported nuclear ambitions is heightened by the rhetoricagainst Israel when Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad holds a conference inTehran discussing the validity of the Holocaust and stating for Israel to be “wiped off themap” (BBC NEWS 2005). Furthermore, the Iranian state has been thoroughlydocumented attempting to covertly engage in the production of nuclear material whichwas revealed in August of 2002 by the Parliament-in-exile of the Iranian Resistancewhich operates under the guise of the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)when satellite photos of the nuclear sites at Natanz and Arak were revealed by thisorganization (Squassoni 2003). In May and July of 2003 the NCRI further revealed sitesof interest that may be used for uranium enrichment and centrifuge enrichment.Following these reports by the NCRI the Vice President of Iran in August 2002confirmed to the IAEA of the activities engaged in concerning the nuclear fuel cycle atthe facilities in Natanz and Arak (Squassoni 2003). The nuclear intentions of Iran aredubious but according to the leadership there is nothing but peaceful intentions for thenuclear program albeit if that were the case suspicion should arise when in the pursuit of this it must be covertly managed.
Fundamentalist Intentions
The intentions of Iranian leadership are quite obvious as the expansion of military power is necessary to secure strategic positioning in the region, ensure sovereignty, andhave a little more “
carrots
” to bargain for than “
 sticks
” because it would be a nuclear 

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