Page Mehlis Investigation and Issues of SovereigntyOn April 7
, 2005 the Mehlis investigation began at the decision of theUnited Nations Security Council due to the assassination of Rafik Hariri on February 14
,2005. During the course of the investigation a memorandum of understanding was signed by the government of Lebanon with the commission, and the Syrian Arab Republicacknowledged willingness to cooperate. The commission concluded that the assassinationof Rafik Hariri was carried out by “
a group with an extensive organization and considerable resources and capabilities
.” (Mehlis 2005) The commission also said,“
There is converging evidence pointing at both Lebanese and Syrian involvement in thisterrorist act.
” (Mehlis 2005) It became apparent to all sources involved that this act of terrorism and political manipulation in Lebanon could plausibly be the result of a meeting between Prime Minister Hariri and the President of Syria Bashar Al-Asaad when the twoindividuals disagreed on the extension of terms for Lebanese President Emile Lahoud.Several witnesses overheard Prime Minister Hariri threatened by President Al-Assad andaccording to Saad Hariri the following was said by Al-Asaad, “
This is what I want. If youthink that President Chirac and you are going to run Lebanon, you are mistaken. It is not going to happen. President Lahoud is me. Whatever I tell him, he follows suit. Thisextension is to happen or else I will break Lebanon over your head and Walid Jumblat’s
.” (Mehlis 2005) Throughout the course of the investigation the commissionnoted that the Syrian Arab Republic cooperated with the ongoing matter in “
form, not substance
.” (Mehlis 2005) The commission did not directly indicate the partiesresponsible for the assassination of Mr. Hariri but throughout the report the proverbialfinger is pointed at President Al-Asaad.