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Table Of Contents

About SF Oracle RAC
How SF Oracle RAC works (high-level perspective)
Component products and processes of SF Oracle RAC
Communication infrastructure
Cluster interconnect communication channel
Low-level communication: port relationship between GAB and processes
Cluster Volume Manager
Cluster File System
Oracle Disk Manager
Veritas Cluster Server
RAC extensions
I/O fencing
Additional features of SF Oracle RAC
Overview of SF Oracle RAC installation and configuration tasks
Preparing to install and configure SF Oracle RAC
Installing SF Oracle RAC and configuring its components
Installing Oracle RAC and creating Oracle RAC database
Setting up VCS to manage RAC resources
Setting up disaster recovery in SF Oracle RAC environment (optional)
Setting up backup and recovery feature for SF Oracle RAC (optional)
About SF Oracle RAC component features
■Symantec Product Authentication Service
Symantec Product Authentication Service
Veritas Cluster Management Console
Notification for VCS events
Global Clusters
Veritas Volume Replicator
Typical SF Oracle RAC cluster setup
Preparing SF Oracle RAC cluster setup for optional features
■“Installing root broker for Symantec Product Authentication Service” on
Installing root broker for Symantec Product Authentication Service
Installing the management server for the Veritas Cluster Management Console
SF Oracle RAC prerequisites
System requirements
Software requirements
Supported operating systems
AIX operating system See“Supported operating systems” on page69
Performing preinstallation tasks
Obtaining license keys
Synchronizing cluster nodes
Setting up inter-system communication
Setting up shared storage for I/O fencing
Setting up environment variables
Gathering information to install and configure SF Oracle RAC
Information to install SF Oracle RAC filesets
Information to configure Veritas Cluster Server component
Information to configure SF Oracle RAC clusters in secure mode
Information to add SF Oracle RAC users
Information to configure Cluster Management Console cluster connector
Information to configure Cluster Mamagement Console
Information to configure SMTP email notification
Information to configure SNMP trap notification
Information to configure global clusters
Information to configure Cluster Volume Manager
Information to configure Veritas Volume Replicator
Information to configure I/O fencing
About CVM and CFS in an SF Oracle RAC environment
About CVM
About CFS
About shared disk groups
About raw volumes versus CFS for data files
✔“Installing the software” on page83
Installing the software
Performing basic system checks
Running an optional system check for LLT
To run an optional system check for LLT
Checking shared disks for SCSI-3 support
Configuring SF Oracle RAC Components
■“Configuring the cluster”
Configuring the cluster
Configuring the cluster in secure mode
To configure the cluster in secure mode
Adding SF Oracle RAC users
Configuring cluster connector
To configure cluster connector
Configuring the Cluster Management Console
To configure the Cluster Management Console
Configuring SMTP email notification
To configure SMTP email notification
Configuring SNMP trap notification
To configure the SNMP trap notification
Configuring the global cluster option
To configure the global cluster option
Setting permissions for database administration
See “Configuring the cluster volume manager” on page99
To set permissions for database administration
Configuring the cluster volume manager
■Setting up naming scheme
Setting up naming scheme
Setting up default disk group
Configuring VVR
Starting the VAILAgent
To start the VAILAgent
About Veritas Storage Foundation Management Server
Starting SF Oracle RAC processes
Performing post-installation tasks
✔Verifying GAB port membership
Verifying GAB port membership
Setting up I/O fencing
■ “Verifying the nodes see the same disk” on page105
Upgrading from 4.0 MP3 to SF 5.0 Oracle RAC
Pre-Upgrade tasks: stopping Oracle and cluster resources
Invoking installsfrac to upgrade to SF Oracle 5.0
Post-upgrade tasks for SF 5.0 Oracle RAC
Setting up SF Oracle RAC with Oracle9i
✔“About the location of ORACLE_HOME” on page129
About the location of ORACLE_HOME
Performing preinstallation operations
■“Adding users and groups for Oracle.”
Adding users and groups for Oracle
Setting up oracle user equivalence for RSH and RCP
Verifying RSH access for “oracle” user
Setting shell limits for “oracle” user
Configuring maximum user Processes
Verifying the user “nobody” exists
Creating file system or volume for SRVM
Creating a disk group and file system for the Oracle software
Preparing $ORACLE_BASE on each node
Preparing $ORACLE_HOME on each node
Setting umask before installation
✔“Installing Oracle9i Database Software” on page137
Installing Oracle9i Database Software
Installing Oracle9i Release 2 binary on each node locally
Completing post-installation operations
Adding Oracle9i R2 patches - using the installer
Oracle RAC libraries to Oracle - using the installer.”
Relinking the SF Oracle RAC libraries to Oracle - using the installer
Configuring networking and Oracle listeners
Creating the Oracle database
Checking cluster_database flag in Oracle9i parameter file
Testing the configuration
■“About SF Oracle RAC service groups” on page147
About SF Oracle RAC service groups
About CVM and Oracle group configuration
VCS service groups for RAC: dependencies
Managing Oracle components of the SF Oracle RAC environment
Configuring the Oracle resource
Oracle service group
Defining database fault behavior
Configuring CVM and Oracle service groups manually
To configure CVM and Oracle service groups manually
Modifying the CVM service group in the main.cf file
Adding Oracle resource groups in the main.cf file
Saving and checking the configuration
Local CVM and Oracle group attributes
Modifying the VCS configuration
Configuring the service groups using the wizard
Verifying configuration requirements
Establishing graphical access for the wizard
Creating service groups using the configuration wizard
To create service groups using the configuration wizard
Modifying service groups using the configuration wizard
■Adding a Node to an Oracle9i AIX SF Oracle RAC cluster
Adding a node to an Oracle9i SF Oracle RAC cluster
Checking system requirements for a new node
Modifying /etc/pse.conf to enable the dlpi driver
Physically adding a new system to the cluster
Installing Storage Foundation for Oracle RAC on the new system
Configuring LLT, GAB, VCSMM, and VXFEN drivers
To configure LLT, GAB, VCSMM, and VxFEN drivers
Unlinking Veritas libraries from Oracle binary (optional)
Stopping VCS and modifying the configuration
Editing /etc/llthosts and /etc/gabtab files on existing nodes
Running the uninstallsfrac utility
Stopping gsd and applications using Oracle9i on CFS
Stopping applications using CFS (outside of VCS control)
Unmounting CFS file systems (outside of VCS control)
Offlining the Oracle and Netlsnr resources
Removing the Oracle database (optional)
Uninstalling Oracle9i (optional)
Unlinking Veritas libraries from Oracle9i binaries
To unlink Oracle9i binaries from Veritas libraries
Stopping VCS
Removing SF Oracle RAC packages
Removing repository database
To remove repository database
Removing license files
Removing other configuration files
Setting up SF Oracle RAC with Oracle 10g
✔“About Oracle 10g RAC in an SF Oracle RAC environment” on page201
About Oracle 10g RAC in an SF Oracle RAC environment
Oracle RAC in a Veritas SF Oracle RAC environment
Using the SF Oracle RAC configuration program
Setting Oracle user
See“Setting up Oracle user equivalence for RSH and RCP” on page204
Setting up Oracle user equivalence for RSH and RCP
To set up Oracle user equivalence for RSH and RCP
Verifying RSH access for Oracle user
Configuring shell limits for Oracle user
Configuring kernel parameter for processes per user
Configuring private IP addresses for CRS
Creating public virtual IP addresses for use by Oracle
Creating disk groups, volumes, and mount points
Installing Oracle 10g RAC
✔“Installing CRS” on page213
Installing CRS
Installing Oracle 10g database software
Verifying the Oracle CRS and Oracle 10g Installation
■Adding Oracle 10g R1 or R2 patches
Adding Oracle 10g R1 or R2 patches
See“Relinking the SF Oracle RAC libraries to Oracle” on page224
Relinking the SF Oracle RAC libraries to Oracle
To relink the SF Oracle RAC libraries to Oracle
Configuring the Oracle Service Group in a VCS Configuration
Migrating from Oracle9i R2 to Oracle 10g
■Completing pre-upgrade Tasks
Completing pre-upgrade Tasks
To complete pre-upgrade tasks
Installing Oracle 10g
To install Oracle 10g
Migrating an existing Oracle 9iR2 database to Oracle 10gR2
Unfreezing the VCS service groups
To unfreeze the VCS service groups
Migrating from Oracle10gR1 to Oracle 10.2.0.1
Completing pre-upgrade tasks
Installing Oracle 10.2.0.1
Migrating the existing Oracle 10gR1 database to Oracle 10gR2
Completing post-upgrade tasks
■About VCS service group for Oracle 10g dependencies
About VCS service group for Oracle 10g dependencies
Figure 13-1 Configuration without the Oracle Agent
Configuring CVM and Oracle Service Groups
Configuring CVM Service Group for Oracle 10g Manually
Sample main.cf for Oracle 10g
Creating service groups using the configuration wizard
Location of VCS log files
Adding and removing cluster nodes for Oracle 10g
■“Adding a node to an Oracle 10g cluster” on page249
Adding a node to an Oracle 10g cluster
Checking system requirements for new node
Starting Volume Manager
To start Volume Manager
To configure LLT, GAB, VCSMM, and VXFEN drivers
Preparing to add a node
Configuring CVM
Using the Oracle add node procedure
Sample main.cf for adding an Oracle 10g node
Removing a node from an Oracle 10g cluster
■“Removing a Node from an Oracle 10g Cluster” on page258
■“Running the uninstallsfrac utility” on page258
Removing a Node from an Oracle 10g Cluster
To run the uninstallsfrac utility
Editing VCS configuration files on existing nodes
Sample main.cf for Removing an Oracle 10g Node
Uninstalling SF Oracle RAC on Oracle 10g:
Offlining service groups
Stopping Applications Using CFS (Outside of VCS Control)
Unmounting VxFS File Systems (Outside of VCS Control)
Removing the Oracle Database (Optional)
Unlinking Veritas libraries from Oracle 10g binaries
To unlink Oracle 10g binaries from Veritas libraries
Removing other configuration files (optional)
Rebooting the Nodes
Global clustering concepts
Global clustering for Oracle RAC
Replication in a shared disk environment
Setting up a secondary site
✔Obtaining and installing license keys
Obtaining and installing license keys for VVR
Installing SF Oracle RAC on the secondary site
Installing Oracle on the secondary site
2Install Oracle on the secondary site
Configuring VCS service groups for the secondary site
Preparing clusters for replication
Adding the VVR types to the VCS configuration
Configuring global clustering
Setting up replication
Creating the SRL volume on the primary site
To create the SRL volume on the primary site
Setting up replication objects on the primary site
Configuring replication for the secondary site
Starting replication of Oracle database volume
Configuring VCS to Replicate the Database Volume
Modifying the VCS configuration for replication
Starting VCS on All Nodes in Both Clusters
Migration and takeover of primary replication role
Migrating the role of primary site to the remote site
Taking over the primary role by the remote cluster
Creating and configuring the repository database for Oracle
Setting administrative permissions
Storage Checkpoints and Storage Rollback concepts
How Storage Checkpoints and Storage Rollback work
Determining space requirements for Storage Checkpoints
Performance of Storage Checkpoints
Backing up and recovering the database using Storage Checkpoints
Verifying a Storage Checkpoint using the command line
Backing up using a Storage Checkpoint
Recovering a database using a Storage Checkpoint
Cloning the Oracle instance using dbed_clonedb
Guidelines for Oracle recovery
■ ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS;
About Database FlashSnap
Solving typical database problems with Database FlashSnap
About Database FlashSnap applications
Using Database FlashSnap
Using Database FlashSnap commands
Using Database FlashSnap options
Planning to use Database FlashSnap
Selecting the snapshot mode
Selecting one or two hosts
Preparing hosts and storage for Database FlashSnap
Setting up hosts
Single-host configuration
Two-host configuration
Host and storage requirements
Creating a snapshot mirror of a volume or volume set used by the database
Upgrading existing volumes to use Veritas Volume Manager 5.0
Summary of database snapshot steps
Creating a snapplan (dbed_vmchecksnap)
Creating multi-mirror snapshots
Validating a snapplan (dbed_vmchecksnap)
Displaying, copying, and removing a snapplan (dbed_vmchecksnap)
Creating a snapshot (dbed_vmsnap
Backing up the database from snapshot volumes (dbed_vmclonedb)
Mounting the snapshot volumes and backing up
Cloning a database (dbed_vmclonedb)
Using Database FlashSnap to Clone a Database
Shutting Down the Clone Database and Unmounting File Systems
Restarting a Clone Database
Recreating Oracle tempfiles
Resynchronizing the snapshot to your database
Removing a snapshot volume
■“Understanding storage mapping” on page389
Understanding storage mapping
Verifying the storage mapping setup
Using vxstorage_stats
Displaying storage mapping information
To display storage mapping information
Displaying I/O statistics information
To display I/O statistics information
Using dbed_analyzer
Obtaining storage mapping information for a list of tablespaces
Oracle file mapping (ORAMAP)
Mapping components
Storage mapping views
Verifying Oracle file mapping setup
Enabling Oracle file mapping
Accessing dynamic performance views
To access dynamic performance views
About arrays for storage mapping and statistics
■“Running scripts for engineering support analysis” on page405
Running scripts for engineering support analysis
getcomms
hagetcf
Troubleshooting tips
Troubleshooting Oracle
Oracle log files
Oracle Notes
Oracle troubleshooting topics
Error when starting an Oracle instance
CRS fails after restart
Troubleshooting the VIP Configuration
Troubleshooting fencing
SCSI reservation errors during bootup
vxfentsthdw fails when SCSI TEST UNIT READY command fails
vxfentsthdw fails when prior registration key exists on disk
Removing existing keys from disks
System panic prevents potential data corruption
Clearing keys after split brain
Adding or removing coordinator disks
Troubleshooting ODM
File System configured incorrectly for ODM shuts down Oracle
Troubleshooting VCSIPC
VCSIPC errors in Oracle trace/log files
Troubleshooting CVM
Shared disk group cannot be imported
Importing shared disk groups
Starting CVM
CVMVolDg not online even though CVMCluster is online
Shared disks not visible
Troubleshooting CVR
Troubleshooting interconnects
Restoring communication between host and disks after cable disconnection
Oracle9i configuration
Oracle 10g configurations
Oracle 10g configuration without Oracle agent
Oracle 10g configuration with Oracle agent
Oracle 10g configuration for CVM/VVR primary site
Oracle 10g configuration for CVM/VVR secondary site
Creating a database for Oracle9i
Creating starter database tablespaces on raw volumes (option 1)
Creating starter database tablespaces on CFS using dbca (option 2)
Creating a database for Oracle 10g
Creating database tablespaces shared on raw volumes (option 1)
Creating database tablespaces shared on CFS (option 2)
CVMCluster agent
CVMCluster agent, entry points
CVMCluster agent type
CVMCluster agent type definition
CVMCluster agent sample configuration
CVMVxconfigd Agent
CVMVxconfigd agent, entry points
CVMVxconfigd agent type
CVMVxconfigd type definition
Sample CVMVxconfigd agent configuration
CVMVolDg and CFSMount resources
CVMVolDg agent entry points
CVMVolDg agent type attribute descriptions
CVMVolDg agent type definition
Sample CVMVolDg agent configuration
CFSMount agent entry points
CFSMount agent type, attribute descriptions
CFSMount agent type definition
Sample CFSMount agent configuration
PrivNIC agent
PrivNIC agent: monitor entry point
PrivNIC agent: type attribute descriptions
PrivNIC agent: type definition
PrivNIC agent: sample configuration
Configuring the Application agent to monitor CSSD
Oracle agent functions
Startup and shutdown options
Startup options
Shutdown options
Monitor options for Oracle agent
Detail monitoring
Info entry point
Action entry point
Netlsnr agent functions
I/O fencing topics
Initializing disks as VxVM disks
vxfentsthdw options and methods
General guidelines for using vxfentsthdw
Testing the coordinator disk group using vxfentsthdw -c
To test the coordinator disk group using vxfentsthdw -c
Using the -r option for non-destructive testing
Using the -m option
Using the -f option
Using the -g option
Testing a disk with existing keys
How I/O fencing works in different event scenarios
About the vxfenadm utility
Registration key formatting
Example: Configuring the VXFEN Parameters
LMX Error Messages, Critical
LMX Error Messages, Non-Critical
VxVM Errors Related to I/O Fencing
VXFEN Driver Error Messages
VXFEN Driver Informational Message
Informational Messages When Node is Ejected
Glossary
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Published by: csvenkata on Oct 10, 2010
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