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Studies on Phase and Coherence in Quantum Systems by K Eswaran

Studies on Phase and Coherence in Quantum Systems by K Eswaran

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Published by keswaran
This is a study of certain aspects of phase and coherence in quantum systems.
This is a study of certain aspects of phase and coherence in quantum systems.

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Published by: keswaran on Oct 10, 2010
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11/03/2011

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STUDIES ONPHASE AND COHERENCE IN QUANTUMSYSTEMS
A THESISSubmitted to the University of Madrasin Partial fulfilment of the requirementof the Degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHYByKUMAR ESWARAN
1
Department of Theoretical PhysicsUniversity of MadrasMadras 6000025INDIAJanuary 1973
1
The support of the University Grants Commission is gratefully acknowledged
 
PREFACE
This thesis embodies the results of the investigations carried out by the au-thor during the period 1969-1972 in the Department of Theoretical Physics of the University of Madras, on the phase and coherence aspects of quantum sys-tems.The thesis consists of four chapters and an appendix. Chapter II embodies theresults of our studies on generalized phase operators for the quantum harmonicoscillator. In Chapter III we present an approximate solution for the energylevels of the anharmonic oscillator, which we obtain through the use of actionand phase variables. Chapter IV concerns itself with the behaviour of smallwavepackets in spherically symmetric potentials and, in particular, the questionwhether there exist any wave packets which remain coherent for all time.The work reported in this thesis has been done in collaboration with andunder the guidance of Professor P.M. Mathews. It forms the subject matter of five papers, two of which have already been published:
1.
On the Generalized Phase operators for the Quantum HarmonicOscillator, Il Nuovo Cimento
70 B
, pp 1 -11 (1970)
2.
On the Energy Levels of the Anharmonic Oscillator,(with P.M. Mathews), Lett. al Nuovo Cimento
5
, pp 15 - 18, (1972)and three others (see footnote)
1
which are in the course of publication.To the knowledge of the author the results of the thesis have not formed anypart of any earlier thesis.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The author is very deeply indebted to Professor P.M. Mathews withoutwhose inspiring guidance and continuous encouragement throughout the entireperiod of research, this work could never have been completed.He is grateful to Dr. M. Seetharaman and Mr. J. Jayaraman for fruifuldiscussions. He is also grateful to his colleagues Mr. Lakshmanan, Mr. SekharRaghavan and Mr. J. Prabhakaran for their cooperation.He wishes to acknowledge his gratitude to the University Grants Commis-sion for financial assistance in the form of a research fellowship.Finally thanks are due to Mr. Mohamed Jawad for his excellent typing of the thesis.
1
NOTE ADDED: (by Author)
These three papers have subsequently been publishedand their references are as under:
3.
Semi-Coherent States of the Quantum Harmonic Oscillator, (with P.M. Mathews),Il Nuovo Cimento
17 B
, pp 332 - 335 (1973)
4.
Simultaneous Uncertainties of the Cosine and Sine Operators, (with P.M. Mathews),Il Nuovo Cimento
19 B
, pp 99 - 104 (1974)
5.
On the Evolution of Wave Packets for Particles in Central Potentials,(with P.M. Mathews), Journal of Physics A,
7
, pp 1547 - 1556 (1974)
1
 
CONTENTSChapter I
: Page 3Introduction
Chapter II
: Page 9On the Generalized Phase Operators for the QuantumHarmonic Oscillator
Chapter III
: Page 21The Action & Phase (Angle) Variables & the Energy Levelsof the Anharmonic Oscillator
Chapter IV
: Page 26Coherence in Quantum Mechanical Systems
Chapter V
: Page 36Appendix and References2

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