This thesis embodies the results of the investigations carried out by the au-thor during the period 1969-1972 in the Department of Theoretical Physics of the University of Madras, on the phase and coherence aspects of quantum sys-tems.The thesis consists of four chapters and an appendix. Chapter II embodies theresults of our studies on generalized phase operators for the quantum harmonicoscillator. In Chapter III we present an approximate solution for the energylevels of the anharmonic oscillator, which we obtain through the use of actionand phase variables. Chapter IV concerns itself with the behaviour of smallwavepackets in spherically symmetric potentials and, in particular, the questionwhether there exist any wave packets which remain coherent for all time.The work reported in this thesis has been done in collaboration with andunder the guidance of Professor P.M. Mathews. It forms the subject matter of ﬁve papers, two of which have already been published:
On the Generalized Phase operators for the Quantum HarmonicOscillator, Il Nuovo Cimento
, pp 1 -11 (1970)
On the Energy Levels of the Anharmonic Oscillator,(with P.M. Mathews), Lett. al Nuovo Cimento
, pp 15 - 18, (1972)and three others (see footnote)
which are in the course of publication.To the knowledge of the author the results of the thesis have not formed anypart of any earlier thesis.
The author is very deeply indebted to Professor P.M. Mathews withoutwhose inspiring guidance and continuous encouragement throughout the entireperiod of research, this work could never have been completed.He is grateful to Dr. M. Seetharaman and Mr. J. Jayaraman for fruifuldiscussions. He is also grateful to his colleagues Mr. Lakshmanan, Mr. SekharRaghavan and Mr. J. Prabhakaran for their cooperation.He wishes to acknowledge his gratitude to the University Grants Commis-sion for ﬁnancial assistance in the form of a research fellowship.Finally thanks are due to Mr. Mohamed Jawad for his excellent typing of the thesis.
NOTE ADDED: (by Author)
These three papers have subsequently been publishedand their references are as under:
Semi-Coherent States of the Quantum Harmonic Oscillator, (with P.M. Mathews),Il Nuovo Cimento
, pp 332 - 335 (1973)
Simultaneous Uncertainties of the Cosine and Sine Operators, (with P.M. Mathews),Il Nuovo Cimento
, pp 99 - 104 (1974)
On the Evolution of Wave Packets for Particles in Central Potentials,(with P.M. Mathews), Journal of Physics A,
, pp 1547 - 1556 (1974)